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Policy Tracker

To track progress on policy implementation, we’ve compiled a database of emissions reduction policies currently implemented, developing, and announced in Canada at the federal, provincial, and territorial levels.

Policy name Region Sector Status Type Mitigation
Federal Agriculture Developed Government spending / Subsidy Efficiency increase

Policy description: Prioritization of $50 million of the "expanded $165.5 million Agricultural Clean Technology program", for purchase of more energy efficient grain dryers. Further, $10 million will be allocated "over the next two years, from the Agricultural Clean Technology Program toward powering farms with clean energy and moving off diesel". $329.4 million investment over six years, starting in 2022-23, with $0.6 million remaining amortization, to triple the size of the Agricultural Clean Technology Program.

Region: Federal

Sector: Agriculture

Status: Developed

Type: Government spending / Subsidy

Mitigation: Efficiency increase

Emissions / Actions covered: Increase purchase of more efficient grain dryers and move towards powering farms with clean energy instead of diesel.

References: https://www.budget.gc.ca/2021/report-rapport/p2-en.html#chap5 https://budget.gc.ca/2022/report-rapport/chap3-en.html#2022-1

Federal Agriculture Developing Government spending / Subsidy System improvements

Policy description: $185 million fund to help develop and implement farming practices to tackle climate change such as shelterbelts, cover crops, intercropping, and rotational practices.

Region: Federal

Sector: Agriculture

Status: Developing

Type: Government spending / Subsidy

Mitigation: System improvements

Emissions / Actions covered: Develop and implement farming practices to tackle climate change.

References: https://www.canada.ca/en/services/environment/weather/climatechange/climate-plan/climate-plan-overview/emissions-reduction-2030/plan/chapter-2.html#toc2 https://agriculture.canada.ca/en/agricultural-programs-and-services/agricultural-climate-solutions-program-living-labs-step-1-what-program-offers

Federal Agriculture Developed Government spending / Subsidy Carbon sequestration

Policy description: Additional $200 million of funding "over two years, starting in 2021-22, to launch immediate, on-farm climate action under the Agricultural Climate Solutions program." This program targets "projects accelerating emission reductions by improving nitrogen management, increasing adoption of cover cropping, and normalizing rotational grazing." $469.5 million of funding over six years, with $0.5 million in remaining amortization, starting in 2022-23, to Agriculture and Agri-Food Canada to expand the Agricultural Climate Solutions program’s On-Farm Climate Action Fund.

Region: Federal

Sector: Agriculture

Status: Developed

Type: Government spending / Subsidy

Mitigation: Carbon sequestration

Emissions / Actions covered: Increase emissions reductions on farms.

References: https://www.budget.gc.ca/2021/report-rapport/p2-en.html#chap5 https://budget.gc.ca/2022/report-rapport/chap3-en.html#2022-1

Federal Agriculture Announced Regulation Various

Policy description: Canada will launch a Green Agriculture Plan that will take an integrated approach to addressing agri-environmental issues in the sector, as a means to support the agriculture sector’s actions on climate change and other environmental priorities towards 2030 and 2050. As part of the plan, AAFC will work with farmers and stakeholders to reduce methane and fertilizer emissions in the agricultural sector. The Government of Canada has also confirmed its support for the Global Methane Pledge, an international joint agreement to reduce global methane emissions across sectors by at least 30 percent below 2020. The government is committed to supporting Canadian farmers and industry partners who are taking action to reduce emissions, sequester carbon, and make their operations more sustainable, productive, and competitive. This includes through investments in new programs, such as the Agricultural Climate Solutions initiative and the Agricultural Clean Technology Program, which aim to help farmers adopt new, beneficial management practices and clean technologies to boost productivity and lower emissions—including from methane.

Region: Federal

Sector: Agriculture

Status: Announced

Type: Regulation

Mitigation: Various

Emissions / Actions covered: Methane emissions from agriculture

References: https://agriculture.canada.ca/en/about-our-department/transparency-and-corporate-reporting/public-opinion-research-and-consultations/canadas-national-pathways-document-consultation-draft https://agriculture.canada.ca/en/about-our-department/key-departmental-initiatives/federal-sustainable-development-strategy/2020-2023-departmental-sustainable-development-strategy#a3 https://www.canada.ca/en/environment-climate-change/news/2021/10/canada-confirms-its-support-for-the-global-methane-pledge-and-announces-ambitious-domestic-actions-to-slash-methane-emissions.html

Federal Agriculture Developing Research and development System improvements

Policy description: $3 billion cost-shared by national and subnational governments over five years to support region-specific agriculture programs and services. Funding will be channelled through on-farm environmental stewardship programs to support Environmental Farm Plans and adoption of management practices with environmental benefits.

Region: Federal

Sector: Agriculture

Status: Developing

Type: Research and development

Mitigation: System improvements

Emissions / Actions covered: Support region-specific agricultural programs and services.

References: https://www.canada.ca/en/services/environment/weather/climatechange/climate-plan/climate-plan-overview/emissions-reduction-2030/plan/chapter-2.html#toc2 https://cap.alberta.ca/CAP/

Federal Agriculture Developed Research and development Various

Policy description: $100 million over six years, starting in 2022-23, to the federal granting councils to support post-secondary research in developing technologies and crop varieties that enable net-zero emissions agriculture.

Region: Federal

Sector: Agriculture

Status: Developed

Type: Research and development

Mitigation: Various

Emissions / Actions covered: Support research on net-zero-emissions agriculture.

References: https://budget.gc.ca/2022/report-rapport/chap3-en.html#2022-1

Federal Agriculture Announced Voluntary System improvements

Policy description: Commitment to "setting a national fertilizer emission reduction target of 30% below 2020 levels by 2030 and to work with fertilizer manufacturers, farmers, provinces and territories, to develop an approach to meet it." The federal government is exploring fertilizer emission reduction options through a new Agricultural Policy Framework and the Green Agricultural Plan for Canada.

Region: Federal

Sector: Agriculture

Status: Announced

Type: Voluntary

Mitigation: System improvements

Emissions / Actions covered: Non-combustion direct emissions (preceding fertilizer application) and non-combustion indirect emissions (from nitrogen leached from fields and evaporated into the atmosphere as ammonia) from the application of fertilizer.

References: https://www.canada.ca/en/services/environment/weather/climatechange/climate-plan/climate-plan-overview/emissions-reduction-2030/plan.html https://agriculture.canada.ca/en/about-our-department/transparency-and-corporate-reporting/public-opinion-research-and-consultations/share-ideas-fertilizer-emissions-reduction-target/discussion-document-reducing-emissions-arising-application-fertilizer-canadas-agriculture-sector

Federal Agriculture Developing Government spending / Subsidy Carbon sequestration

Policy description: $150 million for a resilient agricultural landscape program to support carbon sequestration and adaptation and address other environmental co-benefits.

Region: Federal

Sector: Agriculture

Status: Developing

Type: Government spending / Subsidy

Mitigation: Carbon sequestration

Emissions / Actions covered: Support carbon sequestration and adaptation and address other environmental co-benefits in agriculture.

References: https://budget.gc.ca/2022/report-rapport/chap3-en.html#2022-1

Federal Agriculture Announced Research and development Various

Policy description: $100 million to invest in transformative science for a sustainable farming sector in an uncertain climate and 2050 net-zero economy.

Region: Federal

Sector: Agriculture

Status: Announced

Type: Research and development

Mitigation: Various

Emissions / Actions covered: Support transformative science initiatives in the farming sector.

References: https://www.canada.ca/en/services/environment/weather/climatechange/climate-plan/climate-plan-overview/emissions-reduction-2030/plan/chapter-2.html#toc2

Federal Buildings Developing Research and development Fuel switching / Efficiency increase

Policy description: $150 million to develop a national net-zero-by-2050 buildings strategy. The strategy will build off existing initiatives and set out new policy, programs, incentives, and standards needed to drive a large retrofit of the existing building stock and new construction to the highest zero-carbon standard.

Region: Federal

Sector: Buildings

Status: Developing

Type: Research and development

Mitigation: Fuel switching / Efficiency increase

Emissions / Actions covered: Create a net-zero building strategy.

References: https://www.canada.ca/en/services/environment/weather/climatechange/climate-plan/climate-plan-overview/emissions-reduction-2030/plan/chapter-2.html#toc2 https://budget.gc.ca/2022/report-rapport/chap1-en.html#2022-1

Federal Buildings Developing Government spending / Subsidy Fuel switching / Efficiency increase

Policy description: $2 billion in financing for large-scale public and commercial building retrofits.

Region: Federal

Sector: Buildings

Status: Developing

Type: Government spending / Subsidy

Mitigation: Fuel switching / Efficiency increase

Emissions / Actions covered: Increase large-scale retrofits to public and commercial buildings

References: https://www.canada.ca/en/services/environment/weather/climatechange/climate-plan/climate-plan-overview/emissions-reduction-2030/plan/chapter-2.html#toc2

Federal Buildings Developed Government spending / Subsidy Efficiency increase

Policy description: $1.5 billion over three years for repairs and efficiency upgrades in community buildings and for building new energy-efficient community buildings.

Region: Federal

Sector: Buildings

Status: Developed

Type: Government spending / Subsidy

Mitigation: Efficiency increase

Emissions / Actions covered: Increase energy efficiency in community buildings.

References: https://www.budget.gc.ca/2021/home-accueil-en.html

Federal Buildings Developed Government spending / Subsidy Fuel switching / Efficiency increase

Policy description: $200 million over five years, starting 2022-23, to Natural Resources Canada to create the Deep Retrofit Accelerator Initiative. The initiative will provide support for retrofit audits and project management for large projects to accelerate the pace of deep retrofits in Canada. Focus on low-income affordable housing.

Region: Federal

Sector: Buildings

Status: Developed

Type: Government spending / Subsidy

Mitigation: Fuel switching / Efficiency increase

Emissions / Actions covered: Accelerate the pace of deep retrofits in Canada.

References: https://budget.gc.ca/2022/report-rapport/chap1-en.html#2022-1

Federal Buildings Announced Research and development Fuel switching / Efficiency increase

Policy description: $182 million to increase energy efficiency and address climate change by improving how homes and buildings are designed, renovated, and constructed. $48.4 millions will support the development/implementation of building codes for existing buildings and new net-zero-energy-ready buildings though research, development, and demonstration initiatives.

Region: Federal

Sector: Buildings

Status: Announced

Type: Research and development

Mitigation: Fuel switching / Efficiency increase

Emissions / Actions covered: Increase efficiency and reduce emissions in homes.

References: https://www.nrcan.gc.ca/netzerobuildings

Federal Buildings Developed Government spending / Subsidy Fuel switching

Policy description: $14.9 million of funding "over 4 years, starting in 2022-23, with $77.9 million in future years, to Public Services and Procurement Canada for a Federal Clean Electricity Fund to purchase renewable energy certificates for all federal government buildings" in pursuit of the federal government's targets to have all federal buildings powered by 100 percent clean electricity by 2022.

Region: Federal

Sector: Buildings

Status: Developed

Type: Government spending / Subsidy

Mitigation: Fuel switching

Emissions / Actions covered: Achieve the target of powering all federal buildings by 100% clean electricity by 2022.

References: https://www.budget.gc.ca/2021/report-rapport/p2-en.html#chap5

Federal Buildings Developing Government spending / Subsidy Efficiency increase

Policy description: $1.5 billion to projects that improve energy efficiency through retrofits, repairs or upgrades, and new builds. 10% is reserved for projects benefiting Indigenous communities.

Region: Federal

Sector: Buildings

Status: Developing

Type: Government spending / Subsidy

Mitigation: Efficiency increase

Emissions / Actions covered: Increase energy efficiency in homes.

References: https://www.canada.ca/en/services/environment/weather/climatechange/climate-plan/climate-plan-overview/emissions-reduction-2030/plan/chapter-2.html#toc2

Federal Buildings Developed Research and development Fuel switching / Efficiency increase

Policy description: $183.2 million over seven years, starting 2022-23, with $8.5 million in remaining amortization, and $7.1 million to the National Research Council, to conduct research on national housing and building standards to encourage low-carbon construction solutions.

Region: Federal

Sector: Buildings

Status: Developed

Type: Research and development

Mitigation: Fuel switching / Efficiency increase

Emissions / Actions covered: Increase the use of low-carbon construction solutions.

References: https://budget.gc.ca/2022/report-rapport/chap1-en.html#2022-1

Federal Buildings Developing Government spending / Subsidy Efficiency increase

Policy description: $2.6 billion for residential energy efficiency improvements over seven years. 700,000 grants of up to $5,000 to help homeowners make energy-efficient retrofits to their homes.

Region: Federal

Sector: Buildings

Status: Developing

Type: Government spending / Subsidy

Mitigation: Efficiency increase

Emissions / Actions covered: Increase energy-efficient retrofits in homes.

References: https://www.canada.ca/en/services/environment/weather/climatechange/climate-plan/climate-plan-overview/emissions-reduction-2030/plan/chapter-2.html#toc2

Federal Buildings Developing Government spending / Subsidy Fuel switching / Efficiency increase

Policy description: $4.4 billion on a cash basis to create the Canada Greener Homes Loan Program (2021). A portion will be used to make existing affordable housing more energy-efficient, which will help lower energy bills. An additional $458.5 million over the program duration, starting in 2022-23, to the Canada Mortgage and Housing Corporation to provide lower-interest loans and grants to low-income housing providers (2022).

Region: Federal

Sector: Buildings

Status: Developing

Type: Government spending / Subsidy

Mitigation: Fuel switching / Efficiency increase

Emissions / Actions covered: Increase efficiency and affordability of housing.

References: https://budget.gc.ca/2022/report-rapport/chap1-en.html#2022-1 https://www.nrcan.gc.ca/energy-efficiency/homes/canada-greener-homes-grant/canada-greener-homes-loan/24286 https://budget.gc.ca/2022/report-rapport/chap3-en.html#2022-1

Federal Buildings Developed Government spending / Subsidy Fuel switching / Efficiency increase

Policy description: $33.2 million over five years, starting 2022-23, to Natural Resources Canada, including $6 million from the Green Infrastructure - Energy Efficient Buildings Program to implement a Greener Neighbourhoods Pilot Program in up to six community housing neighbourhoods to pilot the “Energiesprong” model in Canada.

Region: Federal

Sector: Buildings

Status: Developed

Type: Government spending / Subsidy

Mitigation: Fuel switching / Efficiency increase

Emissions / Actions covered: Implement Greener Neighbourhoods Pilot Program.

References: https://budget.gc.ca/2022/report-rapport/chap1-en.html#2022-1

Federal Buildings Announced Plan/Strategy Fuel switching / Efficiency increase

Policy description: Commitment to "ensure all new federal buildings are net-zero emissions and that major building retrofits are low-carbon." In 2030, "75% of domestic office new lease and lease renewal floor space will be in net-zero carbon, climate resilient buildings." Further, the government intends to support emerging clean technologies through federal procurement to reduce emissions from federal buildings.

Region: Federal

Sector: Buildings

Status: Announced

Type: Plan/Strategy

Mitigation: Fuel switching / Efficiency increase

Emissions / Actions covered: Increase energy efficiency and reduce combustion emissions associated with new and existing federal government buildings.

References: https://www.canada.ca/en/services/environment/weather/climatechange/climate-plan/climate-plan-overview/emissions-reduction-2030/plan.html https://www.canada.ca/en/treasury-board-secretariat/services/innovation/greening-government/strategy.html

Federal Buildings Announced Plan/Strategy Fuel switching / Efficiency increase

Policy description: Commitment to "launch a National Net-zero Emissions Building Strategy, which will chart a path to net-zero emissions from buildings by 2050 with ambitious milestones along the way" and "accelerate the development of the national net-zero emissions model building code for 2025 adoption." This strategy will require collaboration with provincial, territorial, and First Nations governments to support net-zero-emission new buildings and deep retrofits of the current building stock through a combination of incentives and updates to buildings codes.

Region: Federal

Sector: Buildings

Status: Announced

Type: Plan/Strategy

Mitigation: Fuel switching / Efficiency increase

Emissions / Actions covered: Increase energy efficiency and reduce combustion emissions associated with new and existing buildings.

References: https://liberal.ca/our-platform/a-retrofit-economy-that-cuts-pollution-and-creates-jobs/ https://pm.gc.ca/en/mandate-letters/2021/12/16/minister-natural-resources-mandate-letter https://www.nrcan.gc.ca/energy-efficiency/green-buildings/24572

Federal Buildings Developing Government spending / Subsidy Fuel switching / Efficiency increase

Policy description: Extend the 50% reduction of the general corporate and small business income tax rates for zero-emission technology manufacturers to include manufacturers of air-source heat pumps.

Region: Federal

Sector: Buildings

Status: Developing

Type: Government spending / Subsidy

Mitigation: Fuel switching / Efficiency increase

Emissions / Actions covered: Increase production of zero-emissions technologies such as heat pumps.

References: https://budget.gc.ca/2022/report-rapport/chap3-en.html#2022-1

Federal Buildings Developing Government spending / Subsidy Efficiency increase

Policy description: Developers who build highly affordable and energy-efficient units will be eligible to have a portion of their repayable loans converted to non-repayable loans.

Region: Federal

Sector: Buildings

Status: Developing

Type: Government spending / Subsidy

Mitigation: Efficiency increase

Emissions / Actions covered: Increase efficiency and affordability of housing.

References: https://budget.gc.ca/2022/report-rapport/chap1-en.html#2022-1

Federal Buildings Announced Government spending / Subsidy Fuel switching

Policy description: $250 million to help low-income homeowners replace heating oil to accelerate electrification in home heating.

Region: Federal

Sector: Buildings

Status: Announced

Type: Government spending / Subsidy

Mitigation: Fuel switching

Emissions / Actions covered: Help low-income homeowners replace heating oil with electricity.

References: https://liberal.ca/our-platform/a-retrofit-economy-that-cuts-pollution-and-creates-jobs/

Federal Buildings Developing Government spending / Subsidy Fuel switching / Efficiency increase

Policy description: Expand the accelerated tax deductions for business investments in clean energy equipment to include air-source heat pumps.

Region: Federal

Sector: Buildings

Status: Developing

Type: Government spending / Subsidy

Mitigation: Fuel switching / Efficiency increase

Emissions / Actions covered: Increase investments in clean energy equipment such as heat pumps.

References: https://budget.gc.ca/2022/report-rapport/chap3-en.html#2022-1

Federal Electricity Announced Regulation Fuel switching / Carbon capture and storage

Policy description: Commitment to achieve net-zero emissions from grid electricity generation by 2035. This may consist of switching to electricity generation from renewable or non-emitting energy sources or from offsetting emissions from electricity generation through carbon capture and storage (CCS) technology. The policy mechanisms that will be used to achieve this target have not yet been announced.

Region: Federal

Sector: Electricity

Status: Announced

Type: Regulation

Mitigation: Fuel switching / Carbon capture and storage

Emissions / Actions covered: All emission sources from GHG-emitting electricity generators that sell electricity to the grid.

References: https://climatechoices.ca/stronger-carbon-pricing-is-the-way-to-net-zero/ https://pm.gc.ca/en/mandate-letters/2021/12/16/minister-environment-and-climate-change-mandate-letter https://www.canada.ca/en/environment-climate-change/services/canadian-environmental-protection-act-registry/achieving-net-zero-emissions-electricity-generation-discussion-paper.html

Federal Electricity Developing Government spending / Subsidy System improvements

Policy description: $200 million to support new renewable power projects to expand Canada's portfolio of commercially viable resources.

Region: Federal

Sector: Electricity

Status: Developing

Type: Government spending / Subsidy

Mitigation: System improvements

Emissions / Actions covered: Support new renewable-power projects in Canada.

References: https://www.canada.ca/en/services/environment/weather/climatechange/climate-plan/climate-plan-overview/emissions-reduction-2030/plan/chapter-2.html#toc2

Federal Electricity Developing Government spending / Subsidy System improvements

Policy description: $2.4 million in 2022-23 to Natural Resources Canada to establish a Pan-Canadian Grid Council that would provide external advice in support of national and regional electricity planning.

Region: Federal

Sector: Electricity

Status: Developing

Type: Government spending / Subsidy

Mitigation: System improvements

Emissions / Actions covered: Establish a Pan-Canadian Grid Council to support national and regional electricity planning.

References: https://budget.gc.ca/2022/report-rapport/chap3-en.html#2022-1

Federal Electricity Developed Government spending / Subsidy Fuel switching

Policy description: $250 million over four years, starting in 2022-23, to Natural Resources Canada to support pre-development activities for clean electricity projects of national significance. Projects include inter-provincial electricity transmission projects and small modular reactors. The federal government is already advancing similar work on the Atlantic Loop and Prairie Link projects.

Region: Federal

Sector: Electricity

Status: Developed

Type: Government spending / Subsidy

Mitigation: Fuel switching

Emissions / Actions covered: Support pre-development activities for clean electricity projects.

References: https://budget.gc.ca/2022/report-rapport/chap3-en.html#2022-1

Federal Electricity Developing Government spending / Subsidy Fuel switching

Policy description: $25 million to support the Strategic Interties Predevelopment Program to allow regions to distribute abundant non-emitting power to regions with more emissions-intensive grids.

Region: Federal

Sector: Electricity

Status: Developing

Type: Government spending / Subsidy

Mitigation: Fuel switching

Emissions / Actions covered: Distribute abundant non-emitting power to regions with an emissions-intensive grid.

References: https://www.canada.ca/en/services/environment/weather/climatechange/climate-plan/climate-plan-overview/emissions-reduction-2030/plan/chapter-2.html#toc2+I32

Federal Electricity Developed Regulation Fuel switching

Policy description: Phase-out of traditional, unabated coal-fired electricity by 2030 through The Reduction of Carbon Dioxide Emissions for Coal-fired Generation of Electricity Generation Regulations. These regulations are intended to complement regulations reducing emissions from natural gas generators, as The Regulations Limiting Carbon Dioxide Emissions from Natural Gas-fired Generation of Electricity limits emissions from electricity generation from combustion of natural gas alone or with other fuels, except with coal.

Region: Federal

Sector: Electricity

Status: Developed

Type: Regulation

Mitigation: Fuel switching

Emissions / Actions covered: Combustion emissions from coal-fired electricity generation.

References: https://canlii.ca/t/8qzb https://www.canada.ca/en/services/environment/weather/climatechange/climate-plan/climate-plan-overview/emissions-reduction-2030/plan.html https://laws-lois.justice.gc.ca/eng/regulations/sor-2012-167/index.html https://laws-lois.justice.gc.ca/eng/regulations/SOR-2018-261/FullText.html

Federal Electricity Developed Regulation Fuel switching

Policy description: Regulations limiting the amount of CO2 emissions resulting from natural-gas-fired generation of electricity. These regulations apply to the combustion of natural gas alone or in conjunction with other fuels, except in conjunction with coal.

Region: Federal

Sector: Electricity

Status: Developed

Type: Regulation

Mitigation: Fuel switching

Emissions / Actions covered: Combustion emissions from natural-gas-fired electricity generation (whether natural gas is the sole fuel or whether it is mixed with other fuels, except coal).

References: https://canlii.ca/t/964g https://laws-lois.justice.gc.ca/eng/regulations/SOR-2018-261/FullText.html

Federal Electricity Developed Research and development Fuel switching

Policy description: The federal government is working with key stakeholders to develop and deploy small modular reactor (SMR) technology to reduce emissions within the electricity sector.

Region: Federal

Sector: Electricity

Status: Developed

Type: Research and development

Mitigation: Fuel switching

Emissions / Actions covered: Increase the generation of non-emitting electricity.

References: https://www.canada.ca/en/services/environment/weather/climatechange/climate-plan/climate-plan-overview/emissions-reduction-2030/plan.html https://smractionplan.ca/

Federal Electricity Developing Government spending / Subsidy System improvements

Policy description: $100 million to invest in demonstration and deployment of smart grid technologies and systems.

Region: Federal

Sector: Electricity

Status: Developing

Type: Government spending / Subsidy

Mitigation: System improvements

Emissions / Actions covered: Increase demonstration and deployment of smart grid technologies and systems.

References: https://www.canada.ca/en/services/environment/weather/climatechange/climate-plan/climate-plan-overview/emissions-reduction-2030/plan/chapter-2.html#toc2

Federal Electricity Developed Government spending / Subsidy Fuel switching

Policy description: $964 million over four years invested in renewable electricity generation. An additional $600 million will be invested in renewable electricity and grid modernization, and $250 million will be invested to support large clean electricity projects.

Region: Federal

Sector: Electricity

Status: Developed

Type: Government spending / Subsidy

Mitigation: Fuel switching

Emissions / Actions covered: Invest in renewable electricity generation and grid modernization.

References: https://www.budget.gc.ca/2021/home-accueil-en.html

Federal Industry Developing Research and development Carbon capture and storage

Policy description: A strategy to support the "development and deployment of CCUS technologies to mitigate GHG emissions from a range of industrial sectors."

Region: Federal

Sector: Industry

Status: Developing

Type: Research and development

Mitigation: Carbon capture and storage

Emissions / Actions covered: Advance development and deployment of carbon capture, utliization, and storage (CCUS) technology.

References: https://www.canada.ca/en/services/environment/weather/climatechange/climate-plan/climate-plan-overview/emissions-reduction-2030/plan.html https://www.nrcan.gc.ca/climate-change/canadas-green-future/carbon-capture-utilization-and-storage-strategy/23721

Federal Industry Developed Government spending / Subsidy Fuel switching

Policy description: The Government of Canada and Invest Alberta have each signed a memorandum of understanding (MOU) with Air Products Canada on potentially supporting the expansion of its hydrogen network and the transition to clean energy. The MOU involves a $1.3 billion net-zero hydrogen production investment. The Suncor and ATCO plant will become operational in 2028 and produce more than 300,000 tonnes of low-carbon hydrogen per year, of which 20% could be used in Alberta’s natural gas distribution system. Most of the remainder will be used by refineries. The Air Products project will come online in 2024 and produce 30 tonnes of liquid low-carbon hydrogen per day, which will be available for the merchant market. Air Products will further produce low-carbon hydrogen for refineries and electricity generation for its own operations and the grid.

Region: Federal

Sector: Industry

Status: Developed

Type: Government spending / Subsidy

Mitigation: Fuel switching

Emissions / Actions covered: Increase production of low-carbon hydrogen

References: https://www.canada.ca/en/innovation-science-economic-development/news/2021/06/government-collaboration-supporting-the-future-of-albertas-clean-hydrogen-sector.html

Federal Industry Developed Government spending / Subsidy Efficiency increase

Policy description: $194 million over five years, starting in 2022-23, to Natural Resources Canada to expand the Industrial Energy Management System program. Investment will support ISO 50001 certification, energy managers, cohort-based training, audits, and retrofits focused on energy efficiency for key small-to-moderate-sized projects that fill a gap in the federal suite of industrial programming.

Region: Federal

Sector: Industry

Status: Developed

Type: Government spending / Subsidy

Mitigation: Efficiency increase

Emissions / Actions covered: Expand the Industrial Energy Management System program.

References: https://budget.gc.ca/2022/report-rapport/chap3-en.html#2022-1

Federal Industry Developed Research and development Various

Policy description: $3 billion over five years for the Net Zero Accelerator, which provides funding for development and adoption of low-carbon technologies in all industrial sectors. Additional $5 billion over seven years for the Net Zero Accelerator.

Region: Federal

Sector: Industry

Status: Developed

Type: Research and development

Mitigation: Various

Emissions / Actions covered: Support development and adoption of low-carbon technologies in industrial sectors.

References: https://www.budget.gc.ca/2021/home-accueil-en.html https://www.canada.ca/en/services/environment/weather/climatechange/climate-plan/climate-plan-overview/emissions-reduction-2030/plan/chapter-2.html#toc2

Federal Industry Developed Carbon pricing / Tradable performance standard Various

Policy description: The Output-Based Pricing System (OBPS), implemented through The Greenhouse Gas Pollution Pricing Act, is a tradable emissions performance standard that sets a price for industrial emissions if a facility's emissions intensity exceeds their sectoral benchmark. The federal OBPS is a backstop policy that applies this performance standard in provinces and territories that don't have an equally stringent system. These provinces and territories are Manitoba, Prince Edward Island, Yukon, Nunavut, and partially Saskatchewan. The OBPS carbon price will annually increase by $15/tCO2e until it reaches $170/tCO2e in 2030. As well, sectoral OBPS benchmarks will annually increase in stringency by two percentage points starting in 2023. Electricity benchmarks will not be increased in stringency, as the federal government intends to address this sector's emission intensity through a clean electricity standard.

Region: Federal

Sector: Industry

Status: Developed

Type: Carbon pricing / Tradable performance standard

Mitigation: Various

Emissions / Actions covered: Industrial facilities emitting more than 50 kt of CO2e annually in provinces that don't have an equally stringent performance standard or carbon price for industrial emitters.

References: https://canlii.ca/t/9lr7 https://www.canada.ca/en/environment-climate-change/services/climate-change/pricing-pollution-how-it-will-work/output-based-pricing-system/2022-review-consultation.html https://laws-lois.justice.gc.ca/eng/acts/g-11.55/index.html https://gazette.gc.ca/rp-pr/p2/2021/2021-09-01/html/sor-dors195-eng.html

Federal Industry Developed Government spending / Subsidy Fuel switching

Policy description: $30 million over two years, starting in 2022-23, to Environment and Climate Change Canada to administer direct payments to support emissions-intensive trade-exposed small and medium-sized enterprises (SMEs) in backstop jurisdictions. $1.5 billion in fuel charge proceeds collected between 2020-21 and 2022-23 from the price on pollution will be returned to SMEs through new federal programming in backstop jurisdictions. The program will also be used to return outstanding 2019-20 fuel charge proceeds, amounting to approximately $120 million, that have not already been returned through the Climate Action Incentive Fund.

Region: Federal

Sector: Industry

Status: Developed

Type: Government spending / Subsidy

Mitigation: Fuel switching

Emissions / Actions covered: Support emissions-intensive trade-exposed small- and medium sized enterprises in backstop jurisdictions.

References: https://budget.gc.ca/2022/report-rapport/chap3-en.html#2022-1

Federal Industry Developed Government spending / Subsidy System improvements

Policy description: Two major steel companies in Ontario, ArcelorMittal and Algoma, announced that they will upgrade their steel plants, which will result in greenhouse gas reductions of about 3 megatonnes in each plant. The ArcelorMittal plant involves a joint investment with the Government of Canada of $1.765 billion in decarbonization technologies at ArcelorMittal Dofasco’s plant in Hamilton. The Government of Canada committed up to $420 million in Algoma Steel's Transformation Plan for Green Steel.

Region: Federal

Sector: Industry

Status: Developed

Type: Government spending / Subsidy

Mitigation: System improvements

Emissions / Actions covered: Emissions from steel production.

References: https://www.canada.ca/en/innovation-science-economic-development/news/2021/07/government-investing-in-hamiltons-steel-industry-to-support-good-jobs-and-significantly-reduce-emissions.html https://corporate.arcelormittal.com/media/press-releases/arcelormittal-and-the-government-of-canada-announce-investment-of-cad-1-765-billion-in-decarbonization-technologies-in-canada https://algoma.com/government-of-canada-endorses-algoma-steels-transformation-plan-for-green-steel-commitment-of-up-to-420-million/

Federal Multi-sectoral Announced Government spending / Subsidy Various

Policy description: $180 million Indigenous Leadership Fund to support climate action by Indigenous Peoples.

Region: Federal

Sector: Multi-sectoral

Status: Announced

Type: Government spending / Subsidy

Mitigation: Various

Emissions / Actions covered: Support climate action by Indigenous Peoples.

References: https://www.canada.ca/en/environment-climate-change/services/climate-change/low-carbon-economy-fund/what-is-lcef.html

Federal Multi-sectoral Developing Government spending / Subsidy Fuel switching / Efficiency increase

Policy description: $5 billion from Canada Infrastructure Bank (CIB) for clean power projects. $1.5 billion for zero-emission buses, $2.5 billion for low-carbon power projects, including storage, transmission and renewables, over three years, and $2 billion for commercial building retrofit upfront costs.

Region: Federal

Sector: Multi-sectoral

Status: Developing

Type: Government spending / Subsidy

Mitigation: Fuel switching / Efficiency increase

Emissions / Actions covered: Support/increase clean power projects.

References: https://www.canada.ca/en/services/environment/weather/climatechange/climate-plan/climate-plan-overview/emissions-reduction-2030/plan/chapter-2.html#toc2

Federal Multi-sectoral Developed Government spending / Subsidy Fuel switching

Policy description: $67.2 million of funding "over seven years, starting in 2021-22, with $0.05 million in remaining amortization, to Environment and Climate Change Canada" to implement and administer the Clean Fuel Standard to support Canada's biofuel producers, such as foresters and farmers. This fuels standard is expected to reduce Canadian greenhouse gas emissions by over 20 MT in 2030.

Region: Federal

Sector: Multi-sectoral

Status: Developed

Type: Government spending / Subsidy

Mitigation: Fuel switching

Emissions / Actions covered: Reduce emissions from fuels.

References: https://canlii.ca/t/bgm2 https://www.budget.gc.ca/2021/report-rapport/p2-en.html#chap5

Federal Multi-sectoral Developed Government spending / Subsidy Fuel switching

Policy description: $1.5 billion over five years to establish a Clean Fuels Fund that will de-risk the capital investment required to build new or expand existing clean fuel production facilities (including facility conversions). $67.4 million of funding "over seven years, starting in 2021-22, with $5.6 million in remaining amortization and $10.7 million ongoing, for Measurement Canada to ensure that commercial transactions of low-carbon fuels are measured accurately just as they are for conventional fuels."

Region: Federal

Sector: Multi-sectoral

Status: Developed

Type: Government spending / Subsidy

Mitigation: Fuel switching

Emissions / Actions covered: Expand clean fuel production.

References: https://www.nrcan.gc.ca/climate-change-adapting-impacts-and-reducing-emissions/canadas-green-future/clean-fuels-fund/23734 https://www.budget.gc.ca/2021/report-rapport/p2-en.html#chap5

Federal Multi-sectoral Developing Research and development Various

Policy description: $155 million to invest in clean technology research, development, and demonstration in the Canadian energy, mining, and forestry sectors.

Region: Federal

Sector: Multi-sectoral

Status: Developing

Type: Research and development

Mitigation: Various

Emissions / Actions covered: Advance research and development of clean technologies.

References: https://www.canada.ca/en/services/environment/weather/climatechange/climate-plan/climate-plan-overview/emissions-reduction-2030/plan/chapter-2.html#toc2 https://www.canada.ca/en/natural-resources-canada/news/2022/03/government-of-canada-supports-emerging-clean-technologies-at-globe-forum-2022.html

Federal Multi-sectoral Developed Government spending / Subsidy Various

Policy description: $1 billion of funding "available on a cash basis, over five years, starting in 2021-22, to help draw in private sector investment" for large-scale clean technology projects. This funding will support Canadian clean tech companies in "commercial scale-up, export, and industry adoption" of clean tech.

Region: Federal

Sector: Multi-sectoral

Status: Developed

Type: Government spending / Subsidy

Mitigation: Various

Emissions / Actions covered: Support clean technology projects.

References: https://www.budget.gc.ca/2021/report-rapport/p2-en.html#chap5

Federal Multi-sectoral Developed Government spending / Subsidy Various

Policy description: $35 million of funding, in partnership with the Government of B.C., "to help establish the Centre for Innovation and Clean Energy to advance the scale-up and commercialization of clean technologies in B.C. and across Canada."

Region: Federal

Sector: Multi-sectoral

Status: Developed

Type: Government spending / Subsidy

Mitigation: Various

Emissions / Actions covered: Advance scale-up and commercialization of clean technologies.

References: https://www.budget.gc.ca/2021/report-rapport/p2-en.html#chap5

Federal Multi-sectoral Developed Research and development Various

Policy description: Up to $206 million over five years to support Canadian-made projects that help reduce Canada's GHG emissions. Designed to support projects that can create middle-class jobs for Canadians who work in science and technology, in academia, and at the grassroots community level.

Region: Federal

Sector: Multi-sectoral

Status: Developed

Type: Research and development

Mitigation: Various

Emissions / Actions covered: Support/increase employment related to emissions reductions.

References: https://www.canada.ca/en/services/environment/weather/climatechange/funding-programs/climate-action-awareness-fund.html

Federal Multi-sectoral Developing Government spending / Subsidy Various

Policy description: $55 million fund over three years to support communities to develop local plans that identify high-potential growth organizations and connect employers with training providers to develop and deliver training/work placements to upskill and reskill job seekers to fill jobs in demand. Part of the funding will focus on decarbonization and sustainable jobs for workers in transforming sectors like energy.

Region: Federal

Sector: Multi-sectoral

Status: Developing

Type: Government spending / Subsidy

Mitigation: Various

Emissions / Actions covered: Prepare Canadian workforce for changing labour market.

References: https://www.canada.ca/en/services/environment/weather/climatechange/climate-plan/climate-plan-overview/emissions-reduction-2030/plan/chapter-2.html#toc2

Federal Multi-sectoral Developed Research and development Carbon capture and storage

Policy description: $319 million investment over seven years, starting in 2021-22, to fund research, development, and demonstrations to advance the commercial viability of CCUS technologies through the carbon capture, utilization, and storage stream.

Region: Federal

Sector: Multi-sectoral

Status: Developed

Type: Research and development

Mitigation: Carbon capture and storage

Emissions / Actions covered: Advance viability of carbon capture, utilization, and storage (CCUS) technologies.

References: https://www.budget.gc.ca/2021/report-rapport/p2-en.html#chap5 https://www.canada.ca/en/services/environment/weather/climatechange/climate-plan/climate-plan-overview/emissions-reduction-2030/plan/chapter-2.html#toc2 https://www.nrcan.gc.ca/science-and-data/funding-partnerships/funding-opportunities/funding-grants-incentives/energy-innovation-program/energy-innovation-program-carbon-capture-utilization-and-storage-stream/23815

Federal Multi-sectoral Developed Government spending / Subsidy Fuel switching

Policy description: $9.6 million of funding "over three years, starting in 2021-22, to create a Critical Battery Minerals Centre of Excellence at Natural Resources Canada" to "coordinate federal policy and programs on critical minerals, and work with provincial, territorial, and other partners.". $36.8 million investment "over three years, starting in 2021-22, with $10.9 million in remaining amortization, to Natural Resources Canada, for federal research and development to advance critical battery mineral processing and refining expertise.".

Region: Federal

Sector: Multi-sectoral

Status: Developed

Type: Government spending / Subsidy

Mitigation: Fuel switching

Emissions / Actions covered: Advance research on critical minerals.

References: https://www.budget.gc.ca/2021/report-rapport/p2-en.html#chap5

Federal Multi-sectoral Developed Carbon pricing Various

Policy description: The federal fuel charge, implemented through The Greenhouse Gas Pollution Pricing Act, will be annually increased by $15/tCO2e after 2022 until the tax reaches $170/tCO2e in 2030 and stays constant at that level thereafter. The federal fuel charge is a backstop policy that applies a tax on fossil fuels in provinces that don't have an equally stringent carbon pricing system. These provinces and territories are Ontario, Manitoba, Alberta, Saskatchewan, Yukon and Nunavut. Fuel charge proceeds are returned to households through Canadians' Climate Action Incentive payments on a quarterly basis, starting in 2022. A portion of the proceeds collected through this tax will be returned directly to farmers in backstop provinces, including, Saskatchewan, Manitoba, and Ontario.

Region: Federal

Sector: Multi-sectoral

Status: Developed

Type: Carbon pricing

Mitigation: Various

Emissions / Actions covered: Combustion emissions from all sectors, except emissions-intensive trade-exposed industries, in provinces that don't have an equally stringent charge.

References: https://canlii.ca/t/97dt https://www.canada.ca/en/environment-climate-change/services/climate-change/pricing-pollution-how-it-will-work/carbon-pollution-pricing-federal-benchmark-information.html https://www.canada.ca/en/environment-climate-change/services/climate-change/pricing-pollution-how-it-will-work/putting-price-on-carbon-pollution.html https://www.budget.gc.ca/2021/report-rapport/p2-en.html#chap5 https://laws-lois.justice.gc.ca/eng/acts/g-11.55/index.html

Federal Multi-sectoral Developing Government spending / Subsidy Various

Policy description: $72.7 million per year to identify emerging skills and workforce trends and to ensure that Canada's skills development policies and programs evolve to align with a rapidly changing labour market.

Region: Federal

Sector: Multi-sectoral

Status: Developing

Type: Government spending / Subsidy

Mitigation: Various

Emissions / Actions covered: Prepare Canadian workforce for changing labour market.

References: https://www.canada.ca/en/services/environment/weather/climatechange/climate-plan/climate-plan-overview/emissions-reduction-2030/plan/chapter-2.html#toc2

Federal Multi-sectoral Developing Government spending / Subsidy System improvements

Policy description: Public Services and Procurement Canada will develop new tools, guidelines, and targets to support the adoption of green procurement across the federal government.

Region: Federal

Sector: Multi-sectoral

Status: Developing

Type: Government spending / Subsidy

Mitigation: System improvements

Emissions / Actions covered: Increase adoption of green procurement across federal government.

References: https://budget.gc.ca/2022/report-rapport/chap3-en.html#2022-1

Federal Multi-sectoral Developed Government spending / Subsidy Various

Policy description: $29.6 million over three years, starting in 2022-23, to Crown-Indigenous Relations and Northern Affairs Canada to support the co-development of an Indigenous Climate Leadership Agenda to support self-determined action in addressing Indigenous Peoples' climate priorities. The funding will also support the phased implementation of distinctions-based climate strategies.

Region: Federal

Sector: Multi-sectoral

Status: Developed

Type: Government spending / Subsidy

Mitigation: Various

Emissions / Actions covered: Support co-development of Indigenous Climate Leadership Agenda.

References: https://budget.gc.ca/2022/report-rapport/chap7-en.html#2022-3

Federal Multi-sectoral Developed Government spending / Subsidy Various

Policy description: $36.2 million of funding "over five years, starting in 2021-22, to Environment and Climate Change Canada to develop and apply a climate lens that ensures climate considerations are integrated throughout federal government decision-making. This includes resources to increase economic and emissions modelling capacity.".

Region: Federal

Sector: Multi-sectoral

Status: Developed

Type: Government spending / Subsidy

Mitigation: Various

Emissions / Actions covered: Ensure climate considerations are integrated throughout federal government decision-making.

References: https://www.budget.gc.ca/2021/report-rapport/p2-en.html#chap5

Federal Multi-sectoral Developed Research and development Various

Policy description: $21.3 million of funding "over five years, starting in 2021-22, and $4.3 million per year ongoing, to Global Affairs Canada for the continuation of the International Business Development Strategy for Clean Technology.".

Region: Federal

Sector: Multi-sectoral

Status: Developed

Type: Research and development

Mitigation: Various

Emissions / Actions covered: Support clean technology development.

References: https://www.budget.gc.ca/2021/report-rapport/p2-en.html#chap4

Federal Multi-sectoral Developed Government spending / Subsidy Carbon capture and storage

Policy description: Investment tax credit for capital investments in carbon capture, utilization, and storage (CCUS). The target of this measure is to reduce emissions by at least 15 MtCO2e per year. $2.6 billion dollars will be invested in direct air capture (DAC) and CCUS between 2022 and 2026, and $1.5 billion will be invested annually from 2027 to 2030. Tax credit of 50% of upfront costs for CCUS, 60% for DAC, and 37.5% for related transportation infrastructure.

Region: Federal

Sector: Multi-sectoral

Status: Developed

Type: Government spending / Subsidy

Mitigation: Carbon capture and storage

Emissions / Actions covered: Reduce emissions through carbon capture, utilization, and storage (CCUS).

References: https://www.budget.gc.ca/2021/report-rapport/p2-en.html#chap5 https://budget.gc.ca/2022/report-rapport/chap3-en.html#wb-cont https://www.ey.com/en_gl/tax-alerts/canada-status-of-proposed-federal-investment-tax-credit-for-caarbon-capture-utilization-and-storage

Federal Multi-sectoral Developed Government spending / Subsidy Various

Policy description: $2.2 billion over seven years, starting in 2022-23, to Environment and Climate Change Canada to expand and extend the Low Carbon Economy Fund (LCEF). The LCEF supports projects that help reduce Canada's GHG emissions, generate clean growth, build resilient communities, and create good jobs for Canadians. The LCEF contains two main streams: The Low Carbon Economy Leadership Fund: $1.4 billion to provinces and territories that have adopted the Framework to reduce emissions, build resilient communities, and generate good jobs for Canadian. The Low Carbon Economy Challenge: $500 million in funding for GHG-emission-reducing projects. Recipients include provinces, territories, businesses, municipalities, not-for-profits, and Indigenous communities and organizations.

Region: Federal

Sector: Multi-sectoral

Status: Developed

Type: Government spending / Subsidy

Mitigation: Various

Emissions / Actions covered: Support projects that help reduce GHG emissions, generate clean growth, build resilient communities, and create good jobs.

References: https://budget.gc.ca/2022/report-rapport/chap3-en.html#2022-1 https://www.canada.ca/en/environment-climate-change/services/climate-change/low-carbon-economy-fund/what-is-lcef.html

Federal Multi-sectoral Developed Government spending / Subsidy Carbon sequestration

Policy description: $60 million over two years, from the Nature Smart Climate Solutions Fund, to target protection of existing wetlands/trees on farms, including through a reverse auction pilot program. $780 million over five years, starting in 2022-23, to Environment and Climate Change Canada to expand the Nature Smart Climate Solutions Fund.

Region: Federal

Sector: Multi-sectoral

Status: Developed

Type: Government spending / Subsidy

Mitigation: Carbon sequestration

Emissions / Actions covered: Protect existing wetlands/trees on farms and expand Nature Smart Climate Solutions Fund.

References: https://www.budget.gc.ca/2021/report-rapport/p2-en.html#chap5 https://budget.gc.ca/2022/report-rapport/chap3-en.html#2022-1 https://www.canada.ca/en/environment-climate-change/services/environmental-funding/programs/nature-smart-climate-solutions-fund.html

Federal Multi-sectoral Developing Government spending / Subsidy Fuel switching

Policy description: $300 million over five years to ensure rural, remote, and Indigenous communities that currently rely on diesel have the opportunity to be powered by clean, reliable energy.

Region: Federal

Sector: Multi-sectoral

Status: Developing

Type: Government spending / Subsidy

Mitigation: Fuel switching

Emissions / Actions covered: Increase opportunities for rural, remote, and Indigenous communities to use clean and reliable energy.

References: https://www.canada.ca/en/services/environment/weather/climatechange/climate-plan/climate-plan-overview/emissions-reduction-2030/plan/chapter-2.html#toc2 https://www.rcaanc-cirnac.gc.ca/eng/1481305379258/1594737453888

Federal Multi-sectoral Developing Government spending / Subsidy Various

Policy description: $25 million starting in 2022-23, to Natural Resources Canada to establish Regional Strategic Initiatives to work with provinces, territories, and relevant stakeholders to develop net-zero energy plans.

Region: Federal

Sector: Multi-sectoral

Status: Developing

Type: Government spending / Subsidy

Mitigation: Various

Emissions / Actions covered: Develop net-zero energy plans.

References: https://budget.gc.ca/2022/report-rapport/chap3-en.html#2022-1

Federal Multi-sectoral Developing Government spending / Subsidy Various

Policy description: $960 million over three years to design and deliver training to prepare the workforce for a net-zero emissions economy. Portion of funding allocated to clean energy sector businesses, organizations, and jobs.

Region: Federal

Sector: Multi-sectoral

Status: Developing

Type: Government spending / Subsidy

Mitigation: Various

Emissions / Actions covered: Prepare Canadian workforce for changing labour market.

References: https://www.canada.ca/en/services/environment/weather/climatechange/climate-plan/climate-plan-overview/emissions-reduction-2030/plan/chapter-2.html#toc2

Federal Multi-sectoral Developing Government spending / Subsidy Various

Policy description: $298 million over three years to help create 90,000 job-training opportunities for foundational and transferable skills training.

Region: Federal

Sector: Multi-sectoral

Status: Developing

Type: Government spending / Subsidy

Mitigation: Various

Emissions / Actions covered: Prepare Canadian workforce for changing labour market.

References: https://www.canada.ca/en/services/environment/weather/climatechange/climate-plan/climate-plan-overview/emissions-reduction-2030/plan/chapter-2.html#toc2

Federal Multi-sectoral Developed Government spending / Subsidy Fuel switching

Policy description: $120.6 million over five years, starting in 2022-23, and $0.5 million ongoing as follows: $69.9 million for Natural Resources Canada to undertake research to minimize waste generated from reactors, support the creation of a fuel supply chain, strengthen international nuclear cooperation agreements, and enhance domestic safety and security policies and practices, and $50.7 million and $0.5 million ongoing, for the Canadian Nuclear Safety Commission to build the capacity to regulate small modular reactors and work with international partners on global regulatory harmonization.

Region: Federal

Sector: Multi-sectoral

Status: Developed

Type: Government spending / Subsidy

Mitigation: Fuel switching

Emissions / Actions covered: Support expansion of small modular reactors.

References: https://budget.gc.ca/2022/report-rapport/chap3-en.html#2022-1

Federal Multi-sectoral Developed Government spending / Subsidy Various

Policy description: $94.4 million of funding "over five years, starting in 2021-22, to Environment and Climate Change Canada to increase domestic and international capacity and action to address climate change, enhance clean tech policy capacity, including in support of the Clean Growth Hub, and to fund reporting requirements under the Canadian Net-Zero Emissions Accountability Act," which was established in 2020.

Region: Federal

Sector: Multi-sectoral

Status: Developed

Type: Government spending / Subsidy

Mitigation: Various

Emissions / Actions covered: Strengthen domestic and international capacity/action to address climate change.

References: https://www.budget.gc.ca/2021/report-rapport/p2-en.html#chap5

Federal Multi-sectoral Developed Government spending / Subsidy Fuel switching

Policy description: $40.4 million of funding over three years, starting in 2021-22, to "support feasibility and planning of hydroelectricity and grid interconnection projects in the North. This funding could advance projects, such as the Atlin Hydro Expansion Project in Yukon and the Kivalliq HydroFibre Link Project in Nunavut. Projects will provide clean power to northern communities and help reduce emissions from mining projects." $36 million of funding over three years, starting in 2021-22, through "the Strategic Partnerships Initiative, to build capacity for local, economically-sustainable clean energy projects in First Nations, Inuit, and Métis communities and support economic development opportunities." $25 million of funding, in 2021-22, "to the Government of Yukon to support its climate change priorities, in collaboration with Crown-Indigenous Relations and Northern Affairs Canada and Environment and Climate Change Canada." $32.3 million investment over two years, starting in 2022-23, from the expanded Low Carbon Economy Fund to support the Atlin Hydro Expansion project in British Columbia, which will provide clean electricity to the Yukon and help reduce greenhouse gas emissions. The federal government has previously committed $83.9 million to this project.

Region: Federal

Sector: Multi-sectoral

Status: Developed

Type: Government spending / Subsidy

Mitigation: Fuel switching

Emissions / Actions covered: Support emissions reductions in Northern Canadian communities.

References: https://www.budget.gc.ca/2021/report-rapport/p2-en.html#chap5 https://budget.gc.ca/2022/report-rapport/chap3-en.html#2022-1

Federal Multi-sectoral Developing Government spending / Subsidy Fuel switching

Policy description: $185 million to support workers and communities affected by the phase-out of coal. $35 million for the Canada Coal Transition Initiative focused on skills development and economic diversification. $150 million dedicated for infrastructure.

Region: Federal

Sector: Multi-sectoral

Status: Developing

Type: Government spending / Subsidy

Mitigation: Fuel switching

Emissions / Actions covered: Support workers and communities affected by the phase-out of coal.

References: https://www.canada.ca/en/services/environment/weather/climatechange/climate-plan/climate-plan-overview/emissions-reduction-2030/plan/chapter-2.html#toc2

Federal Multi-sectoral Developing Research and development Various

Policy description: $750 million over five years to support startups and to scale-up companies to enable pre-commercial clean technologies to demonstrate feasibility of pre-commercial clean technologies and enable early commercialization efforts.

Region: Federal

Sector: Multi-sectoral

Status: Developing

Type: Research and development

Mitigation: Various

Emissions / Actions covered: Support clean technology startups.

References: https://www.canada.ca/en/services/environment/weather/climatechange/climate-plan/climate-plan-overview/emissions-reduction-2030/plan/chapter-2.html#toc2

Federal Multi-sectoral Developing Government spending / Subsidy Fuel switching

Policy description: Investment tax credit of up to 30%, focused on net-zero technologies, battery storage solutions, and clean hydrogen.

Region: Federal

Sector: Multi-sectoral

Status: Developing

Type: Government spending / Subsidy

Mitigation: Fuel switching

Emissions / Actions covered: Support technologies that reduce emissions.

References: https://www.budget.gc.ca/2021/report-rapport/p2-en.html#chap5 https://budget.gc.ca/2022/report-rapport/chap3-en.html#2022-1 https://www.budget.gc.ca/fes-eea/2022/report-rapport/FES-EEA-2022-en.pdf

Federal Multi-sectoral Developed Government spending / Subsidy Fuel switching

Policy description: $104.6 million of funding "over five years, starting in 2021–22, with $2.8 million in remaining amortization, to Environment and Climate Change Canada to strengthen regulations on greenhouse gas emissions for light- and heavy-duty vehicles and off-road residential equipment, establish national methane regulations for large landfills, and undertake additional actions to reduce and better use waste at these sites."

Region: Federal

Sector: Multi-sectoral

Status: Developed

Type: Government spending / Subsidy

Mitigation: Fuel switching

Emissions / Actions covered: Strengthen regulations governing GHG emissions

References: https://www.budget.gc.ca/2021/report-rapport/p2-en.html#chap5

Federal Oil and gas Announced Plan/Strategy System improvements

Policy description: Commitment to implement regulations that will reduce methane emissions from the oil and gas sector by at least 75% below 2012 levels by 2030. This builds on the federal government's current methane regulations, which seek to reduce methane emissions in the upstream oil and gas sector 40% to 45% below 2012 levels by 2025.

Region: Federal

Sector: Oil and gas

Status: Announced

Type: Plan/Strategy

Mitigation: System improvements

Emissions / Actions covered: Combustion methane emissions from oil and gas production.

References: https://www.canada.ca/en/environment-climate-change/news/2021/10/canada-confirms-its-support-for-the-global-methane-pledge-and-announces-ambitious-domestic-actions-to-slash-methane-emissions.html https://laws-lois.justice.gc.ca/eng/regulations/SOR-2018-66/page-1.html#h-858529 https://www.canada.ca/en/environment-climate-change/services/canadian-environmental-protection-act-registry/consultation-reducing-methane-emissions-oil-gas-sector.html

Federal Oil and gas Developing Government spending / Subsidy Fuel switching

Policy description: Eliminate the flow-through share regime for fossil fuel sector activities. This will be done by no longer allowing expenditures related to oil, gas, and coal exploration and development to be renounced to flow-through share investors for flow-through share agreements entered into after March 31, 2023.

Region: Federal

Sector: Oil and gas

Status: Developing

Type: Government spending / Subsidy

Mitigation: Fuel switching

Emissions / Actions covered: Prevent expenditures related to activities in the fossil fuel sector.

References: https://budget.gc.ca/2022/report-rapport/chap3-en.html#2022-1

Federal Oil and gas Announced Regulation Various

Policy description: The Prime Minister included the following statement in his December 2021 mandate letter to the Minister of Environment and Climate Change: "With the support of the Minister of Natural Resources, cap oil and gas sector emissions at current levels and ensure that the sector makes an ambitious and achievable contribution to meeting the country’s 2030 climate goals." In August 2022, the federal government released a discussion document seeking input on two potential regulatory approaches: 1. The development of a new cap-and-trade system under the Canadian Environmental Protection Act, 1999; and 2. The modification of existing carbon pollution pricing systems under the Greenhouse Gas Pollution Pricing Act. Additionally, the 2030 ERP modelled contribution from 31% reduction in emissions from the oil emissions by 31% from 2005 levels to reach 110 Mt CO2e in 2030.

Region: Federal

Sector: Oil and gas

Status: Announced

Type: Regulation

Mitigation: Various

Emissions / Actions covered: It is not yet clear if this will include upstream and/or downstream emissions, emissions from natural gas transmission pipelines and petroleum refineries, or combustion and direct non-combustion emissions.

References: https://www.canada.ca/en/services/environment/weather/climatechange/climate-plan/oil-gas-emissions-cap/options-discussion-paper.html https://pm.gc.ca/en/mandate-letters/2021/12/16/minister-environment-and-climate-change-mandate-letter https://laws-lois.justice.gc.ca/eng/regulations/SOR-2018-66/page-1.html#h-858529 https://www.canada.ca/en/services/environment/weather/climatechange/climate-plan/oil-gas-emissions-cap/options-discussion-paper.html#toc7

Federal Oil and gas Developing Government spending / Subsidy System improvements

Policy description: $675 million to help Canadian onshore oil and gas companies invest in green solutions to continue progress towards reducing methane emissions in the context of COVID-19.

Region: Federal

Sector: Oil and gas

Status: Developing

Type: Government spending / Subsidy

Mitigation: System improvements

Emissions / Actions covered: Reduce methane emissions.

References: https://www.canada.ca/en/services/environment/weather/climatechange/climate-plan/climate-plan-overview/emissions-reduction-2030/plan/chapter-2.html#toc2

Federal Oil and gas Developing Government spending / Subsidy Various

Policy description: $42 million to further position the offshore oil and gas sector as a leader in Canada's transition to a low-carbon future.

Region: Federal

Sector: Oil and gas

Status: Developing

Type: Government spending / Subsidy

Mitigation: Various

Emissions / Actions covered: Reduce emissions from offshore oil and gas industry.

References: https://www.canada.ca/en/services/environment/weather/climatechange/climate-plan/climate-plan-overview/emissions-reduction-2030/plan/chapter-2.html#toc2 https://www.nrcan.gc.ca/science-and-data/funding-partnerships/funding-opportunities/current-funding-opportunities/emissions-reduction-fund/offshore-deployment-program-emissions-reduction-fund/23114#intake-period

Federal Oil and gas Developing Research and development Various

Policy description: $33 million to support research, development, and demonstration projects that advance solutions to decarbonize the offshore oil and gas industry.

Region: Federal

Sector: Oil and gas

Status: Developing

Type: Research and development

Mitigation: Various

Emissions / Actions covered: Reduce emissions from offshore oil and gas industry.

References: https://www.canada.ca/en/services/environment/weather/climatechange/climate-plan/climate-plan-overview/emissions-reduction-2030/plan/chapter-2.html#toc2

Federal Oil and gas Developing Regulation Various

Policy description: Canada intends to expand coverage and increase the stringency of the methane reduction obligations in the existing federal oil and gas methane regulations. ECCC released a discussion paper in March 2022, which outlines two potential approaches: (1) building upon the current approach, via command-and-control regulation to specify technical solutions that must be implemented to reduce emissions from specific sources; or (2) moving to a performance-based approach, which would place greater emphasis on performance-based objectives, such as maximum emission levels or emission reduction targets.

Region: Federal

Sector: Oil and gas

Status: Developing

Type: Regulation

Mitigation: Various

Emissions / Actions covered: Combustion methane emissions from oil and gas production.

References: https://www.canada.ca/en/environment-climate-change/news/2021/10/canada-confirms-its-support-for-the-global-methane-pledge-and-announces-ambitious-domestic-actions-to-slash-methane-emissions.html https://laws-lois.justice.gc.ca/eng/regulations/SOR-2018-66/page-1.html#h-858529 https://www.canada.ca/en/environment-climate-change/services/canadian-environmental-protection-act-registry/consultation-reducing-methane-emissions-oil-gas-sector.html

Federal Transportation Developed Tradable performance standard Fuel switching

Policy description: Performance-based fuel supply standard requiring primary suppliers (i.e., producers and importers) of gasoline and diesel to achieve at 3.5 gCO2e/MJ reduction in the lifecycle carbon intensity (CI) of their fuels from 2016 CI levels by 2023 and a 14 gCO2e/MJ reduction by 2030. The Clean Fuel Regulations (CFR) also create a credit-based compliance market that allows regulated liquid fuel suppliers and voluntary credit generators to trade compliance credits. At the end of each compliance period, regulated suppliers must present sufficient credits to comply with the reduction requirement. Credits can be produced by: • Reducing the CI of their fuel throughout its lifecycle, • Supplying low-carbon fuels (i.e., blending low-carbon fuels such as ethanol into the liquid stream), and/or • Supplying fuel and energy for end-use fuel switching in transport.

Region: Federal

Sector: Transportation

Status: Developed

Type: Tradable performance standard

Mitigation: Fuel switching

Emissions / Actions covered: Emissions Reduction Fund - Offshore RD&D Program

References: https://canlii.ca/t/bgm2 http://www.gazette.gc.ca/rp-pr/p1/2020/2020-12-19/html/reg2-eng.html https://www.canada.ca/en/services/environment/weather/climatechange/climate-plan/climate-plan-overview/actions-healthy-environment-economy.html https://pollution-waste.canada.ca/environmental-protection-registry/regulations/view?Id=1170

Federal Transportation Developed Government spending / Subsidy Fuel switching

Policy description: $199.6 million over five years, starting in 2022-23, and $0.4 million ongoing, to Natural Resources Canada to expand the Green Freight Assessment Program, which will be renamed the Green Freight Program. This will support assessments and retrofits of more vehicles and a greater diversity of fleet and vehicle types.

Region: Federal

Sector: Transportation

Status: Developed

Type: Government spending / Subsidy

Mitigation: Fuel switching

Emissions / Actions covered: Reduce emissions from freight.

References: https://budget.gc.ca/2022/report-rapport/chap3-en.html#2022-1

Federal Transportation Developed Government spending / Subsidy Fuel switching

Policy description: $2.2 million over five years, starting in 2022-23, to Natural Resources Canada to renew the Greening Government Operations Fleet Program, which will continue to conduct readiness assessments of federal buildings required to facilitate the transition of the federal vehicle fleet to zero-emission vehicles.

Region: Federal

Sector: Transportation

Status: Developed

Type: Government spending / Subsidy

Mitigation: Fuel switching

Emissions / Actions covered: Increase the use of ZEVs.

References: https://budget.gc.ca/2022/report-rapport/chap3-en.html#2022-1 https://www.nrcan.gc.ca/energy-efficiency/buildings/nrcans-greening-government-services/federal-vehicles-fleets/20053

Federal Transportation Developed Government spending / Subsidy Fuel switching

Policy description: $547.5 million over four years, starting in 2022-23, to Transport Canada to launch a new purchase inventive program for medium- and heavy-duty zero-emission vehicles.

Region: Federal

Sector: Transportation

Status: Developed

Type: Government spending / Subsidy

Mitigation: Fuel switching

Emissions / Actions covered: Increase the use of ZEVs.

References: https://budget.gc.ca/2022/report-rapport/chap3-en.html#2022-1 https://tc.canada.ca/en/road-transportation/innovative-technologies/zero-emission-vehicles/medium-heavy-duty-zero-emission-vehicles

Federal Transportation Announced Government spending / Subsidy Fuel switching / Efficiency increase

Policy description: $200 million to retrofit large trucks currently on the road to cut pollution now.

Region: Federal

Sector: Transportation

Status: Announced

Type: Government spending / Subsidy

Mitigation: Fuel switching / Efficiency increase

Emissions / Actions covered: Reduce emissions from large trucks.

References: https://liberal.ca/our-platform/zero-emissions-vehicles/ https://www.canada.ca/en/environment-climate-change/services/canadian-environmental-protection-act-registry/heavy-duty-vehicle-engines-zero-emission-future-discussion-paper.html

Federal Transportation Developing Government spending / Subsidy Fuel switching

Policy description: $500 million from Canada Infrastructure Bank (CIB) for large-scale urban and commercial zero-emission vehicle (ZEV) charging and refuelling infrastructure. Canada Infrastructure Bank will support federal government with adding 50,000 ZEV charging infrastructure to Canada's network.

Region: Federal

Sector: Transportation

Status: Developing

Type: Government spending / Subsidy

Mitigation: Fuel switching

Emissions / Actions covered: Increase the use of ZEVs.

References: https://budget.gc.ca/2022/report-rapport/chap3-en.html#2022-1 https://cib-bic.ca/en/sectors/green-infrastructure/

Federal Transportation Developed Government spending / Subsidy Fuel switching

Policy description: $227.9 million of funding "over eight years, starting in 2023-24, to the Treasury Board Secretariat to implement a Low-Carbon Fuel Procurement Program within the Greening Government Fund" to support the development of "low-emission marine and aviation fuels." The intention of this spending is to encourage industry development of more clean fuels for federal domestic air and marine travel as federal procurement continues to "prioritize the use of lower carbon materials, fuels, and processes."

Region: Federal

Sector: Transportation

Status: Developed

Type: Government spending / Subsidy

Mitigation: Fuel switching

Emissions / Actions covered: Increase the development of low-emission marine and aviation fuels.

References: https://www.budget.gc.ca/2021/report-rapport/p2-en.html#chap5

Federal Transportation Developed Government spending / Subsidy Fuel switching

Policy description: $14.9 billion investment "over eight years, starting in 2021-22, for public transit projects across Canada," which will include "new permanent funding of $3 billion per year for communities across Canada, beginning in 2026-27" to support the development of "new subway lines, light-rail transit and streetcars, electric buses, active transportation infrastructure, and improved rural transit."

Region: Federal

Sector: Transportation

Status: Developed

Type: Government spending / Subsidy

Mitigation: Fuel switching

Emissions / Actions covered: Improve public transit.

References: https://www.budget.gc.ca/2021/report-rapport/p2-en.html#chap6 https://www.infrastructure.gc.ca/transit-transport/index-eng.html

Federal Transportation Developed Government spending / Subsidy Fuel switching

Policy description: $33.8 million over five years, starting in 2022-23, with $42.1 million in remaining amortization, to Transport Canada to work with provinces and territories to develop and harmonize regulations and to conduct safety testing for long-haul zero-emission trucks.

Region: Federal

Sector: Transportation

Status: Developed

Type: Government spending / Subsidy

Mitigation: Fuel switching

Emissions / Actions covered: Increase the use of long-haul zero-emission trucks.

References: https://budget.gc.ca/2022/report-rapport/chap3-en.html#2022-1

Federal Transportation Developing Government spending / Subsidy Fuel switching
Federal Transportation Developed Government spending / Subsidy Fuel switching

Policy description: $1.7 billion over five years, starting in 2022-23, with $0.8 million in remaining amortization, to Transport Canada to extend the Incentives for Zero-Emission Vehicles (iZEV) program until March 2025. Eligibility under the program will also be broadened to support the purchase of more vehicle models, including more vans, trucks, and SUVs, which will help make ZEVs more affordable. Rebate of up to $5,000 to offset the purchase price of a ZEV.

Region: Federal

Sector: Transportation

Status: Developed

Type: Government spending / Subsidy

Mitigation: Fuel switching

Emissions / Actions covered: Increase the use of ZEVs.

References: https://www.canada.ca/en/services/environment/weather/climatechange/climate-plan/climate-plan-overview/emissions-reduction-2030/plan/chapter-2.html#toc2 https://tc.canada.ca/en/road-transportation/innovative-technologies/zero-emission-vehicles/light-duty-zero-emission-vehicles/eligible-vehicles

Federal Transportation Developed Government spending / Subsidy Fuel switching

Policy description: $56.1 million of funding "over five years, starting in 2021-22, with $16.3 million in remaining amortization and $13 million per year ongoing, to Measurement Canada to develop and implement, in coordination with international partners such as the United States, a set of codes and standards for retail ZEV charging and fuelling stations. This would include accreditation and inspection frameworks needed to ensure the standards are adhered to at Canada’s vast network of charging and refuelling stations".

Region: Federal

Sector: Transportation

Status: Developed

Type: Government spending / Subsidy

Mitigation: Fuel switching

Emissions / Actions covered: Increase the use of ZEVs.

References: https://www.budget.gc.ca/2021/report-rapport/p2-en.html#chap5

Federal Transportation Developed Government spending / Subsidy Fuel switching

Policy description: $400 million over five years, starting in 2022-23, to Natural Resources Canada to fund the deployment of zero-emission vehicle (ZEV) charging infrastructure in suburban and remote communities through the Zero-Emissions Vehicle Infrastructure Program (ZEVIP).

Region: Federal

Sector: Transportation

Status: Developed

Type: Government spending / Subsidy

Mitigation: Fuel switching

Emissions / Actions covered: Increase the use of ZEVs.

References: https://budget.gc.ca/2022/report-rapport/chap3-en.html#2022-1

Federal Transportation Announced Regulation Fuel switching
Federal Transportation Announced Regulation Fuel switching

Policy description: In the Healthy Environment and Healthy Economy plan, the federal government announced its intent to "further improve the efficiency of heavy duty vehicles standards for post-2025 by aligning with the most stringent standards in North America – whether at the United States federal or state level." The federal government also expressed interest in developing an emissions standard for medium- and heavy-duty vehicles, similar to California’s, which is the currently most stringent standard for heavy-duty vehicles in North America.

Region: Federal

Sector: Transportation

Status: Announced

Type: Regulation

Mitigation: Fuel switching

Emissions / Actions covered: Combustion emissions from on-road medium- and heavy-duty vehicles (excluding transit buses).

References: https://www.canada.ca/content/dam/eccc/documents/pdf/climate-change/climate-plan/healthy_environment_healthy_economy_plan.pdf https://www.canada.ca/content/dam/eccc/documents/pdf/cepa/21199_HDV%20Discussion%20Document_Dec%2016_MinO%20Approved_Final_EN.pdf https://www.canada.ca/en/environment-climate-change/news/2021/12/government-launches-consultations-on-commitment-to-require-all-new-cars-sold-in-canada-be-zero-emission-by-2035.html https://ww2.arb.ca.gov/sites/default/files/barcu/regact/2019/zepcert/froattb.pdf https://globaldrivetozero.org/2021/11/09/landmark-commitment-at-cop26-countries-subnational-governments-vehicle-manufacturers-and-fleets-target-100-zero-emission-new-truck-and-bus-sales-by-2040-10-nov-2021/ Global Commercial Drive To Zero Program — Landmark commitment at COP26: Countries, subnational governments, vehicle manufacturers and fleets target 100% zero-emission new truck and bus sales by 2040 | 10 Nov 2021 (globaldrivetozero.org) https://ww2.arb.ca.gov/sites/default/files/barcu/regact/2019/act2019/fro2.pdf

Federal Transportation Announced Tradable performance standard Fuel switching

Policy description: Commitment to develop a zero-emission vehicle (ZEV) sales mandate for new light-duty, medium-duty, and heavy-duty vehicles, similar to those in California. The currently proposed mandatory sales targets for light-duty vehicles are at least 20% by 2026, 60% by 2030 and 100% in 2035. The current proposed target for medium-duty and heavy-duty vehicle sales is 35% ZEV sales by 2030 and 100% by 2040, in selected medium- and heavy-duty categories, based on feasibility. The prospect of adding additional interim targets and the mechanism for mandating the sales targets are still under discussion.

Region: Federal

Sector: Transportation

Status: Announced

Type: Tradable performance standard

Mitigation: Fuel switching

Emissions / Actions covered: Combustion emissions from light-duty, medium-duty, and heavy-duty vehicles.

References: https://www.canada.ca/en/environment-climate-change/news/2021/12/government-launches-consultations-on-commitment-to-require-all-new-cars-sold-in-canada-be-zero-emission-by-2035.html https://www.canada.ca/en/environment-climate-change/services/canadian-environmental-protection-act-registry/zero-emission-future-light-duty-vehicles.html http://www.legisquebec.gouv.qc.ca/en/document/cr/A-33.02,%20r.%201/ http://www2.publicationsduquebec.gouv.qc.ca/dynamicSearch/telecharge.php?type=1&file=105485.pdf https://tc.canada.ca/en/road-transportation/innovative-technologies/zero-emission-vehicles/canada-s-zero-emission-vehicle-zev-sales-targets

Federal Transportation Developing Government spending / Subsidy Fuel switching

Policy description: Businesses can receive a tax write-off of up to 100% when purchasing a zero-emission vehicle before 2024. The tax write-off rate declines to 75% in 2024, 25% in 2025, and 0% in 2028.

Region: Federal

Sector: Transportation

Status: Developing

Type: Government spending / Subsidy

Mitigation: Fuel switching

Emissions / Actions covered: Increase the use of ZEVs.

References: https://www.canada.ca/en/revenue-agency/services/tax/individuals/topics/about-your-tax-return/tax-return/completing-a-tax-return/deductions-credits-expenses/line-22900-other-employment-expenses/capital-cost-allowance/classes-depreciable-properties/zero-emission-vehicles.html https://tc.canada.ca/en/road-transportation/innovative-technologies/zero-emission-vehicles/incentives-purchasing-zero-emission-vehicles

Federal Waste Developing Government spending / Subsidy System improvements

Policy description: $20 million over five years to incentivize developing and deploying innovative new solutions to reduce food waste across the supply chain.

Region: Federal

Sector: Waste

Status: Developing

Type: Government spending / Subsidy

Mitigation: System improvements

Emissions / Actions covered: Reduce food waste.

References: https://www.canada.ca/en/services/environment/weather/climatechange/climate-plan/climate-plan-overview/emissions-reduction-2030/plan/chapter-2.html#toc2 https://www.canada.ca/en/agriculture-agri-food/news/2022/06/food-waste-reduction-challenge-finalists-for-the-business-models-streams.html

Federal Waste Announced Regulation Carbon capture and storage

Policy description: Commitment to "develop new federal regulations to increase the number of landfills that collect and treat their methane, and ensure that landfills already operating these systems make improvements to collect all they can." These new regulations are expected to reduce emissions by approximately 6 Mt annually by 2030.

Region: Federal

Sector: Waste

Status: Announced

Type: Regulation

Mitigation: Carbon capture and storage

Emissions / Actions covered: Non-combustion methane emissions from waste.

References: https://www.canada.ca/en/environment-climate-change/services/canadian-environmental-protection-act-registry/reducing-methane-emissions-canada-municipal-solid-waste-landfills-discussion.html

Federal Multi-sectoral Announced Government spending / Subsidy Various

Policy description: Budget 2022 announced the government’s intention to create the Canada Growth Fund (CGF)— to be capitalized with $15 billion. The Fall Economic Statement outlined the design, operations, and investment strategy of the CGF. The CGF will make investments that attract private sector investment in Canadian businesses and projects to help seize the opportunities provided by a net-zero economy. CGF investments will help meet the following national economic policy goals: 1. Reduce emissions and achieve Canada’s climate targets; 2. Accelerate the deployment of key technologies, such as low-carbon hydrogen and CCUS 3. Scale up companies that will create jobs, drive productivity and clean growth, and encourage the retention of intellectual property in Canada; and 4. Capitalize on Canada’s natural resources and strengthen critical supply chains to secure Canada’s future economic and environmental well-being

Region: Federal

Sector: Multi-sectoral

Status: Announced

Type: Government spending / Subsidy

Mitigation: Various

Emissions / Actions covered: Advance scale-up and commercialization of clean technologies.

References: https://www.budget.gc.ca/fes-eea/2022/doc/gf-fc-en.pdf https://www.budget.gc.ca/fes-eea/2022/report-rapport/FES-EEA-2022-en.pdf

Federal Industry Announced Government spending / Subsidy Fuel switching

Policy description: In Budget 2022, the government committed to establishing an investment tax credit to support investments in clean hydrogen production. Building on this commitment, the 2022 Fall Economic Statement outlined that the Department of Finance will consult with a broad group of stakeholders on how best to implement the tax credit. The proposed investment tax credit will be refundable, and available for eligible investments made as of the day of Budget 2023. The credit will be phased out after 2030. The lowest carbon intensity tier that meets all eligibility requirements will receive an investment tax credit of at least 40 per cent. If a company does not meet certain labour conditions, the maximum tax credit rate will be reduced by 10 percentage points to help incentivize companies to support and create good jobs.

Region: Federal

Sector: Industry

Status: Announced

Type: Government spending / Subsidy

Mitigation: Fuel switching

Emissions / Actions covered: Support investments in hydrogen

References: https://www.budget.gc.ca/fes-eea/2022/report-rapport/FES-EEA-2022-en.pdf

Federal Industry Announced Government spending / Subsidy Various

Policy description: In Budget 2022, the government proposed to provide up to $3.8 billion in support over eight years starting in 2022-23 to implement Canada’s first Critical Minerals Strategy. The government is committed to launch a strategy that will help advance the development of critical mineral resources and value chains that will power the green economy.

Region: Federal

Sector: Industry

Status: Announced

Type: Government spending / Subsidy

Mitigation: Various

Emissions / Actions covered: Support investments in critical minerals

References: https://www.budget.gc.ca/fes-eea/2022/report-rapport/FES-EEA-2022-en.pdf https://www.nrcan.gc.ca/climate-change-adapting-impacts-and-reducing-emissions/canadas-green-future/clean-growth-programs/20254

Federal Multi-sectoral Announced Government spending / Subsidy Various

Policy description: The 2022 Fall Economic Statement proposes to provide $250 million over five years, starting in 2023-24, to Employment and Social Development Canada to help ensure Canadian workers can thrive in a changing global economy. Specific measures include: 1. The Sustainable Jobs Training Centre: The Centre would bring together workers, unions, employers, and training institutions across the country to examine the skills of the labour force today, forecast future skills requirements, and develop curriculum, micro-credentials, and on-site learning 2. A new sustainable jobs stream under the Union Training and Innovation Program: The Union Training and Innovation Program supports union-based apprenticeship training in the skilled trades. Funded projects through this stream would support unions in leading the development of green skills training for workers in the trades. 3. The Sustainable Jobs Secretariat: The Sustainable Jobs Secretariat would be a one-stop shop for workers and employers, providing the most up to date information on federal programs, funding, and services across government departments as Canada works to build a low-carbon economy

Region: Federal

Sector: Multi-sectoral

Status: Announced

Type: Government spending / Subsidy

Mitigation: Various

Emissions / Actions covered: Prepare Canadian workforce for changing labour market.

References: https://www.budget.gc.ca/fes-eea/2022/report-rapport/FES-EEA-2022-en.pdf

Federal Buildings Announced Government spending / Subsidy Fuel switching

Policy description: The new $250 million OHPA Grant will help households move from home heating oil to electric heat pumps. The Grant will provide up to $5,000 to cover heat pump purchases, electrical upgrades, and removal of oil tanks and it is designed to benefit low-to-median-income Canadian households. Eligible homeowners will be able to combine the Grant with funding from existing federal, provincial, territorial, and utility programs.

Region: Federal

Sector: Buildings

Status: Announced

Type: Government spending / Subsidy

Mitigation: Fuel switching

Emissions / Actions covered: Support low-to-median income household heatpump adoption

References: https://www.canada.ca/en/natural-resources-canada/news/2022/11/making-home-heating-more-affordable-for-canadians-while-fighting-climate-change.html

Alberta Industry Developed Government spending / Subsidy Carbon capture and storage

Policy description: Funding to several carbon capture and storage (CCS) projects, including the Shell Canada Energy Quest Project and the Alberta Carbon Trunk Line, reducing emissions by up to 2.76 Mt annually.

Region: Alberta

Sector: Industry

Status: Developed

Type: Government spending / Subsidy

Mitigation: Carbon capture and storage

Emissions / Actions covered: Increase captured emissions from oil sands upgrading.

References: https://www.alberta.ca/carbon-capture-utilization-and-storage-funded-projects-and-reports.aspx

Alberta Oil and gas Announced Regulation Various

Policy description: Restriction on GHG emissions to 100 MtCO2e annually from all oil sands sites combined. Oil sands sites include buildings, equipment and machinery, vehicles, and other infrastructure that are necessary for the operations of an oil sands site. Implementing regulations are not yet in place.

Region: Alberta

Sector: Oil and gas

Status: Announced

Type: Regulation

Mitigation: Various

Emissions / Actions covered: Emissions from oil sands production. Excludes emissions from cogeneration and upgrading, emissions from prescribed experimental schemes, emissions from prescribed primary production, and emissions from prescribed enhanced recovery.

References: https://www.alberta.ca/climate-oilsands-emissions.aspx#:~:text=Alberta%20will%20transition%20to%20an,to%20oil%20sands%20GHG%20emissions.&text=A%20legislated%20emissions%20limit%20on,cogeneration%20and%20new%20upgrading%20capacity https://open.alberta.ca/dataset/fdcdd552-965f-4371-bc3f-5d29140df4b0#:~:text=The%20Act%20establishes%20a%20100,electric%20energy%20portion%20of%20cogeneration.

Alberta Electricity Developed Regulation Fuel switching

Policy description: Regulation requiring 30% of electricity produced in Alberta come from renewable sources by 2030. Interim targets of 15% by 2022, 20% by 2025, and 26% by 2028 have been established.

Region: Alberta

Sector: Electricity

Status: Developed

Type: Regulation

Mitigation: Fuel switching

Emissions / Actions covered: Increase renewable electricity generation.

References: https://www.qp.alberta.ca/1266.cfm?page=r16p5.cfm&leg_type=Acts&isbncln=9780779814060

Alberta Multi-sectoral Developed Carbon pricing / Tradable performance standard Various

Policy description: Industrial carbon pricing and emission trading system, which replaced the Specified Gas Emitters Regulation (2007-2017) and the Carbon Competitiveness Incentive Regulation (2018-2019). The Technology Innovation and Emissions Reduction (TIER) Regulation applies to facilities emitting over 100,000 tCO2e annually in any year since 2016. There are also options for facilities below the threshold to opt in to the TIER program under certain conditions. The regulation establishes performance-level benchmarks. TIER facilities meet the federal benchmark and are exempt from paying the federal fuel charge. TIER applies to about 60% of Alberta's emissions. Regulated facilities may 1) reduce emissions beyond the required benchmark to earn credits, 2) pay a prescribed price to emit, 3) utilize emission performance credits, 4) utilize the Alberta Emission Offsets system. The cost of credits is set at $40/credit for 2021 and $50/credit for 2022.

Region: Alberta

Sector: Multi-sectoral

Status: Developed

Type: Carbon pricing / Tradable performance standard

Mitigation: Various

Emissions / Actions covered: Direct emissions from industrial facilities emitting over 100,000 tCO2e per year.

References: https://www.alberta.ca/technology-innovation-and-emissions-reduction-regulation.aspx https://open.alberta.ca/publications/2019_133

Alberta Multi-sectoral Developed Market-based tradable commodity Negative emissions

Policy description: Under the Technology Innovation and Emissions Reduction (TIER) Regulation, emission offsets are a regulatory compliance option for large industrial emitters. Emission offsets are generated voluntarily in sectors including agriculture, renewable energy, waste management, and oil and gas.

Region: Alberta

Sector: Multi-sectoral

Status: Developed

Type: Market-based tradable commodity

Mitigation: Negative emissions

Emissions / Actions covered: Increase carbon sequestration through emissions reduction compliance.

References: https://www.alberta.ca/alberta-emission-offset-system.aspx

Alberta Electricity Developed Voluntary Fuel switching

Policy description: Target to transition away from coal-fired electricity by 2023.

Region: Alberta

Sector: Electricity

Status: Developed

Type: Voluntary

Mitigation: Fuel switching

Emissions / Actions covered: Combustion emissions from coal-powered electricity.

References: https://www.alberta.ca/climate-coal-electricity.aspx#:~:text=Alberta's%20will%20be%20fully%20transitioned,are%20increasingly%20driving%20investment%20decisions.

Alberta Oil and gas Developed Regulation System improvements

Policy description: A methane reduction target of 45% by 2025 using regulation, market-based programs, and investments. Addresses common sources of methane emissions in the upstream oil and gas industry, and puts forth changes in measuring, monitoring, and reporting on methane emissions.

Region: Alberta

Sector: Oil and gas

Status: Developed

Type: Regulation

Mitigation: System improvements

Emissions / Actions covered: Combustion methane emissions from upstream oil and gas facilities.

References: https://www.alberta.ca/climate-methane-emissions.aspx

Alberta Buildings Developed Government spending / Subsidy Fuel switching / Efficiency increase

Policy description: A partnership between the Government of Alberta, Rural Municipalities of Alberta, and Alberta Municipalities to support emission reductions and energy savings initiatives in municipalities, schools, and communities. Provides funding and capacity-building services.

Region: Alberta

Sector: Buildings

Status: Developed

Type: Government spending / Subsidy

Mitigation: Fuel switching / Efficiency increase

Emissions / Actions covered: Increase energy efficiency of municipal, community, and school buildings and reduce their emissions.

References: https://mccac.ca/

Alberta Transportation Developed Voluntary Efficiency increase

Policy description: In 2017, approximately 270 vehicles registered in Alberta were equipped with new-generation wide-base single tires (NGWBST), resulting in fuel savings of 10% per vehicle. This project issues annual fleet permits to companies interested in using NGWBST on provincial highways at loads equivalent to dual tire configurations (9100 kg for single axle, 17,000 kg for tandem axle).

Region: Alberta

Sector: Transportation

Status: Developed

Type: Voluntary

Mitigation: Efficiency increase

Emissions / Actions covered: Increase energy efficiency of vehicles registered in Alberta.

References: https://rmalberta.com/news/information-regarding-new-generation-wide-base-single-tires/

Alberta Transportation Developed Government spending / Subsidy Mode shifting

Policy description: $2.1 billion received from the Federal Investing in Canada Infrastructure Program, to be used for public transit from 2018-2028, in particular for municipalities with existing transit authorities.

Region: Alberta

Sector: Transportation

Status: Developed

Type: Government spending / Subsidy

Mitigation: Mode shifting

Emissions / Actions covered: Improve and expand existing public transportation networks.

References: https://www.alberta.ca/ICIP-public-transit.aspx

Alberta Transportation Developed Regulation Fuel switching

Policy description: Performance standard requiring minimum 5% qualifying renewable alcohol content in gasoline, and 2% qualifying bio-based diesel in diesel fuel sold by fuel suppliers.

Region: Alberta

Sector: Transportation

Status: Developed

Type: Regulation

Mitigation: Fuel switching

Emissions / Actions covered: Combustion emissions from gasoline and diesel fuel for transportation.

References: https://www.canlii.org/en/ab/laws/regu/alta-reg-29-2010/latest/alta-reg-29-2010.html

Alberta Industry Developed Government spending / Subsidy Fuel switching / Efficiency increase

Policy description: $131 million in funding to support the emission reductions efforts of large industrial emitters. Example recipients include: Advantage Energy's Glacier Gas Plant Carbon Capture and Storage and Waste Heat Recovery in Hythe, Ember Resource's Ember Engine Emissions Reduction Program at multiple facilities throughout east/central Alberta, and Imperial Oil's Kearl ConDex Full Scale Oil Sands Mine Installations in Fort McMurray.

Region: Alberta

Sector: Industry

Status: Developed

Type: Government spending / Subsidy

Mitigation: Fuel switching / Efficiency increase

Emissions / Actions covered: Increase emission reductions from large industrial emitters.

References: https://www.alberta.ca/industrial-energy-efficiency-carbon-capture-utilization-and-storage.aspx

Alberta Industry Developed Government spending / Subsidy Fuel switching / Efficiency increase

Policy description: $55 million in funding from the Government of Alberta to Emission Reduction Alberta’s Energy Savings for Business program to support funding for emissions-reducing industrial and commercial projects in small and medium-sized facilities.

Region: Alberta

Sector: Industry

Status: Developed

Type: Government spending / Subsidy

Mitigation: Fuel switching / Efficiency increase

Emissions / Actions covered: Increase energy efficiency and support fuel switching for technologies in small and medium industrial and commercial facilities.

References: https://www.eralberta.ca/energy-savings-for-business/

Alberta Oil and gas Developed Government spending / Subsidy Fuel switching / Efficiency increase

Policy description: $58 million in funding for 20 projects worth more than $155 million. These projects support innovative emission reductions in the natural gas sector. An estimated 1 MT of GHG reductions could result from these innovations. Funding comes from carbon pricing payments made through the Technology Innovation and Emissions Reduction (TIER) fund.

Region: Alberta

Sector: Oil and gas

Status: Developed

Type: Government spending / Subsidy

Mitigation: Fuel switching / Efficiency increase

Emissions / Actions covered: Support R&D projects to reduce emissions in the upstream and downstream oil and gas sector.

References: https://www.eralberta.ca/funding-technology/natural-gas-challenge-unlocking-innovation-across-albertas-value-chain/

Alberta Buildings Developed Government spending / Subsidy Fuel switching / Efficiency increase

Policy description: A voluntary financing program for municipalities that reduces the upfront loan repayment costs for energy efficiency upgrades. To qualify, municipalities must pass a local bylaw. Subsequently, delivery and administration is led by Energy Efficiency Alberta. In order to be eligible, projects must focus on energy efficiency, on-site renewables, insulation upgrades, or high-efficiency heating.

Region: Alberta

Sector: Buildings

Status: Developed

Type: Government spending / Subsidy

Mitigation: Fuel switching / Efficiency increase

Emissions / Actions covered: Increase energy efficiency of existing buildings and increase their use of renewable energy.

References: https://www.alberta.ca/clean-energy-improvement-program.aspx

Alberta Agriculture Developed Government spending / Subsidy System improvements

Policy description: A funding program for agricultural producers that covers 30% to 50% of eligible expenses (up to $100,000) for investments intended to support sustainable agricultural production, carbon emission mitigation, and reduction of the risks of water contamination. Eligible expenses may include: innovative solutions to addressing environmental impacts of agriculture, improved pesticide and nutrient management, riparian management, and waste management.

Region: Alberta

Sector: Agriculture

Status: Developed

Type: Government spending / Subsidy

Mitigation: System improvements

Emissions / Actions covered: Provide investment support for active producers or commercial manure applicators in Alberta with a valid Environmental Farm Plan.

References: https://cap.alberta.ca/CAP/program/STEW_PROD

British Columbia Buildings Announced Voluntary Efficiency increase

Policy description: Policies in development to increase the use of low-carbon and renewable materials in all government buildings, beginning with the establishment of embodied carbon targets, and the development of a Low Carbon Building Materials Strategy by 2023.

Region: British Columbia

Sector: Buildings

Status: Announced

Type: Voluntary

Mitigation: Efficiency increase

Emissions / Actions covered: Increase use of low-carbon and renewable materials in all government buildings.

References: https://unfccc.int/documents/209928

British Columbia Buildings Developed Voluntary Efficiency increase

Policy description: The BC Energy Step Code is an optional compliance pathway within the BC Building Code that local governments may use to require or incentivize increased building efficiency standards for new buildings. These updated optional standards consist of increased energy performance standards compared to the existing BC Building Code of 20% more energy efficiency by 2022, 40% more energy efficiency by 2027, and 80% more energy efficiency by 2032 (net-zero energy ready standard).

Region: British Columbia

Sector: Buildings

Status: Developed

Type: Voluntary

Mitigation: Efficiency increase

Emissions / Actions covered: Increase energy efficiency of new buildings.

References: https://www2.gov.bc.ca/gov/content/industry/construction-industry/building-codes-standards/energy-efficiency

British Columbia Buildings Announced Tradable Performance Standard Fuel switching / Efficiency increase

Policy description: Announced in 2021, these carbon pollution standards will be added to the BC Building Code. These standards will begin on a voluntary basis in collaboration with local governments and will then be phased in as mandatory provincial regulations after 2023. These standards will be performance based, with various compliance pathways such as options for electrification, utilizing low-carbon fuels (such as renewable natural gas) or implementing low-carbon district energy.

Region: British Columbia

Sector: Buildings

Status: Announced

Type: Tradable Performance Standard

Mitigation: Fuel switching / Efficiency increase

Emissions / Actions covered: Combustion emissions from all new buildings.

References: https://www2.gov.bc.ca/gov/content/environment/climate-change/planning-and-action https://www2.gov.bc.ca/gov/content/environment/climate-change/clean-buildings

British Columbia Buildings Developing Regulation Fuel switching / Efficiency increase

Policy description: Efficiency standards of 100% efficiency required for newly sold and installed space- and water-heating equipment after 2030.

Region: British Columbia

Sector: Buildings

Status: Developing

Type: Regulation

Mitigation: Fuel switching / Efficiency increase

Emissions / Actions covered: Improve efficiency of newly sold and installed space- and water-heating equipment.

References: https://www2.gov.bc.ca/gov/content/environment/climate-change/planning-and-action https://www2.gov.bc.ca/gov/content/environment/climate-change/clean-buildings

British Columbia Buildings Developed Government spending / Subsidy Fuel switching / Efficiency increase

Policy description: Programs offering incentives for energy efficiency measures in residential, commercial, and industrial buildings. CleanBC Better Homes programs include rebates for households including the Indigenous Community Heat Pump Incentive (funding for heat pump installation in residential and community buildings in Indigenous communities), rebates for heat pumps, support for electric service upgrades, and new construction programs for the construction of high-performance electric homes. The Better Buildings program provides incentives for commercial buildings including: support for upgrades, support for heating equipment conversions, low-interest financing and ISO 50001 incentive (co-managed with federal government), and implementation of energy management systems in industrial facilities.

Region: British Columbia

Sector: Buildings

Status: Developed

Type: Government spending / Subsidy

Mitigation: Fuel switching / Efficiency increase

Emissions / Actions covered: Improve energy efficiency of residential, commercial, and industrial buildings.

References: https://unfccc.int/documents/209928 https://betterbuildingsbc.ca/ https://betterhomesbc.ca/

British Columbia Buildings Developed Regulation Efficiency increase

Policy description: Regularly updated standards for products that use or control energy. Regulated devices include: windows, appliances, space heaters, water heaters, lighting, and some types of industrial equipment.

Region: British Columbia

Sector: Buildings

Status: Developed

Type: Regulation

Mitigation: Efficiency increase

Emissions / Actions covered: Ensure high efficiency of products that use or control energy.

References: https://www2.gov.bc.ca/gov/content/industry/electricity-alternative-energy/energy-efficiency-conservation/policy-regulations/standards

British Columbia Buildings Developed Voluntary Efficiency increase

Policy description: The Charter is a voluntary agreement between provincial and municipal governments to work towards carbon-neutral corporate operations and develop more energy-efficient communities. The charter has been signed by 187 of 189 municipalities and regional districts in British Columbia.

Region: British Columbia

Sector: Buildings

Status: Developed

Type: Voluntary

Mitigation: Efficiency increase

Emissions / Actions covered: Increase energy efficiency and reduce combustion emissions associated with local government corporate operations.

References: https://www2.gov.bc.ca/gov/content/governments/local-governments/climate-action/bc-climate-action-charter

British Columbia Buildings Announced Government spending / Subsidy Efficiency increase

Policy description: A financing program reducing upfront loan repayment costs for energy retrofits. Annual improvement payments are tied to a specific property rather than an individual, and are paid through local government property taxes.

Region: British Columbia

Sector: Buildings

Status: Announced

Type: Government spending / Subsidy

Mitigation: Efficiency increase

Emissions / Actions covered: Support energy retrofits for existing residential and commercial buildings.

References: https://www2.gov.bc.ca/gov/content/environment/climate-change/planning-and-action

British Columbia Buildings Announced Information Efficiency increase

Policy description: A program to increase availability of home energy and efficiency data by including energy efficiency ratings in British Columbia home sale listings.

Region: British Columbia

Sector: Buildings

Status: Announced

Type: Information

Mitigation: Efficiency increase

Emissions / Actions covered: Increase the availability of energy efficiency data for B.C. home sales.

References: https://www2.gov.bc.ca/gov/content/environment/climate-change/planning-and-action

British Columbia Buildings Developed Research and development Efficiency increase

Policy description: An innovation fund supporting research, demonstration and development of low-carbon building materials, construction methods and building components to increase affordability and accessibility.

Region: British Columbia

Sector: Buildings

Status: Developed

Type: Research and development

Mitigation: Efficiency increase

Emissions / Actions covered: Support R&D into low-carbon construction components and processes.

References: https://www2.gov.bc.ca/gov/content/environment/climate-change/clean-buildings

British Columbia Buildings Developed Government spending / Subsidy Fuel switching / Efficiency increase

Policy description: Provincial Sales Tax (PST) exemption on heat pumps and an increase to 12% PST on heating equipment that uses fossil fuels. Effective April 1, 2022.

Region: British Columbia

Sector: Buildings

Status: Developed

Type: Government spending / Subsidy

Mitigation: Fuel switching / Efficiency increase

Emissions / Actions covered: Increase use of low-carbon-emission space heating technology, primarily heat pumps.

References: https://www2.gov.bc.ca/gov/content/environment/climate-change/clean-buildings

British Columbia Buildings Developed Government spending / Subsidy Fuel switching / Efficiency increase

Policy description: A refundable income tax credit for up to 5% of qualifying expenditures spent on qualifying retrofits to improve energy efficiency. Effective April 1, 2022 until April 1, 2025. This credit is intended to reduce energy use intensity in qualifying buildings (mainly MURB and commercial). Qualifying expenditures include HVAC systems, fans, lighting, water-heating equipment, pumps, and permitting.

Region: British Columbia

Sector: Buildings

Status: Developed

Type: Government spending / Subsidy

Mitigation: Fuel switching / Efficiency increase

Emissions / Actions covered: Improve energy efficiency of eligible commercial and multi-unit residential buildings (MURBs).

References: https://www2.gov.bc.ca/gov/content/taxes/income-taxes/corporate/credits/clean-buildings

British Columbia Industry Developed Government spending / Subsidy Fuel switching

Policy description: A 20% discount on standard industrial hydro rates to support industrial electrification. This new BC Hydro rate is available to eligible industrial customers developing clean industry or investing in new electrified equipment, or to new customers using electricity instead of fossil fuels. The discounted rate is available for 5 years and will phase back to the standard industrial rate by year eight.

Region: British Columbia

Sector: Industry

Status: Developed

Type: Government spending / Subsidy

Mitigation: Fuel switching

Emissions / Actions covered: Increase electrification of industrial equipment and facilities.

References: https://news.gov.bc.ca/releases/2021PREM0006-000153

British Columbia Industry Announced Regulation Carbon capture and storage

Policy description: A regulatory policy framework to guide the deployment of carbon capture and storage (CCS) technologies. The current regime requires that proponents obtain storage and disposal rights and approval for CCS operations, as indicated in amendments made to the Petroleum and Natural Gas Act (PNGA) and the Oil and Gas Activities Act (OGAA)

Region: British Columbia

Sector: Industry

Status: Announced

Type: Regulation

Mitigation: Carbon capture and storage

Emissions / Actions covered: Combustion emissions from industry, such as oil and gas, pulp and paper, and cement.

References: https://www2.gov.bc.ca/gov/content/environment/climate-change/planning-and-action https://www2.gov.bc.ca/assets/gov/farming-natural-resources-and-industry/natural-gas-oil/ccs/ccs_rpf_discussion_paper_jan_2014.pdf

British Columbia Industry Developed Government spending / Subsidy Various

Policy description: A program that reinvests a portion of carbon tax revenue above $30/t into low-carbon technologies to support GHG reductions and competitiveness in industry. This program is expected to reduce emissions by 2.5 MtCO2e by 2030. The program has returned over $180 million in incentive payments to the low-carbon industry. The program is comprised of the CleanBC Industry Fund and the CleanBC Industrial Incentive Program.

Region: British Columbia

Sector: Industry

Status: Developed

Type: Government spending / Subsidy

Mitigation: Various

Emissions / Actions covered: Support GHG reductions and competitiveness in industry.

References: https://cleanbc.gov.bc.ca/ https://www2.gov.bc.ca/gov/content/environment/climate-change/industry/cleanbc-industry-fund/about

British Columbia Industry Outdated Government spending / Subsidy Fuel switching

Policy description: A five-year program providing conditional incentives to cement producers to utilize renewables in their fuel mix, procure long-term renewable fuel supply contracts, and meet or beat new emissions intensity benchmarks.

Region: British Columbia

Sector: Industry

Status: Outdated

Type: Government spending / Subsidy

Mitigation: Fuel switching

Emissions / Actions covered: Reduce combustion emissions from cement production.

References: https://unfccc.int/documents/209928

British Columbia Industry Developing Regulation Various

Policy description: New large industrial facilities must submit plans to achieve net-zero emissions by 2050, as well as demonstrate their alignment with 2030 and 2040 provincial interim targets. Policy details are under development

Region: British Columbia

Sector: Industry

Status: Developing

Type: Regulation

Mitigation: Various

Emissions / Actions covered: Emissions from new large industrial facilities.

References: https://www2.gov.bc.ca/gov/content/environment/climate-change/planning-and-action https://www2.gov.bc.ca/gov/content/environment/climate-change/industry

British Columbia Industry Developed Government spending / Subsidy Fuel switching

Policy description: $84 million in federal green infrastructure funding allocated to support industrial electricity consumers who are switching from carbon-based fuels to electricity. Funding covers 50% of eligible costs, including planning and construction of new electrical connections for up to $15 million.

Region: British Columbia

Sector: Industry

Status: Developed

Type: Government spending / Subsidy

Mitigation: Fuel switching

Emissions / Actions covered: Increase electrification (transition away from carbon-based fuels) by large industrial BC Hydro customers.

References: https://www.bchydro.com/powersmart/business/programs/electrification-fund.html?utm_source=direct&utm_medium=redirect&utm_content=electrificationfund

British Columbia Industry Developed Regulation Various

Policy description: Emissions reporting requirement for industrial operations with a total amount of attributable emissions that are greater than or equal to 10,000 tCO2e, not including CO2 produced from biomass.

Region: British Columbia

Sector: Industry

Status: Developed

Type: Regulation

Mitigation: Various

Emissions / Actions covered: All emissions (including biomass) from facilities that produce >10 kt CO2e emissions annually

References: https://www.bclaws.gov.bc.ca/civix/document/id/lc/statreg/249_2015#ScheduleA

British Columbia Oil and gas Announced Regulation Various

Policy description: Planned introduction of a GHG emissions cap to require gas utilities to reduce emissions to 6 MtCO2e annually by 2030. There is expected to be flexibility in how utilities may meet this target.

Region: British Columbia

Sector: Oil and gas

Status: Announced

Type: Regulation

Mitigation: Various

Emissions / Actions covered: Combustion emissions from natural gas supplied by utilities (excluding the oil and gas sector).

References: https://www2.gov.bc.ca/gov/content/environment/climate-change/planning-and-action

British Columbia Multi-sectoral Developed Carbon pricing Various

Policy description: The carbon tax applies to the purchase and use of fossil fuels and covers approximately 70% of provincial greenhouse gas emissions. The Province has committed to meeting or exceeding the federal carbon price backstop of $170/tonne by 2030. Revenues are recycled to provide carbon tax relief, maintain industry competitiveness, and support green initiatives.

Region: British Columbia

Sector: Multi-sectoral

Status: Developed

Type: Carbon pricing

Mitigation: Various

Emissions / Actions covered: Combustion emissions from fossil fuel use.

References: https://www2.gov.bc.ca/gov/content/environment/climate-change/clean-economy/carbon-tax#:~:text=Approach%20to%20Carbon%20Pricing,%2450%20per%20tCO2e.&text=To%20align%20with%20the%20change,child%20effective%20July%201%2C%202022

British Columbia Multi-sectoral Developed Government spending / Subsidy Efficiency increase

Policy description: A $50 million Carbon Neutral Capital Program to support public sector initiatives to reduce emissions and achieve energy efficiency.

Region: British Columbia

Sector: Multi-sectoral

Status: Developed

Type: Government spending / Subsidy

Mitigation: Efficiency increase

Emissions / Actions covered: Increase efficiency and reduce emissions associated with public sector initiatives.

References: https://unfccc.int/documents/209928

British Columbia Multi-sectoral Developed Regulation Various

Policy description: Carbon-neutral public sector targets under the Greenhouse Gas Reduction Targets Act requiring the provincial government, including provincial ministries and agencies, schools, colleges, universities, health authorities and Crown corporations, to become carbon neutral by 2010 and report annually on actions taken towards carbon neutrality. Public sector operations have been carbon neutral from 2010 to 2021, and public sector emissions in 2021 were approximately 13% lower than 2010.

Region: British Columbia

Sector: Multi-sectoral

Status: Developed

Type: Regulation

Mitigation: Various

Emissions / Actions covered: Combustion emissions from public sector operations.

References: https://unfccc.int/documents/209928 https://www2.gov.bc.ca/gov/content/environment/climate-change/public-sector

British Columbia Buildings Developed Government spending / Subsidy Efficiency increase

Policy description: A retrofit program for existing government facilities, and a plan to ensure all new government facilities have 100% clean energy.

Region: British Columbia

Sector: Buildings

Status: Developed

Type: Government spending / Subsidy

Mitigation: Efficiency increase

Emissions / Actions covered: Increase energy efficiency of existing government facilities and ensure new government buildings use 100% clean energy.

References: https://news.gov.bc.ca/releases/2019CITZ0041-001354

British Columbia Multi-sectoral Developed Research and development Fuel switching / Efficiency increase

Policy description: $97 million since 2008 towards clean energy initiatives including research and development, clean technology investments, and energy efficiency programs. Supports British Columbia's energy and GHG reduction priorities to advance clean energy.

Region: British Columbia

Sector: Multi-sectoral

Status: Developed

Type: Research and development

Mitigation: Fuel switching / Efficiency increase

Emissions / Actions covered: Expand clean-energy initiatives.

References: https://unfccc.int/documents/209928

British Columbia Multi-sectoral Developed Regulation Various

Policy description: This act sets out targets for British Columbia's emission reductions (33% reduction from 2007 emissions for 2020 and 80% reduction from 2007 emissions by 2050) and targets for carbon neutrality in the public sector. The Act also requires the establishment of sectoral and interim emission reduction targets.

Region: British Columbia

Sector: Multi-sectoral

Status: Developed

Type: Regulation

Mitigation: Various

Emissions / Actions covered: Combustion emissions from public sector operations.

References: https://www.bclaws.gov.bc.ca/civix/document/id/complete/statreg/07042_01

British Columbia Oil and gas Developed Tradable Performance Standard Various

Policy description: A regulation that establishes mechanisms to meet performance standards listed in the Schedule to the Greenhouse Gas Industrial Reporting and Control Act (GGIRCA). Establishes a BC Carbon Registry, which enables the issuance, transfer, and retirement of compliance units to be used by regulated operations listed in the Schedule to GGIRCA, voluntary purchasers, or the Government of British Columbia. It also establishes the requirements for developing offset projects and issuing emission offset units, which must be independently validated and verified respectively.

Region: British Columbia

Sector: Oil and gas

Status: Developed

Type: Tradable Performance Standard

Mitigation: Various

Emissions / Actions covered: Combustion and non-combustion emissions from liquefied natural gas operations.

References: https://www.bclaws.gov.bc.ca/civix/document/id/lc/statreg/250_2015

British Columbia Oil and gas Developed Government spending / Subsidy Fuel switching

Policy description: The GHG Reduction (Clean Energy) Regulation was amended in 2016 to support initiatives to increase the clean electricity supply to meet demand from the upstream oil and gas sector. The regulation increases the competitiveness of electricity compared to natural gas in upstream oil and gas infrastructure by allowing BC Hydro to provide incentives to bridge the cost difference.

Region: British Columbia

Sector: Oil and gas

Status: Developed

Type: Government spending / Subsidy

Mitigation: Fuel switching

Emissions / Actions covered: Increase the clean electricity supply for the upstream oil and gas sector.

References: https://unfccc.int/documents/209928

British Columbia Oil and gas Developed Tradable Performance Standard System improvements

Policy description: This act implements a carbon intensity limit of 0.16 tCO2e per tonne of liquefied natural gas (LNG) produced in LNG facilities. Apart from reducing emissions to align with the benchmark, possible compliance pathways are to purchase or create offset units through emission offset projects and to purchase funded units from the Government of British Columbia at $25/tCO2e. The revenue from the purchase of funded units flows into a technology fund.

Region: British Columbia

Sector: Oil and gas

Status: Developed

Type: Tradable Performance Standard

Mitigation: System improvements

Emissions / Actions covered: Combustion and non-combustion emissions from liquefied natural gas operations producing commercial-scale LNG.

References: https://www.bclaws.ca/civix/document/id/complete/statreg/14029_01#division_d0e811 https://news.gov.bc.ca/releases/2015ENV0084-002116

British Columbia Oil and gas Developing Regulation Various

Policy description: An oil and gas sectoral target of reducing emissions 33% to 38% below 2007 levels as required under the Climate Change Accountability Act. The Government of British Columbia announced an Industrial Climate Program (2023) as the primary mechanism to meet this target.

Region: British Columbia

Sector: Oil and gas

Status: Developing

Type: Regulation

Mitigation: Various

Emissions / Actions covered: Emissions from oil and gas extraction, processing and refining, and transportation emissions from pipelines.

References: https://www2.gov.bc.ca/gov/content/environment/climate-change/planning-and-action

British Columbia Oil and gas Developed Regulation Various

Policy description: These regulations are expected to reduce methane emissions in the upstream oil and gas sector by 10.9 MtCO2e over a 10-year period. Methane emission reduction targets are: 45% by 2025 relative to 2014, 75% by 2030 relative to 2025, and as close to zero emissions as possible by 2035. Regulations came into effect in January 2020 addressing primary sources of methane emissions in upstream oil and gas.

Region: British Columbia

Sector: Oil and gas

Status: Developed

Type: Regulation

Mitigation: Various

Emissions / Actions covered: Upstream oil and gas methane emissions from primary sources.

References: https://www.bcogc.ca/news/new-methane-regulations-and-fugitive-emissions-guidelines/

British Columbia Oil and gas Developed Government spending / Subsidy Fuel switching / Efficiency increase

Policy description: $4.9 million in funding per year over four years, financed by ratepayers, to support emission-reducing energy projects. Projects include renewable natural gas, carbon and methane capture technologies, hydrogen fuel cell technologies, and energy efficiency. This fund is delivered in a partnership between government and industry.

Region: British Columbia

Sector: Oil and gas

Status: Developed

Type: Government spending / Subsidy

Mitigation: Fuel switching / Efficiency increase

Emissions / Actions covered: Support various emission-reducing energy projects.

References: https://www.fortisbc.com/about-us/climate-leadership/clean-growth-innovation-fund

British Columbia Oil and gas Developed Government spending / Subsidy Fuel switching / Efficiency increase

Policy description: $150 million in royalty deductions are available through the program. Companies can also apply for funding to cover up to 50% of capital costs for infrastructure projects related to electrification or GHG emission reductions. Examples include retrofits, replacements, conversions of upstream equipment to reduce methane emissions.

Region: British Columbia

Sector: Oil and gas

Status: Developed

Type: Government spending / Subsidy

Mitigation: Fuel switching / Efficiency increase

Emissions / Actions covered: Reduce methane emissions from the upstream oil and gas sector and increase electrification.

References: https://www2.gov.bc.ca/gov/content/industry/natural-gas-oil/oil-gas-royalties/clean-growth-infrastructure-royalty-program

British Columbia Multi-sectoral Developed Government spending / Subsidy Fuel switching / Efficiency increase

Policy description: $134 million in provincial and federal funding was committed in 2022 for a third intake of the CleanBC Communities Fund (CCF), which is part of the federal Investing in Canada Infrastructure Program. The CCF provides cost sharing for infrastructure investments for public use that improve capacity or renewable energy and clean energy transportation, increase clean energy generation, and increase energy efficiency in buildings. Applications may come from local governments, on- and off-reserve Indigenous recipients, not-for-profit organizations, and for-profit entities. Funding varies by applicant type.

Region: British Columbia

Sector: Multi-sectoral

Status: Developed

Type: Government spending / Subsidy

Mitigation: Fuel switching / Efficiency increase

Emissions / Actions covered: Improve capacity or renewable energy and clean energy transportation, increase clean energy generation, and increase energy efficiency in buildings.

References: https://www2.gov.bc.ca/gov/content/transportation/funding-engagement-permits/funding-grants/investing-in-canada-infrastructure-program/green-infrastructure/cleanbc-communities-fund

British Columbia Transportation Developed Government spending / Subsidy Efficiency increase

Policy description: The program provides rebates of up to 50%, to a maximum of $15,000 per vehicle or $100,000 per fleet, for eligible equipment that improves fuel efficiency and reduces emissions. It also provides training on developing a Fuel Management Program for fleets to improve fuel economy via behavioural or equipment changes.

Region: British Columbia

Sector: Transportation

Status: Developed

Type: Government spending / Subsidy

Mitigation: Efficiency increase

Emissions / Actions covered: Increase fuel efficiency of heavy-duty vehicles for commercial truck drivers.

References: https://news.gov.bc.ca/releases/2019TRAN0194-002086

British Columbia Transportation Announced Regulation Fuel switching / Efficiency increase

Policy description: The 2019 Clean BC Plan announced the goal of making vehicles run cleaner by increasing tailpipe emissions standards for vehicles sold after 2025.

Region: British Columbia

Sector: Transportation

Status: Announced

Type: Regulation

Mitigation: Fuel switching / Efficiency increase

Emissions / Actions covered: Combustion emissions from vehicles.

References: https://cleanbc.gov.bc.ca/

British Columbia Transportation Developed Government spending / Subsidy Fuel switching

Policy description: Supportive CleanBC Zero-emission vehicle (ZEV) policies. Programs include: • Go Electric Passenger Vehicle Rebates for light-duty vehicles. $1,500 for short-range plug-in hybrids and $3,000 for long-range plug-in hybrids, BEVs, and hydrogen vehicles. • The Specialty Use Vehicle Incentive program for commercial vehicles. Up to $50,000 for plug-in hybrid, electric, and hydrogen on-road medium- and heavy-duty freight vehicles. • The Commercial Vehicle Pilots Program, which supports adoption of commercially available/early market ZEVS in B.C.-based businesses, non-profits, and local/Indigenous governments. • The Go Electric Fleets program that supports public/private light-duty fleet transitions to zero-emissions through training/rebates. • The Home and Workplace Charger Rebate Program, which covers up to 50% of charger installations. it offers up to $350 for single family homes and $2000 for apartments, condos, and workplaces. • The Go Electric Advanced Research and Commercialization program, which funds companies with operations in the BC ZEV sector. • The Public Charger Program, which covers 50% of fast-charging equipment/installation (max. $80,000/station). Increased rebates are available for Indigenous communities/businesses. • The Hydrogen Fuelling Infrastructure Program, which funds expansion of hydrogen fuelling infrastructure. By end of 2022 there will be six hydrogen fuelling stations operating in B.C. • The Emotive campaign, which supports public awareness/education related to EV adoption.

Region: British Columbia

Sector: Transportation

Status: Developed

Type: Government spending / Subsidy

Mitigation: Fuel switching

Emissions / Actions covered: Increase uptake of electric vehicles and electric vehicle equipment.

References: https://www2.gov.bc.ca/gov/content/industry/electricity-alternative-energy/transportation-energies/clean-transportation-policies-programs/clean-energy-vehicle-program

British Columbia Transportation Developed Government spending / Subsidy Mode shifting

Policy description: Rebates for scrapping older vehicles. Industry funds incentives to the purchase of qualifying zero-emission vehicles. The province also funds rebates for e-bicycles, e-mobility scooters, transit passes, and car sharing credits.

Region: British Columbia

Sector: Transportation

Status: Developed

Type: Government spending / Subsidy

Mitigation: Mode shifting

Emissions / Actions covered: Increase use of lower-emission transportation options, including, e-bicycles, e-mobility scooters, transit passes, and car sharing credits.

References: https://scrapit.ca/

British Columbia Transportation Developed Government spending / Subsidy Fuel switching

Policy description: Under the GHG Reduction Regulation, utilities may offer incentives for the purchase of natural gas vehicles, or for investments in liquid natural gas and compressed fuelling infrastructure.

Region: British Columbia

Sector: Transportation

Status: Developed

Type: Government spending / Subsidy

Mitigation: Fuel switching

Emissions / Actions covered: Increase use of natural gas vehicles, and infrastructure for liquefied natural gas and compressed fuelling.

References: https://unfccc.int/documents/209928

British Columbia Transportation Developed Tradable Performance Standard Fuel switching

Policy description: A performance standard introduced in 2008 to reduce the carbon intensity of fuels used in British Columbia. This regulation requires a decrease in average carbon intensity of transportation fuels by 9.1% by 2020 and by 20% by 2030 relative to 2010. In 2021, the Province announced plans to raise the 2030 target to 30%, and to expand the Low Carbon Fuel Standard (LCFS) to cover marine and aviation fuels beginning in 2023. The regulation establishes carbon intensity targets that can be met with a flexible compliance pathway, allowing trading of fuel credits so that fuel suppliers can acquire credits generated from fuelling electric vehicles. It also establishes minimum renewable content requirements, currently set at 5% annual average renewable content in gasoline and 4% renewable content in diesel. The standard is made up of the Greenhouse Gas Reduction (Renewable & Low Carbon Fuel Requirements) Act and the Renewable & Low Carbon Fuel Requirements Regulation.

Region: British Columbia

Sector: Transportation

Status: Developed

Type: Tradable Performance Standard

Mitigation: Fuel switching

Emissions / Actions covered: Combustion emissions from supply or manufacturing of transportation fuels (gasoline and diesel), excluding marine and aviation fuels until 2023.

References: https://www2.gov.bc.ca/gov/content/environment/climate-change/planning-and-action https://www2.gov.bc.ca/gov/content/industry/electricity-alternative-energy/transportation-energies/renewable-low-carbon-fuels/requirements

British Columbia Transportation Developed Tradable Performance Standard Fuel switching

Policy description: Under the Zero-Emission Vehicles Act (2019), the Government of British Columbia legislated required zero-emission vehicle (ZEV) sales targets for all new light-duty vehicles. Legislated targets are set at 10% of all new light-duty vehicles by 2025, 30% by 2030, and 100% by 2040. In 2021, B.C. announced accelerated light-duty ZEV sales targets of: 26% by 2026, 90% by 2030 and 100% by 2035. A compliance mechanism allows trading of credits among suppliers. Targets are to be developed for medium- and heavy-duty vehicles.

Region: British Columbia

Sector: Transportation

Status: Developed

Type: Tradable Performance Standard

Mitigation: Fuel switching

Emissions / Actions covered: Combustion emissions from new light-duty vehicles. This mandate does not yet apply to medium- and heavy-duty vehicles.

References: https://www2.gov.bc.ca/gov/content/industry/electricity-alternative-energy/transportation-energies/clean-transportation-policies-programs/zero-emission-vehicles-act

British Columbia Transportation Announced Voluntary Fuel switching

Policy description: Announced doubling of renewable fuels target to 1.3 billion litres by 2030. Target can be met using renewable gasoline and renewable diesel.

Region: British Columbia

Sector: Transportation

Status: Announced

Type: Voluntary

Mitigation: Fuel switching

Emissions / Actions covered: Combustion emissions from fossil-fuel-based transportation fuels (such as gasoline and diesel).

References: https://www2.gov.bc.ca/gov/content/environment/climate-change/planning-and-action https://news.gov.bc.ca/releases/2022EMLI0032-000730

British Columbia Transportation Announced Voluntary Fuel switching

Policy description: Announced target of 10,000 public electric vehicle charging stations across the province by 2030. There are currently over 2,399 Level 2 and 720 fast-charging stations that are publicly available.

Region: British Columbia

Sector: Transportation

Status: Announced

Type: Voluntary

Mitigation: Fuel switching

Emissions / Actions covered: Increase use of electric vehicles.

References: https://www2.gov.bc.ca/gov/content/environment/climate-change/planning-and-action https://www2.gov.bc.ca/gov/content/transportation/driving-and-cycling/traveller-information/ev-station

British Columbia Transportation Developed Government spending / Subsidy Mode shifting

Policy description: $18 million in Budget 2021 towards active transportation infrastructure, and an additional $16 million for active transportation projects in the StrongerBC Economic Recovery Plan. The Active Transportation Infrastructure Grants program has two funding streams that provide cost-sharing opportunities for network planning grants and infrastructure grants for investments made by Indigenous and local government in active transportation. Eligible funding varies by applicant and funding stream, up to a maximum of $500,000.

Region: British Columbia

Sector: Transportation

Status: Developed

Type: Government spending / Subsidy

Mitigation: Mode shifting

Emissions / Actions covered: Increase mode switching to active transportation options (such as walking or cycling).

References: https://www2.gov.bc.ca/gov/content/environment/climate-change/clean-transportation https://www2.gov.bc.ca/gov/content/transportation/transportation-environment/active-transportation

British Columbia Transportation Developed Government spending / Subsidy Mode shifting

Policy description: Budget 2021 announced that the purchase of new e-bike and e-trikes would be exempt from provincial sales tax to encourage active transportation.

Region: British Columbia

Sector: Transportation

Status: Developed

Type: Government spending / Subsidy

Mitigation: Mode shifting

Emissions / Actions covered: Increase mode switching to active transportation options, specifically electric bicycles and scooters.

References: https://news.gov.bc.ca/releases/2021FIN0045-001313

British Columbia Transportation Announced Plan/Strategy Various

Policy description: To be developed by 2023 to establish additional steps the Government of British Columbia will take to reduce transportation emissions and meet emission reduction targets.

Region: British Columbia

Sector: Transportation

Status: Announced

Type: Plan/Strategy

Mitigation: Various

Emissions / Actions covered: Combustion emissions from vehicles.

References: https://www2.gov.bc.ca/gov/content/environment/climate-change/planning-and-action

British Columbia Electricity Developing Regulation Fuel switching

Policy description: A planned standard to increase clean electricity (from renewable sources) to 100% of supply by 2030 through the phase-out of remaining gas-fired facilities by 2030.

Region: British Columbia

Sector: Electricity

Status: Developing

Type: Regulation

Mitigation: Fuel switching

Emissions / Actions covered: Combustion emissions from gas-fired electricity generation.

References: https://www2.gov.bc.ca/gov/content/environment/climate-change/planning-and-action

British Columbia Electricity Developed Regulation Fuel switching

Policy description: Regulated target of a minimum of 93% of provincial electricity generated by clean or renewable sources.

Region: British Columbia

Sector: Electricity

Status: Developed

Type: Regulation

Mitigation: Fuel switching

Emissions / Actions covered: Combustion emissions from electricity generation.

References: http://www.bclaws.ca/civix/document/id/lc/statreg/10022_01

British Columbia Electricity Developed Government spending / Subsidy Fuel switching

Policy description: Use of electricity in residential and industrial buildings is exempt from provincial sales tax as of April 1, 2019.

Region: British Columbia

Sector: Electricity

Status: Developed

Type: Government spending / Subsidy

Mitigation: Fuel switching

Emissions / Actions covered: Increase use of electricity in residential and industrial buildings.

References: https://www2.gov.bc.ca/gov/content/taxes/sales-taxes/pst

British Columbia Electricity Developed Regulation Efficiency increase

Policy description: BC Hydro is required to meet 66% of its forecasted incremental electricity demand through demand-side management by the year 2022.

Region: British Columbia

Sector: Electricity

Status: Developed

Type: Regulation

Mitigation: Efficiency increase

Emissions / Actions covered: Increase electricity demand through demand-side management.

References: https://unfccc.int/documents/209928

British Columbia Multi-sectoral Developed Government spending / Subsidy Various

Policy description: Funding for local governments and Modern Treaty Nations to reduce emissions, build a local clean economy, and prepare for climate impacts. Through Budget 2022, the Province provided $76 million over three years for the Local Government Climate Action Program.

Region: British Columbia

Sector: Multi-sectoral

Status: Developed

Type: Government spending / Subsidy

Mitigation: Various

Emissions / Actions covered: Support local government and Modern Treaty Nation spending on emission reductions and climate action.

References: https://www2.gov.bc.ca/gov/content/environment/climate-change/local-governments/local-government-climate-action-program

British Columbia Multi-sectoral Developed Government spending / Subsidy Fuel switching / Efficiency increase

Policy description: Revenue sharing and funding of up to $500,000 for initiatives supporting the development of local clean energy and energy efficiency in Indigenous communities.

Region: British Columbia

Sector: Multi-sectoral

Status: Developed

Type: Government spending / Subsidy

Mitigation: Fuel switching / Efficiency increase

Emissions / Actions covered: Increase clean energy and energy efficiency projects in Indigenous communities.

References: https://www.newrelationshiptrust.ca/initiatives/bcicei/?fbclid=IwAR23qKcVeFfO0n_RtvMWe7Qs0ohMfcoliX1y_LNSgkNXhd-4UbnoiD_rEOY

British Columbia Multi-sectoral Developed Government spending / Subsidy Fuel switching / Efficiency increase

Policy description: Up to $50,0000 for capacity funding per eligible applicant for capacity funding to support clean energy feasibility studies, community energy planning, and engaging with project proponents. Up to $500,000 for equity funding per eligible applicant for equity funding to support a financially viable and resourced clean energy project with an Energy Purchase Agreement.

Region: British Columbia

Sector: Multi-sectoral

Status: Developed

Type: Government spending / Subsidy

Mitigation: Fuel switching / Efficiency increase

Emissions / Actions covered: Increase clean energy use in Indigenous communities.

References: https://www2.gov.bc.ca/gov/content/environment/natural-resource-stewardship/consulting-with-first-nations/first-nations-clean-energy-business-fund

British Columbia Electricity Developed Government spending / Subsidy Fuel switching

Policy description: $13.8 million awarded to support renewable electricity generation through the Renewable Energy for Remote Communities program, to support the CleanBC goal of reduced diesel consumption in remote communities.

Region: British Columbia

Sector: Electricity

Status: Developed

Type: Government spending / Subsidy

Mitigation: Fuel switching

Emissions / Actions covered: Reduce diesel consumption through increased renewable electricity generation in remote communities.

References: https://www2.gov.bc.ca/gov/content/industry/electricity-alternative-energy/community-energy-solutions/remote-community-energy-strategy-rces

British Columbia Electricity Developed Government spending / Subsidy Fuel switching / Efficiency increase

Policy description: Funding for local governments and First Nations communities investing in clean energy, efficiency, and emission reductions. 2015–2019 funding totalled $2.2 million. Future funding intakes have not been scheduled.

Region: British Columbia

Sector: Electricity

Status: Developed

Type: Government spending / Subsidy

Mitigation: Fuel switching / Efficiency increase

Emissions / Actions covered: Increase clean energy and energy efficiency projects in Indigenous communities.

References: https://www2.gov.bc.ca/gov/content/industry/electricity-alternative-energy/community-energy-solutions/community-energy-leadership-program

British Columbia Electricity Announced Government spending / Subsidy Fuel switching

Policy description: Announcement of plans for the BC Utilities Commission to invest $260 million from 2021–2026 in efforts to advance electrification, including promoting fuel switching and attracting new customers. $190 million in funding will promote electricity fuel switching, and $50 million will attract new customers.

Region: British Columbia

Sector: Electricity

Status: Announced

Type: Government spending / Subsidy

Mitigation: Fuel switching

Emissions / Actions covered: Support electrification initiatives.

References: https://www2.gov.bc.ca/gov/content/environment/climate-change/planning-and-action

British Columbia Agriculture Developed Government spending / Subsidy Carbon sequestration

Policy description: $290 million in federal and provincial funding to invest in province-wide forest carbon projects. Projects may enhance the carbon sequestration capacity of British Columbia’s forests via reforestation, fertilization, tree improvements, and modified management that promotes sustainable forestry practices.

Region: British Columbia

Sector: Agriculture

Status: Developed

Type: Government spending / Subsidy

Mitigation: Carbon sequestration

Emissions / Actions covered: Increase the carbon sequestration capacity of forested land.

References: https://www2.gov.bc.ca/gov/content/environment/natural-resource-stewardship/natural-resources-climate-change/natural-resources-climate-change-mitigation/forest-carbon-initiative

British Columbia Agriculture Developed Market-based tradable commodity Carbon sequestration

Policy description: A GHG offset protocol for the creation of forest carbon offsets that quantifies carbon dioxide sinks and removal. Allowable offsets may be 1) afforestation/reforestation projects, 2) conservation/Improved forest management Initiatives, 3) avoided conversion of forest land. Projects must demonstrate additionality to business-as-usual conditions.

Region: British Columbia

Sector: Agriculture

Status: Developed

Type: Market-based tradable commodity

Mitigation: Carbon sequestration

Emissions / Actions covered: Increase the carbon sequestration capacity of forested land.

References: https://www2.gov.bc.ca/gov/content/environment/climate-change/industry/offset-projects/consultation

British Columbia Waste Announced Voluntary System improvements

Policy description: Clean BC commitment to divert 95% of organic waste from landfills.

Region: British Columbia

Sector: Waste

Status: Announced

Type: Voluntary

Mitigation: System improvements

Emissions / Actions covered: Non-combustion emissions associated with landfilled food waste.

References: https://cleanbc.gov.bc.ca/ https://news.gov.bc.ca/releases/2020ENV0002-000170

British Columbia Waste Developed Regulation Carbon capture and storage

Policy description: Regulations establishing criteria for landfill gas capture from municipal solid waste facilities. Owners or operators of regulated landfill sites must prepare an initial landfill gas generation assessment and report. For landfill sites estimated to generate at least 1,000 tonnes of methane in a calendar year, a landfill gas facilities design plan must be prepared that identifies plans to optimise landfill gas management. CleanBC had pledged to capture 75% of landfill gas, although this is not legislated.

Region: British Columbia

Sector: Waste

Status: Developed

Type: Regulation

Mitigation: Carbon capture and storage

Emissions / Actions covered: Non-combustion methane emissions from landfill sites that have over 100,000 tonnes of municipal solid waste, or received over 10,000 tonnes of municipal solid waste for disposal in any year since 2008.

References: https://www.bclaws.gov.bc.ca/civix/document/id/complete/statreg/391_2008

British Columbia Agriculture Developed Research and development System improvements

Policy description: Innovation funding support for the development of agrifood-related innovation to enhance the sector's competitiveness and sustainability. Key areas include energy and waste management, and climate change adaptation.

Region: British Columbia

Sector: Agriculture

Status: Developed

Type: Research and development

Mitigation: System improvements

Emissions / Actions covered: Support development of agrifood-related innovation to enhance competitiveness and sustainability.

References: https://www2.gov.bc.ca/gov/content/industry/agriculture-seafood/programs/canada-bc-agri-innovation

British Columbia Multi-sectoral Developed Market-based tradable commodity Fuel switching

Policy description: Provides an incentive to switch to a lower-carbon alternative in existing energy service processes.

Region: British Columbia

Sector: Multi-sectoral

Status: Developed

Type: Market-based tradable commodity

Mitigation: Fuel switching

Emissions / Actions covered: GHG emissions associated with existing energy service processes.

References: https://www2.gov.bc.ca/assets/gov/environment/climate-change/ind/protocol/bc_fuel_switch_protocol_2019.pdf

British Columbia Waste Developed Market-based tradable commodity Carbon capture and storage

Policy description: Provides an incentive to capture and destroy methane from landfills and the anaerobic digestion of organic wastes.

Region: British Columbia

Sector: Waste

Status: Developed

Type: Market-based tradable commodity

Mitigation: Carbon capture and storage

Emissions / Actions covered: Methane emissions through landfill gas management or anaerobic digestion of organic wastes.

References: https://www2.gov.bc.ca/gov/content/environment/climate-change/industry/offset-projects/offset-protocols

Manitoba Electricity Developed Carbon pricing Fuel switching

Policy description: Tax rate based on emissions intensity of specific types of coal, ranging from $14.27/t (lignite) to $31.90/t (petroleum coke).

Region: Manitoba

Sector: Electricity

Status: Developed

Type: Carbon pricing

Mitigation: Fuel switching

Emissions / Actions covered: Combustion emissions from coal-fired electricity generation.

References: https://web2.gov.mb.ca/laws/statutes/ccsm/e090e.php

Manitoba Electricity Developed Regulation Fuel switching

Policy description: Manitoba Hydro phased out its last coal-fired generating unit in 2018.

Region: Manitoba

Sector: Electricity

Status: Developed

Type: Regulation

Mitigation: Fuel switching

Emissions / Actions covered: Combustion emissions from coal-fired electricity generation.

References: https://www.hydro.mb.ca/corporate/facilities/generating_stations/

Manitoba Electricity Developed Regulation Efficiency increase

Policy description: Target savings of 22.5% in domestic electricity demand (average of 1.5% annually of domestic electricity consumption) and 11.25% in domestic natural gas demand (average of 0.75% annually of natural gas consumption) over 15 years.

Region: Manitoba

Sector: Electricity

Status: Developed

Type: Regulation

Mitigation: Efficiency increase

Emissions / Actions covered: Combustion emissions from electricity and natural gas use.

References: https://unfccc.int/documents/209928 https://web2.gov.mb.ca/bills/41-2/b019e.php#:~:text=SAVINGS%20TARGETS%20AND%20EFFICIENCY%20PLANS&text=In%20each%20of%20the%20following,in%20the%20immediately%20preceding%20year

Manitoba Multi-sectoral Developed Regulation Various

Policy description: Target of 1 MtCO2e cumulative emission reductions from 2018 to the end of 2022. To drive emissions reductions in a timely manner, the five-year carbon savings accounts will continue to be set according to the Climate and Green Plan Act.

Region: Manitoba

Sector: Multi-sectoral

Status: Developed

Type: Regulation

Mitigation: Various

Emissions / Actions covered: Continue to set carbon savings accounts according to Climate and Green Plan Action.

References: https://unfccc.int/documents/209928

Manitoba Transportation Developed Regulation Fuel switching

Policy description: Increase in minimum renewable fuel content requirement to 10% for gasoline and 5% for diesel, by volume.

Region: Manitoba

Sector: Transportation

Status: Developed

Type: Regulation

Mitigation: Fuel switching

Emissions / Actions covered: Combustion emissions from gasoline and diesel fuel for transportation.

References: https://reg.gov.mb.ca/detail/3340256

Manitoba Transportation Outdated Regulation Fuel switching

Policy description: Requires minimum renewable fuel content of 8.5% for gasoline and 2% for diesel by volume.

Region: Manitoba

Sector: Transportation

Status: Outdated

Type: Regulation

Mitigation: Fuel switching

Emissions / Actions covered: Combustion emissions from gasoline and diesel fuel for transportation.

References: https://www.gov.mb.ca/sd/environment_and_biodiversity/energy/biofuels/index.html

Manitoba LULUCF Developed Voluntary Carbon sequestration

Policy description: $102 million Conservation Trust to support programs related to conserving ecosystems, enhancing natural infrastructure, improving water quality, strengthening flood and drought mitigation, and adapting to climate change. The Trust supports increasing carbon sequestration.

Region: Manitoba

Sector: LULUCF

Status: Developed

Type: Voluntary

Mitigation: Carbon sequestration

Emissions / Actions covered: Combustion and non-combustion emissions from land use.

References: https://unfccc.int/documents/209928

Manitoba Agriculture Developed Voluntary Carbon sequestration

Policy description: The Government of Manitoba, Fertilizer Canada, and Keystone Agricultural Producers renewed their partnership in 2018 to promote 4R Nutrient Stewardship as an approach to sustainable nutrient beneficial management practices. The Memorandum of Understanding connects the Government of Manitoba’s objectives for environmental performance with the 4R Nutrient Stewardship programming that was created by the Canadian fertilizer industry.

Region: Manitoba

Sector: Agriculture

Status: Developed

Type: Voluntary

Mitigation: Carbon sequestration

Emissions / Actions covered: Non-combustion emissions from fertilizers.

References: https://unfccc.int/documents/209928

Manitoba Agriculture Developed Voluntary Efficiency increase

Policy description: $176 million over five years to Manitoba's agriculture and agri-food sector. The program supports the growth and sustainability of primary agriculture in Manitoba and has funding available for: developing new skills, technologies and products; increasing production and adding value to products; finding new markets; improving plant and animal health; supporting environmental sustainability; and supporting basic and applied research and development.

Region: Manitoba

Sector: Agriculture

Status: Developed

Type: Voluntary

Mitigation: Efficiency increase

Emissions / Actions covered: Combustion and non-combustion emissions from agricultural practices.

References: https://unfccc.int/documents/209928

Manitoba Multi-sectoral Developed Research and Development Fuel switching / Efficiency increase

Policy description: Five leading-edge businesses have been selected to receive over $350,000. The investment will help companies develop/commercialize new, innovative products and services.

Region: Manitoba

Sector: Multi-sectoral

Status: Developed

Type: Research and Development

Mitigation: Fuel switching / Efficiency increase

Emissions / Actions covered: Support companies in developing/commercializing new, innovative products/services.

References: https://publications.gc.ca/site/eng/9.847802/publication.html https://news.gov.mb.ca/news/?archive=&item=46821

Manitoba Agriculture Developing Research and Development Fuel Switching

Policy description: Manitoba's Prairie Agricultural Machinery Institute (PAMI) is researching and testing the displacement of fossil fuels with renewable energy for drying grains.

Region: Manitoba

Sector: Agriculture

Status: Developing

Type: Research and Development

Mitigation: Fuel Switching

Emissions / Actions covered: Support research on reducing emissions from grain drying.

References: https://publications.gc.ca/site/eng/9.847802/publication.html

Manitoba Agriculture Developed Voluntary Carbon sequestration

Policy description: $102 million to help producers and ranchers with projects such as restoring wetlands, planting windbreaks, and balancing drainage with water retention. Benefits from the program include improved water management, enhanced sustainable agricultural production, improved biodiversity and habitats, and carbon sequestration and storage.

Region: Manitoba

Sector: Agriculture

Status: Developed

Type: Voluntary

Mitigation: Carbon sequestration

Emissions / Actions covered: Combustion and non-combustion emissions from land use and agriculture practices.

References: https://unfccc.int/documents/209928

Manitoba Transportation Developed Voluntary Fuel switching / Efficiency increase

Policy description: $11.8 million ($5.9 million from the Low Carbon Economy Leadership Fund) over 3 years for heavy-duty vehicle efficiency retrofits. 61 applications were approved in 2020. 423 trucks and 414 trailers have received fuel-saving/emissions-reduction retrofits.

Region: Manitoba

Sector: Transportation

Status: Developed

Type: Voluntary

Mitigation: Fuel switching / Efficiency increase

Emissions / Actions covered: Combustion emissions from freight transportation.

References: https://news.gov.mb.ca/news/index.html?item=46913&posted=2020-03-06 https://publications.gc.ca/site/eng/9.847802/publication.html

Manitoba Transportation Developed Voluntary Fuel switching

Policy description: The Manitoba government is committed to removing 400 vehicles from the government vehicle fleet. The Government of Manitoba reduced its vehicle fleet by 465 units, exceeding the commitments to remove 400 vehicles from the fleet.

Region: Manitoba

Sector: Transportation

Status: Developed

Type: Voluntary

Mitigation: Fuel switching

Emissions / Actions covered: Combustion emissions from the Manitoba government's vehicle fleet.

References: https://unfccc.int/documents/209928 https://publications.gc.ca/site/eng/9.847802/publication.html

Manitoba Waste Developed Voluntary Carbon capture and storage

Policy description: Reduce Manitoba’s emissions by expanding methane capture technology at the Brady Road Landfill in Winnipeg. The project is co-funded by the federal government under the Low Carbon Economy Fund. The estimated mitigation impact in 2030 is 39.5 KtCO2e.

Region: Manitoba

Sector: Waste

Status: Developed

Type: Voluntary

Mitigation: Carbon capture and storage

Emissions / Actions covered: Non-combustion emissions from municipal waste.

References: https://unfccc.int/documents/209928

Manitoba Buildings Developed Government spending / Subsidy Efficiency increase

Policy description: Savings targets of 22.5% of domestic electricity demand (an average of 1.5% annually of domestic electricity consumption) and 11.25% of domestic natural gas demand (an average of 0.75% annually of natural gas consumption) over 15 years. Manitoba Hydro provides management programs to residential, commercial, and industrial customers to help them reduce electricity and natural gas use. The start date of this policy was in 2020, when the energy efficiency programming was transitioned to Efficiency Manitoba, as per the Efficiency Manitoba Act. Efficiency Manitoba is a new Crown corporation with the sole purpose of administering and delivering energy savings in a cost-effective manner to consumers.

Region: Manitoba

Sector: Buildings

Status: Developed

Type: Government spending / Subsidy

Mitigation: Efficiency increase

Emissions / Actions covered: Help industrial, commerical and residential customers for electricity and natural gas increase their energy efficiency and reduce their energy consumption.

References: https://unfccc.int/documents/209928

Manitoba Electricity Developed Government spending / Subsidy Fuel switching

Policy description: Construction of a 695 MW hydro generating station. All units within the generating station became operational in 2022.

Region: Manitoba

Sector: Electricity

Status: Developed

Type: Government spending / Subsidy

Mitigation: Fuel switching

Emissions / Actions covered: Support construction of a hydro generating station.

References: https://www.hydro.mb.ca/projects/keeyask/ https://keeyask.com/wp-content/uploads/2022/06/KPMU-Newsletter_SPRING-2022_web-final.pdf

New Brunswick Buildings Developed Voluntary Fuel switching / Efficiency increase

Policy description: Estimated mitigation impact of 162 KtCO2e by 2030 through re-commissioning of building systems, upgrading lighting, utilizing lower-emission fuels, and implementing renewable energy systems in provincially operated buildings.

Region: New Brunswick

Sector: Buildings

Status: Developed

Type: Voluntary

Mitigation: Fuel switching / Efficiency increase

Emissions / Actions covered: Increase energy efficiency of government buildings and reduce their combustion emissions.

References: https://unfccc.int/documents/209928

New Brunswick Buildings Developed Government spending / Subsidy Efficiency increase

Policy description: Estimated mitigation impact of 260 KtCO2e by 2030 through the mandate of NB Power, New Brunswick's primary electricity utility, to "promote energy efficiency measures in the residential, community and business sectors; develop and deliver programs and initiatives in relation to energy efficiency; promote the development of an energy efficiency service industry; act as a central resource for the promotion of energy efficiency; and raise awareness of how energy efficiency measures can lead to a more reliable energy supply for New Brunswick." For example, NB Power's Commercial Buildings Retrofit Program provides up to $3,000 for commercial building evaluations for energy efficiency retrofits and up to $100,000 for energy retrofit projects.

Region: New Brunswick

Sector: Buildings

Status: Developed

Type: Government spending / Subsidy

Mitigation: Efficiency increase

Emissions / Actions covered: Increase energy efficiency of residential, community, and commercial buildings.

References: https://unfccc.int/documents/209928 https://renewablesnb.ca/incentives/#:~:text=NB%20Power%20Commercial%20Buildings%20Retrofit%20Program&text=Any%20commercial%20building%20within%20the,towards%20energy%20retrofitting%20project%20costs

New Brunswick Multi-sectoral Developed Regulation Efficiency increase

Policy description: Buildings and industry sectors Increased the required minimum efficiency levels of appliances and equipment sold in New Brunswick. Efficiency levels and performance standards of appliances and equipment will be updated on a two-year cycle. As well, New Brunswick worked with B.C., Ontario, Quebec and Manitoba to reconcile home appliance efficiency standards with federal standards through the Regulatory Reconciliation and Cooperation Table.

Region: New Brunswick

Sector: Multi-sectoral

Status: Developed

Type: Regulation

Mitigation: Efficiency increase

Emissions / Actions covered: Improve efficiency standards for products (appliances and equipment) sold in-province.

References: https://unfccc.int/documents/209928 https://publications.gc.ca/collections/collection_2022/eccc/En1-77-2020-eng.pdf https://www2.gnb.ca/content/gnb/en/departments/erd/energy/content/energy_blueprint/content/appliances.html

New Brunswick Electricity Developed Regulation Fuel switching

Policy description: Set under the Electricity Act, New Brunswick's Renewable Portfolio Standard requires NB Power to ensure that 40% of annual in-province electricity sales are generated from renewable energy sources from the end of 2020 onwards. Imports of renewable energy from other jurisdictions qualify for compliance, as do energy efficiency improvements. With this regulation, 75% of New Brunswick's electricity demand will be met by either renewable or non-emitting energy sources as an additional 35% of electricity will be generated by the Point Lepreau Nuclear Generating Station.

Region: New Brunswick

Sector: Electricity

Status: Developed

Type: Regulation

Mitigation: Fuel switching

Emissions / Actions covered: Increase renewable electricity generation.

References: https://www2.gnb.ca/content/gnb/en/departments/erd/energy/content/energy_blueprint/content/renewable_portfolio.html#:~:text=Therefore%20by%202020%2C%2075%20percent,reasonable%20level%20of%20generation%20diversity https://unfccc.int/documents/209928 https://www.canlii.org/en/nb/laws/regu/nb-reg-2015-60/latest/nb-reg-2015-60.html

New Brunswick Electricity Developing Regulation Fuel switching

Policy description: Requirement to eliminate coal-generated electricity by 2030 or "achieve an equivalent electricity-generation GHG reduction" in line with the federal Regulations Amending the Reduction of CO2 Emissions from Coal-fired Generation of Electricity Regulations. It is not yet clear how this federally mandated regulation will be completely met in New Brunswick as NB Power's Belledune generating station, a coal-fired electricity station, is still operational.

Region: New Brunswick

Sector: Electricity

Status: Developing

Type: Regulation

Mitigation: Fuel switching

Emissions / Actions covered: Combustion emissions from coal-generated electricity.

References: https://unfccc.int/documents/209928 https://www.nbpower.com/media/1490323/2020-irp-en-2020-11-17.pdf

New Brunswick Waste Developed Voluntary Carbon capture and storage

Policy description: Estimated mitigation impact of 280 KtCO2e by 2030 through the installation systems to capture methane gas at six municipal solid waste landfills. Five of these landfills are also generating electricity from the captured biogas.

Region: New Brunswick

Sector: Waste

Status: Developed

Type: Voluntary

Mitigation: Carbon capture and storage

Emissions / Actions covered: Increase the rates of methane capture and use at landfills.

References: https://unfccc.int/documents/209928

New Brunswick Multi-sectoral Developed Carbon pricing / Tradable performance standard Various

Policy description: Standard to achieve incremental reduction in GHG intensity by 10% by 2030 for large industrial emitters and additional incremental GHG emissions reductions for electricity generators. Estimated mitigation impact by 2030 is 500 KtCO2e. New Brunswick's Output-Based Pricing System (OBPS), implemented through The Reduction of Greenhouse Gas Emissions Regulation under The Climate Act, meets the federal government's OBPS backstop requirements. Large industrial facilities, those emitting 50,000 tonnes or more of CO2e annually (including those generating electricity), must reduce their emissions intensity in accordance with this regulation. Facilities have various compliance options, including: • Reducing their GHG emissions, • Paying a fee of $50/tCO2e emissions exceeding their limit to the provincial government, and • Purchasing credits per tonne of CO2e emissions exceeding their limit from the provincial government.

Region: New Brunswick

Sector: Multi-sectoral

Status: Developed

Type: Carbon pricing / Tradable performance standard

Mitigation: Various

Emissions / Actions covered: Combustion emissions from large industrial facilities and electricity generators (emitters of 50,000 tonnes or more of CO2e annually).

References: https://unfccc.int/documents/209928 https://publications.gc.ca/collections/collection_2022/eccc/En1-77-2020-eng.pdf https://www2.gnb.ca/content/dam/gnb/Departments/ag-pg/PDF/RegulationsReglements/2021/2021-43.pdf

New Brunswick Multi-sectoral Developed Carbon pricing Various

Policy description: For 2022-23, New Brunswick's carbon tax is set to increase from $40/tCO2e to $50/tCO2e and applies to various fuels, including: gasoline, motive fuels (such as kerosene, propane, natural gas, crude oil, furnace oil, stove oil, diesel, biodiesel), and other carbon-emitting products (butane, diesel fuel, ethane, gas liquids, heavy fuel oil, light fuel oil, methanol, naphtha, petroleum coke, pentanes plus, propane, coke oven gas, marketable natural gas, still gas, coal, high heat value coal, low heat value coal, combustible waste). The carbon tax, implemented under the Gasoline and Motive Fuel Tax Act, meets the federal benchmark.

Region: New Brunswick

Sector: Multi-sectoral

Status: Developed

Type: Carbon pricing

Mitigation: Various

Emissions / Actions covered: Combustion emissions from gasoline, motive fuels, and other carbon-emitting products (excluding kerosene and aviation fuel).

References: https://unfccc.int/documents/209928 https://publications.gc.ca/collections/collection_2022/eccc/En1-77-2020-eng.pdf https://www2.gnb.ca/content/gnb/en/departments/finance/taxes/gasoline_motive_fueltax.html https://www2.gnb.ca/content/gnb/en/news/news_release.2022.03.0168.html#:~:text=It%20is%20designed%20to%20allow,per%20tonne%2C%20effective%20April%201.

New Brunswick Transportation Developed Government spending / Subsidy Fuel switching

Policy description: Continued investment in electric vehicle (EV) charging stations through New Brunswick's electric vehicle strategy as a first step to support future EV procurement. New Brunswick's goal is to have 20,000 EVs registered by 2030 for an estimated mitigation impact of 40 KtCO2e by 2030. New Brunswick's current EV charging network includes 26 level 3 fast-charging stations and 95 regular charging stations. New Brunswick is also currently evaluating the results from their electric school bus pilot project.

Region: New Brunswick

Sector: Transportation

Status: Developed

Type: Government spending / Subsidy

Mitigation: Fuel switching

Emissions / Actions covered: Expand EV charging network.

References: https://unfccc.int/documents/209928 https://publications.gc.ca/collections/collection_2022/eccc/En1-77-2020-eng.pdf

New Brunswick Buildings Developed Government spending / Subsidy Efficiency increase

Policy description: Incentives-based program supporting residential energy efficiency improvements. In 2020, 3,000 households completed efficiency upgrades and received an average of $1,300 of funding per home.

Region: New Brunswick

Sector: Buildings

Status: Developed

Type: Government spending / Subsidy

Mitigation: Efficiency increase

Emissions / Actions covered: Increase energy efficiency of existing residential buildings.

References: https://publications.gc.ca/collections/collection_2022/eccc/En1-77-2020-eng.pdf

New Brunswick Buildings Developed Government spending / Subsidy Efficiency increase

Policy description: Program providing insulation installation and air sealing measures for home energy savings at no cost to low-income households.

Region: New Brunswick

Sector: Buildings

Status: Developed

Type: Government spending / Subsidy

Mitigation: Efficiency increase

Emissions / Actions covered: Increase energy efficiency of existing residential buildings for low-income households.

References: https://publications.gc.ca/collections/collection_2022/eccc/En1-77-2020-eng.pdf

New Brunswick Buildings Developed Government spending / Subsidy Efficiency increase

Policy description: $1.25 million of funding to support new residential builds implementing energy saving measures.

Region: New Brunswick

Sector: Buildings

Status: Developed

Type: Government spending / Subsidy

Mitigation: Efficiency increase

Emissions / Actions covered: Increase energy efficiency of new residential buildings.

References: https://publications.gc.ca/collections/collection_2022/eccc/En1-77-2020-eng.pdf

New Brunswick Buildings Developed Regulation System improvements

Policy description: Promote the use of wood, a low-emissions building material, for construction of government buildings to increase the lifespan of stored carbon.

Region: New Brunswick

Sector: Buildings

Status: Developed

Type: Regulation

Mitigation: System improvements

Emissions / Actions covered: Increase use of wood in government building construction.

References: https://publications.gc.ca/collections/collection_2022/eccc/En1-77-2020-eng.pdf https://www2.gnb.ca/content/dam/gnb/Departments/trans/pdf/en/GreenBuildingPolicy.pdf

New Brunswick Buildings Developed Government spending / Subsidy Efficiency increase

Policy description: A $6.6 million investment, which included $2 million from the federal Climate Action Incentive Fund, to improve the energy efficiency of government buildings and operations. Through this investment, "forty-six building retrofit projects were completed with Departments of Health; Education and Early Childhood Development; Transportation and Infrastructure and Community Colleges." As well, multiple hospitals and schools received ENERGY STAR® Certification for their energy management programs.

Region: New Brunswick

Sector: Buildings

Status: Developed

Type: Government spending / Subsidy

Mitigation: Efficiency increase

Emissions / Actions covered: Increase energy efficiency of government buildings.

References: https://publications.gc.ca/collections/collection_2022/eccc/En1-77-2020-eng.pdf

New Brunswick Electricity Developed Research and development Fuel switching

Policy description: Research group supporting the development and deployment of SMRs for non-emitting electricity generation. New Brunswick also supported the federal government's Small Modular Reactor (SMR) Action Plan.

Region: New Brunswick

Sector: Electricity

Status: Developed

Type: Research and development

Mitigation: Fuel switching

Emissions / Actions covered: Advance non-emitting electricity generation technology.

References: https://publications.gc.ca/collections/collection_2022/eccc/En1-77-2020-eng.pdf

New Brunswick Transportation Developing Research and development Fuel switching

Policy description: Collaboration with the federal government to monitor technological advancements in lower-emission fuels for long-haul trucking.

Region: New Brunswick

Sector: Transportation

Status: Developing

Type: Research and development

Mitigation: Fuel switching

Emissions / Actions covered: Combustion emissions from long-haul trucking transportation.

References: https://publications.gc.ca/collections/collection_2022/eccc/En1-77-2020-eng.pdf

New Brunswick Industry Developed Regulation Fuel switching

Policy description: Continued regulation of halocarbons, including hydrofluorocarbons (HFCs).

Region: New Brunswick

Sector: Industry

Status: Developed

Type: Regulation

Mitigation: Fuel switching

Emissions / Actions covered: Ozone-depleting substances and halocarbons.

References: https://publications.gc.ca/collections/collection_2022/eccc/En1-77-2020-eng.pdf

New Brunswick Multi-sectoral Developed Government spending / Subsidy Fuel switching

Policy description: Industry, transport and electricity sectors Continued investment in large-scale bioenergy and biofuel projects, including support for a wood pellet boiler system that will reduce fuel oil consumption by an estimated 440,000L annually.

Region: New Brunswick

Sector: Multi-sectoral

Status: Developed

Type: Government spending / Subsidy

Mitigation: Fuel switching

Emissions / Actions covered: Advance the production of bioenergy and biofuels.

References: https://publications.gc.ca/collections/collection_2022/eccc/En1-77-2020-eng.pdf

Newfoundland and Labrador Buildings Developed Government spending / Subsidy Efficiency increase

Policy description: $8 million invested over six years (from 2018 to 2024), with $6 million from the Province and $2 million from the federal government through the Low Carbon Economy Leadership Fund, to assist low-income, oil-heated households make energy efficiency improvements to existing homes.

Region: Newfoundland and Labrador

Sector: Buildings

Status: Developed

Type: Government spending / Subsidy

Mitigation: Efficiency increase

Emissions / Actions covered: Increase energy efficiency of residential buildings for low-income households.

References: https://publications.gc.ca/collections/collection_2022/eccc/En1-77-2020-eng.pdf https://www.gov.nl.ca/ecc/occ/low-carbon-economy-programs/homeenergysavings/

Newfoundland and Labrador Buildings Developed Government spending / Subsidy Fuel switching / Efficiency increase

Policy description: $48.5 million investment from 2018-2024, consisting of a provincial investment of $24.3 million and a matched $24.3 million investment through the federal Low Carbon Economy Leadership Fund, to continue retrofits in public buildings retrofits, including Memorial University, to implement clean electricity and energy efficiency improvements.

Region: Newfoundland and Labrador

Sector: Buildings

Status: Developed

Type: Government spending / Subsidy

Mitigation: Fuel switching / Efficiency increase

Emissions / Actions covered: Increase energy efficiency of government buildings and reduce their combustion emissions.

References: https://publications.gc.ca/collections/collection_2022/eccc/En1-77-2020-eng.pdf https://www.gov.nl.ca/ecc/occ/low-carbon-economy-programs/publicbuildingsfuelswitching/

Newfoundland and Labrador Buildings Developed Government spending / Subsidy Fuel switching / Efficiency increase

Policy description: Budget 2022 provided $2 million. Budget now increased to $5 million. The program provides incentives of up to $5,000 per household to switch from il-based heating to electricity.

Region: Newfoundland and Labrador

Sector: Buildings

Status: Developed

Type: Government spending / Subsidy

Mitigation: Fuel switching / Efficiency increase

Emissions / Actions covered: Fuel switch from oil heat to electricity

References: https://nlhydro.com/customer-service/energy-savings/oil-to-electric-rebate/

Newfoundland and Labrador Transportation Developed Government spending / Subsidy Fuel switching / Efficiency increase

Policy description: Funding, with support from the federal Low Carbon Economy Leadership Fund, to assist retrofits of public trucks and snowplows for efficiency improvements and fuel switching.

Region: Newfoundland and Labrador

Sector: Transportation

Status: Developed

Type: Government spending / Subsidy

Mitigation: Fuel switching / Efficiency increase

Emissions / Actions covered: Increase the efficiency of government fleet (trucks and snowplows) and reduce their emissions.

References: https://publications.gc.ca/collections/collection_2022/eccc/En1-77-2020-eng.pdf

Newfoundland and Labrador Buildings Developed Voluntary Fuel switching / Efficiency increase

Policy description: Requirement for new government buildings or buildings being funded by the government to achieve Leadership in Energy and Environmental Design (LEED) Silver status. By 2020, 68 buildings had registered under the LEED system.

Region: Newfoundland and Labrador

Sector: Buildings

Status: Developed

Type: Voluntary

Mitigation: Fuel switching / Efficiency increase

Emissions / Actions covered: Increase the energy efficiency of new government buildings or government-funded buildings and reduce their combustion emissions.

References: https://publications.gc.ca/collections/collection_2022/eccc/En1-77-2020-eng.pdf https://www.gov.nl.ca/iet/files/publications-energy-betterbuildingspolicy.pdf

Newfoundland and Labrador Electricity Developed Government spending / Subsidy Fuel switching

Policy description: Hydroelectric project with a capacity of 824 MW that replaces a thermal oil electricity generating plant, resulting in 98% of Newfoundland and Labrador's electricity consumption coming from renewable energy sources. The estimated annual mitigation impact in 2030 is 1,400 KtCO2e. This project will also support GHG reductions of at least 1 Mt annually in other provinces, such as Nova Scotia.

Region: Newfoundland and Labrador

Sector: Electricity

Status: Developed

Type: Government spending / Subsidy

Mitigation: Fuel switching

Emissions / Actions covered: Increase hydroelectric electricity generation.

References: https://muskratfalls.nalcorenergy.com/project-overview/ https://unfccc.int/documents/209928

Newfoundland and Labrador Electricity Developed Voluntary Fuel switching

Policy description: Strategy to increase the capacity and demand for renewable electricity across Newfoundland and Labrador, including northern, remote, and Indigenous communities relying on isolated diesel systems. Includes provision for renewable energy development for export markets.

Region: Newfoundland and Labrador

Sector: Electricity

Status: Developed

Type: Voluntary

Mitigation: Fuel switching

Emissions / Actions covered: Increase renewable electricity generation and facilitate increased demand for renewable energy through fuel switching.

References: https://unfccc.int/documents/209928 https://www.gov.nl.ca/iet/renewable-energy-plan/

Newfoundland and Labrador Buildings Developed Information Fuel switching / Efficiency increase

Policy description: Non-financial support (policy support) to the Nunatsiavut Government's five communities through their Nunatsiavut Energy Security Working Group by working on a joint application for federal funding for 300 high-efficiency wood stoves in Nunatsiavut communities. Also working to support the Nunatsiavut Government’s Nain Remote Micro Grid Project.

Region: Newfoundland and Labrador

Sector: Buildings

Status: Developed

Type: Information

Mitigation: Fuel switching / Efficiency increase

Emissions / Actions covered: Increase energy security (such as energy for space heating) for Indigenous communities.

References: https://publications.gc.ca/collections/collection_2022/eccc/En1-77-2020-eng.pdf https://www.gov.nl.ca/iet/files/Renewable-Energy-Plan-Final.pdf

Newfoundland and Labrador Multi-sectoral Developed Government spending / Subsidy System improvements

Policy description: A $38 million investment (including $10.5 million also counted in the public buildings initiative above), with support from the federal government's Low Carbon Economy Leadership Fund, that provides funds for a range of projects targeting emission reductions from heavy industry and other sectors. Projects eligible for funding support include carbon sequestration projects; projects supporting energy efficiency enhancements and fuel switching within the commercial, industrial, and public sectors; process changes reducing emissions from industry; initiatives reducing emissions in the forestry, agricultural, and waste sectors; and various transportation retrofits. The Climate Change Challenge Fund (CCCF) will be run over five fiscal years starting in 2019.

Region: Newfoundland and Labrador

Sector: Multi-sectoral

Status: Developed

Type: Government spending / Subsidy

Mitigation: System improvements

Emissions / Actions covered: Provide funding support for a wide range of emission-reduction projects.

References: https://unfccc.int/documents/209928. https://www.gov.nl.ca/ecc/occ/low-carbon-economy-programs/climatechangechallenge/

Newfoundland and Labrador Transportation Developed Government spending / Subsidy Fuel switching

Policy description: $2,500 incentive for Battery Electric Vehicles (BEVs) and $1500 for Plug-in Hybrid Electric Vehicles (PHEVs). Budget 2022 provided $875,000.

Region: Newfoundland and Labrador

Sector: Transportation

Status: Developed

Type: Government spending / Subsidy

Mitigation: Fuel switching

Emissions / Actions covered: Increase adoption of EVs.

References: https://nlhydro.com/electric-vehicles/ev-rebate/

Newfoundland and Labrador Transportation Developed Government spending / Subsidy Fuel switching

Policy description: Investment to support increased adoption of electric vehicles by adding 14 level 3 fast-charging stations along the Trans Canada Highway within Newfoundland and Labrador. A further 19 locations were subsequently funded by the utilities. Further expansion of this charging network is being explored. Budget 2022 provided for $2 million for the provincial government to further expand the fast charging network.

Region: Newfoundland and Labrador

Sector: Transportation

Status: Developed

Type: Government spending / Subsidy

Mitigation: Fuel switching

Emissions / Actions covered: Increase adoption of EVs.

References: https://unfccc.int/documents/209928 https://publications.gc.ca/collections/collection_2022/eccc/En1-77-2020-eng.pdf

Newfoundland and Labrador Multi-sectoral Developed Carbon pricing Various

Policy description: A hybrid carbon-pricing system developed to facilitate progress toward Newfoundland and Labrador's target to reduce their GHG emissions by 30% below 2005 levels by 2030. For all but industry (large emitters), a carbon tax, similar to the federal carbon tax, is applied "at the pump" on transportation, building fuels, electricity generation, and other fossil fuel combustion activity. This system meets the federal backstop requirements for both the federal fuel charge and federal output-based pricing system (OBPS).

Region: Newfoundland and Labrador

Sector: Multi-sectoral

Status: Developed

Type: Carbon pricing

Mitigation: Various

Emissions / Actions covered: • Carbon tax charged on transportation and building fuels, electricity generation, and other fossil fuel combustion activity (excluding fuel used in aviation and other consumption of carbon products). Some exemptions apply. • OBPS applied to industrial and electricity-generation facilities emitting over 25,000 tCO2e annually.

References: https://unfccc.int/documents/209928 https://publications.gc.ca/collections/collection_2022/eccc/En1-77-2020-eng.pdf https://www.assembly.nl.ca/legislation/sr/regulations/rc110073.htm https://assembly.nl.ca/Legislation/sr/regulations/rc180116.htm

Newfoundland and Labrador Oil and gas Developed Regulation Various

Policy description: Methane regulations came into force in 2018 under the Canadian Environmental Protection Act, 1999 (CEPA). In collaboration with the federal government, Newfoundland and Labrador is working to establish methane emission regulations in line with the federal methane emission regulations under CEPA. Newfoundland and Labrador's regulations, similar to existing federal regulations, will provide specific structure for their offshore petroleum facilities.

Region: Newfoundland and Labrador

Sector: Oil and gas

Status: Developed

Type: Regulation

Mitigation: Various

Emissions / Actions covered: Combustion methane emissions from venting and flaring.

References: https://unfccc.int/documents/209928

Newfoundland and Labrador Oil and gas Developed Regulation System improvements

Policy description: The Canada-Newfoundland and Labrador Offshore Petroleum Board, similar to other regulators in Canada, introduced flaring limits starting in 2016 in line with the World Bank Standard on flaring.

Region: Newfoundland and Labrador

Sector: Oil and gas

Status: Developed

Type: Regulation

Mitigation: System improvements

Emissions / Actions covered: Flaring limits

References:

Newfoundland and Labrador Waste Developed Voluntary System improvements

Policy description: Initiatives to reduce methane emissions from landfills include waste diversion to reduce landfill volumes and increase composting. As well, efforts include electricity generation from biogas.

Region: Newfoundland and Labrador

Sector: Waste

Status: Developed

Type: Voluntary

Mitigation: System improvements

Emissions / Actions covered: Non-combustion methane emissions from landfills.

References: https://unfccc.int/documents/209928

Newfoundland and Labrador Industry Developed Carbon pricing / Tradable performance standard Various

Policy description: Regulations implementing the output-based performance standard component, under The Management of Greenhouse Gas Act, to Newfoundland and Labrador's hybrid carbon pricing system. Further, an output-based performance standard is applied to large industrial emitters and large-scale electricity generation. Facilities emitting more than 25,000 tCO2e annually are required to participate in the output-based performance standard. Facilities emitting between 15,000 tCO2e to 25,000 tCO2e annually can choose whether or not to participate in the output-based performance standard. Facilities emitting less than the threshold or that who have chosen not to participate must pay the carbon tax. Participating facilities must meet emissions intensity reduction levels each year; otherwise, there are additional compliance mechanisms through a credit-based system. This hybrid carbon pricing system began in 2019 and applies to both on- and off-shore facilities.

Region: Newfoundland and Labrador

Sector: Industry

Status: Developed

Type: Carbon pricing / Tradable performance standard

Mitigation: Various

Emissions / Actions covered: Combustion emissions from industrial and electricity-generation facilities emitting over 25,000 tCO2e annually.

References: https://publications.gc.ca/collections/collection_2022/eccc/En1-77-2020-eng.pdf https://assembly.nl.ca/Legislation/sr/regulations/rc180116.htm

Newfoundland and Labrador Multi-sectoral Developed Carbon pricing Various

Policy description: Regulations implementing the carbon tax component, under The Revenue Administration Act, to Newfoundland and Labrador's hybrid carbon pricing system.

Region: Newfoundland and Labrador

Sector: Multi-sectoral

Status: Developed

Type: Carbon pricing

Mitigation: Various

Emissions / Actions covered: Combustion emissions from transportation and building fuels, electricity generation, and other fossil fuel combustion activity (excluding fuel used in aviation and other consumption of carbon products).

References: https://publications.gc.ca/collections/collection_2022/eccc/En1-77-2020-eng.pdf https://www.assembly.nl.ca/legislation/sr/regulations/rc110073.htm

Newfoundland and Labrador Multi-sectoral Developed Research and development Various

Policy description: Funding to innovative entrepreneurs and cleantech companies for research and development projects.

Region: Newfoundland and Labrador

Sector: Multi-sectoral

Status: Developed

Type: Research and development

Mitigation: Various

Emissions / Actions covered: Advance research and development of clean technologies.

References: https://publications.gc.ca/collections/collection_2022/eccc/En1-77-2020-eng.pdf

Newfoundland and Labrador Multi-sectoral Developed Regulation Fuel switching / Efficiency increase

Policy description: Canadian Controlled Private Corporations (CCPCs) that invest in equipment that generates or conserves renewable-source energy, uses fuels from waste, or makes efficient use of fossil fuels may be entitled to a credit equal to 20% of the capital cost of that equipment.

Region: Newfoundland and Labrador

Sector: Multi-sectoral

Status: Developed

Type: Regulation

Mitigation: Fuel switching / Efficiency increase

Emissions / Actions covered: Tax credit for cleantech investments.

References: https://www.gov.nl.ca/fin/tax-programs-incentives/business/green-tech-tax-credit-gttc/

Northwest Territories Electricity Developed Government spending / Subsidy Fuel switching / Efficiency increase

Policy description: $3.8 million allocated in 2020 for nine energy conservation retrofit projects on government buildings. Further, this fund supported the development of a large-scale biomass system for one government building. This program provides funding to improve the efficiency of government buildings and assets "through energy audits, building surveys and energy benchmarking."

Region: Northwest Territories

Sector: Electricity

Status: Developed

Type: Government spending / Subsidy

Mitigation: Fuel switching / Efficiency increase

Emissions / Actions covered: Increase the energy efficiency of government buildings and assets and reduce their combustion emissions.

References: https://publications.gc.ca/collections/collection_2022/eccc/En1-77-2020-eng.pdf https://unfccc.int/documents/209928

Northwest Territories Buildings Developed Government spending / Subsidy Fuel switching / Efficiency increase

Policy description: Funding program providing incentives and rebates to promote increased energy efficiency including: • Energy Efficiency Incentive Program—provides "rebates for energy efficient appliances, residential retrofits, and new homes"; • Alternative Technologies Program—provides support to "Indigenous and community governments, non-profit organizations, commercial businesses, and residents to convert to renewable and clean energies"; and • Commercial Energy Conservation and Efficiency Program—provides eligible small businesses free energy audits and rebates on the cost of retrofit expenses.

Region: Northwest Territories

Sector: Buildings

Status: Developed

Type: Government spending / Subsidy

Mitigation: Fuel switching / Efficiency increase

Emissions / Actions covered: Increase the energy efficiency of residential and some commercial buildings and reduce their combustion emissions through cleaner fuel choices.

References: https://unfccc.int/documents/209928 https://aea.nt.ca

Northwest Territories Buildings Developed Government spending / Subsidy Fuel switching / Efficiency increase

Policy description: Funding, with support from the federal Low Carbon Economy Leadership Fund, for existing Arctic Energy Alliance programs and services and for new programs and services, including: • Low Income Energy Assistance, • Deep Home Energy Retrofits, • Energy Efficiency Rebates for NGOs, • Electric Heat Incentives, • Wood Stove Programs, and • Community Energy Planning Implementation.

Region: Northwest Territories

Sector: Buildings

Status: Developed

Type: Government spending / Subsidy

Mitigation: Fuel switching / Efficiency increase

Emissions / Actions covered: Increase the energy efficiency of buildings throughout the territory and reduce their combustion emissions.

References: https://unfccc.int/documents/209928 https://aea.nt.ca/about/annual-reports/

Northwest Territories Multi-sectoral Developed Government spending / Subsidy System improvements

Policy description: A program, with support from the federal Low Carbon Economy Leadership Fund, providing funding to the Northwest Territories government, municipalities, and Indigenous governments for a wide range of projects reducing greenhouse gas emissions. Projects may include energy efficiency retrofits to buildings and mobile equipment, replacement of energy systems with cleaner technologies, fuel-switching initiatives, non-infrastructure transportation projects, waste-to-energy projects, and methane capture and use projects. This program is set to end March 31, 2024. For example, this program provided $1.05 million of funding for the installation of wood pellet boilers at two school facilities in the territory. Both boilers are expected to reduce GHG emissions by 578 t/year and save approximately $97,000 in operating costs. This GHG Grant Program provides support beyond the fiscal capacity of Arctic Energy Alliance, a Northwest Territories non-profit organization working to improve energy savings and efficiency in the territory.

Region: Northwest Territories

Sector: Multi-sectoral

Status: Developed

Type: Government spending / Subsidy

Mitigation: System improvements

Emissions / Actions covered: Improve energy efficiency, and support government-led projects across multiple sectors to save energy and switch fuels.

References: https://unfccc.int/documents/209928 https://www.inf.gov.nt.ca/en/services/energy/ghg-grant-program-government

Northwest Territories Multi-sectoral Developed Government spending / Subsidy System improvements

Policy description: Buildings and Industry sectors A program, with support from the federal Low Carbon Economy Leadership Fund, providing funding to businesses, industry, and non-profit organizations for a wide range of projects reducing greenhouse gas emissions. Projects may include energy efficiency retrofits to buildings and mobile equipment, replacement of energy systems with cleaner technologies, fuel-switching initiatives, non-infrastructure transportation projects, waste-to-energy projects, and methane capture and use projects. This program is set to end March 31, 2024.

Region: Northwest Territories

Sector: Multi-sectoral

Status: Developed

Type: Government spending / Subsidy

Mitigation: System improvements

Emissions / Actions covered: Improve energy efficiency, and support projects led by businesses, industry, and non-profit organizations to save energy and switch fuels.

References: https://unfccc.int/documents/209928 https://www.inf.gov.nt.ca/en/services/energy/ghg-grant-program-buildings-and-industry

Northwest Territories Buildings Developed Information Efficiency increase

Policy description: Provides information, advice, incentives, and answers related to residential energy efficiency. Hosts the annual Energy Actions Awards. Conducts energy audits to further educate residents on energy-saving practices.

Region: Northwest Territories

Sector: Buildings

Status: Developed

Type: Information

Mitigation: Efficiency increase

Emissions / Actions covered: Increase education and awareness regarding residential energy savings practices.

References: https://unfccc.int/documents/209928

Northwest Territories Buildings Developed Government spending / Subsidy Fuel switching

Policy description: Installation of a 300 kW biomass boiler at Moose Kerr School.

Region: Northwest Territories

Sector: Buildings

Status: Developed

Type: Government spending / Subsidy

Mitigation: Fuel switching

Emissions / Actions covered: Reduce combustion emissions from fossil fuel use for space heating.

References: https://publications.gc.ca/collections/collection_2022/eccc/En1-77-2020-eng.pdf

Northwest Territories Multi-sectoral Developed Information Various

Policy description: A council established in 2020 to support information sharing, collaboration, and engagement initiatives related to climate change with Indigenous governments and organizations, local communities, and the Government of the Northwest Territories.

Region: Northwest Territories

Sector: Multi-sectoral

Status: Developed

Type: Information

Mitigation: Various

Emissions / Actions covered: Increase education and engagement on climate change issues with local community groups and governments.

References: https://publications.gc.ca/collections/collection_2022/eccc/En1-77-2020-eng.pdf

Northwest Territories Multi-sectoral Developed Carbon pricing Various

Policy description: These regulations, implemented under the Petroleum Products and Carbon Tax Act, establish the carbon tax, which began at $20/t of GHG emissions on carbon-based fossil fuels (excluding aviation fuel and wood) on September 1, 2019. This tax applies to residents, businesses, and government emitting less than 50,000 kt of GHG emissions annually and to large emitters, which are defined as emitters of more than 50,000 kt of GHG emissions annually. These regulations meet the federal backstop for the federal fuel charge and output-based pricing system (OBPS).

Region: Northwest Territories

Sector: Multi-sectoral

Status: Developed

Type: Carbon pricing

Mitigation: Various

Emissions / Actions covered: Combustion emissions from gasoline, motive diesel, non-motive diesel, railway, heating fuel, propane, natural gas, and naphtha (aviation fuel and fuel purchased by an Indigenous person or community as under the Indian Act).

References: https://publications.gc.ca/collections/collection_2022/eccc/En1-77-2020-eng.pdf https://www.justice.gov.nt.ca/en/files/legislation/petroleum-products-carbon-tax/petroleum-products-carbon-tax.r1.pdf https://www.gov.nt.ca/sites/flagship/files/documents/implementing_nwt_carbon_pricing.pdf https://www.fin.gov.nt.ca/en/services/carbon-tax

Northwest Territories Electricity Developed Voluntary Fuel switching

Policy description: Net metering system to allow individual households or communities to install up to 15 kW of renewable electricity generation on their land.

Region: Northwest Territories

Sector: Electricity

Status: Developed

Type: Voluntary

Mitigation: Fuel switching

Emissions / Actions covered: Increase renewable electricity generation.

References: https://publications.gc.ca/collections/collection_2022/eccc/En1-77-2020-eng.pdf https://www.inf.gov.nt.ca/en/NetMetering

Northwest Territories Electricity Developed Government spending / Subsidy Fuel switching

Policy description: Continued work on projects to reduce the use of diesel-generated electricity in remote communities, such as replacing diesel-electric facilities with liquefied natural gas (LNG) facilities.

Region: Northwest Territories

Sector: Electricity

Status: Developed

Type: Government spending / Subsidy

Mitigation: Fuel switching

Emissions / Actions covered: Reduce reliance on diesel-generated electricity.

References: https://publications.gc.ca/collections/collection_2022/eccc/En1-77-2020-eng.pdf

Northwest Territories Transportation Developed Government spending / Subsidy Efficiency increase

Policy description: Continued work to update airport infrastructure and equipment to reduce associated GHG emissions and energy consumption.

Region: Northwest Territories

Sector: Transportation

Status: Developed

Type: Government spending / Subsidy

Mitigation: Efficiency increase

Emissions / Actions covered: Energy efficiency improvements for airport infrastructure and equipment.

References: https://publications.gc.ca/collections/collection_2022/eccc/En1-77-2020-eng.pdf

Northwest Territories Transportation Developed Government spending / Subsidy Fuel switching

Policy description: Starting in 2020, a $5,000 rebate available for the purchase of an electric vehicle (EV) and a $500 rebate for a level-2 EV charger.

Region: Northwest Territories

Sector: Transportation

Status: Developed

Type: Government spending / Subsidy

Mitigation: Fuel switching

Emissions / Actions covered: Increase the use of EVs.

References: https://publications.gc.ca/collections/collection_2022/eccc/En1-77-2020-eng.pdf https://aea.nt.ca/program/electric-vehicle/

Northwest Territories Transportation Announced Government spending / Subsidy Fuel switching

Policy description: Following an electric vehicle (EV) charging infrastructure planning study that evaluated locations to install EV charging stations along Northwest Territories’ highways, the territory intends to partner with local utilities and secure funding to begin installing EV charging stations.

Region: Northwest Territories

Sector: Transportation

Status: Announced

Type: Government spending / Subsidy

Mitigation: Fuel switching

Emissions / Actions covered: Increase the use of EVs.

References: https://publications.gc.ca/collections/collection_2022/eccc/En1-77-2020-eng.pdf https://www.inf.gov.nt.ca/sites/inf/files/resources/gnwt_ev_assessment_final_30.10.20.pdf

Northwest Territories Multi-sectoral Developing Government spending / Subsidy Fuel switching / Mode shifting

Policy description: Transport and electricity sectors. Plan to enhance and add key transportation corridors throughout the territory to support the transition from high-GHG-emitting air transportation to lower-GHG-emitting ground transportation. Projects under this plan include: • Construction of the Tłicho All-Season Road, which began in 2020; • Addition of hydroelectricity transmission lines along new transportation corridors, including the Taltson Hydro Expansion project; and • Implementing infrastructure for electric vehicles (see EV charging infrastructure plan, above).

Region: Northwest Territories

Sector: Multi-sectoral

Status: Developing

Type: Government spending / Subsidy

Mitigation: Fuel switching / Mode shifting

Emissions / Actions covered: Increase lower-emitting modes of transportation over high-emitting air travel.

References: https://publications.gc.ca/collections/collection_2022/eccc/En1-77-2020-eng.pdf

Northwest Territories Buildings Developed Information Efficiency increase

Policy description: Updated the Good Building Practices for Northern Facilities manual to include updated building technology and construction practices, climate change considerations, and energy efficiency opportunities.

Region: Northwest Territories

Sector: Buildings

Status: Developed

Type: Information

Mitigation: Efficiency increase

Emissions / Actions covered: Increase the energy efficiency of buildings.

References: https://publications.gc.ca/collections/collection_2022/eccc/En1-77-2020-eng.pdf

Nova Scotia Buildings Developed Regulation Efficiency increase

Policy description: Reduce GHG emissions through re-commissioning building systems, upgrading lighting, converting to loweremissions fuel sources, and implementing renewable energy systems.

Region: Nova Scotia

Sector: Buildings

Status: Developed

Type: Regulation

Mitigation: Efficiency increase

Emissions / Actions covered: Combustion emissions from government buildings.

References: https://unfccc.int/documents/209928

Nova Scotia Buildings Developed Government spending / Subsidy Fuel switching / Efficiency increase

Policy description: $14 million to upgrade 80% of the 2,400 band-owned homes on reserves over ten years. 900 homes are targeted for the first four years. Upgrades include new insulation, heat pumps, and draft-proofing.

Region: Nova Scotia

Sector: Buildings

Status: Developed

Type: Government spending / Subsidy

Mitigation: Fuel switching / Efficiency increase

Emissions / Actions covered: Support emissions reductions from heating band-owned homes on reserves.

References: https://publications.gc.ca/site/eng/9.847802/publication.html

Nova Scotia Electricity Developed Research and Development Fuel switching / Mode shifting

Policy description: Funding to support research on tidal projects, hydrogen and geothermal energy, electricity grid issues, and economic modelling for renewable energy projects.

Region: Nova Scotia

Sector: Electricity

Status: Developed

Type: Research and Development

Mitigation: Fuel switching / Mode shifting

Emissions / Actions covered: Support research on clean energy generation.

References: https://publications.gc.ca/collections/collection_2022/eccc/En1-77-2020-eng.pdf

Nova Scotia Multi-sectoral Developing Research and Development Various

Policy description: Funding to support the hiring of post-secondary students, skills training, and student research. Specific programs to target the energy sector.

Region: Nova Scotia

Sector: Multi-sectoral

Status: Developing

Type: Research and Development

Mitigation: Various

Emissions / Actions covered: Support hiring of post-secondary students, skills training, and student research in energy sector.

References: https://publications.gc.ca/collections/collection_2022/eccc/En1-77-2020-eng.pdf

Nova Scotia Buildings Developed Government spending / Subsidy Efficiency increase

Policy description: Financial support for qualified energy managers in municipalities, universities, schools, and hospitals to increase cost-effective investments in energy efficiency.

Region: Nova Scotia

Sector: Buildings

Status: Developed

Type: Government spending / Subsidy

Mitigation: Efficiency increase

Emissions / Actions covered: Support energy managers to increase cost-effective energy efficiency investments.

References: https://publications.gc.ca/collections/collection_2022/eccc/En1-77-2020-eng.pdf

Nova Scotia Transportation Developed Government spending / Subsidy Fuel switching / Mode shifting

Policy description: $655,760 in grants to 14 clean transportation projects. The funding supports community projects dedicated to active transportation, clean fleets, and shared mobility.

Region: Nova Scotia

Sector: Transportation

Status: Developed

Type: Government spending / Subsidy

Mitigation: Fuel switching / Mode shifting

Emissions / Actions covered: Support community clean transportation projects.

References: https://publications.gc.ca/collections/collection_2022/eccc/En1-77-2020-eng.pdf

Nova Scotia Electricity Developed Regulation Efficiency increase

Policy description: Reduction of 4.5 Mt of GHG emissions by 2030 from the electricity sector.

Region: Nova Scotia

Sector: Electricity

Status: Developed

Type: Regulation

Mitigation: Efficiency increase

Emissions / Actions covered: Combustion emissions from electricity generation.

References: www.novascotia.ca/JUST/REGULATIONS/regs/envgreenhouse.htm

Nova Scotia Electricity Developed Regulation Fuel switching

Policy description: 25% of electricity consumption to be provided from renewable resources in 2015, increasing to 40% by 2020.

Region: Nova Scotia

Sector: Electricity

Status: Developed

Type: Regulation

Mitigation: Fuel switching

Emissions / Actions covered: Combustion emissions from electricity generation.

References: https://novascotia.ca/just/regulations/regs/elecrenew.htm

Nova Scotia Electricity Developed Regulation Efficiency increase

Policy description: Nova Scotia Power to purchase efficiency resources when they are cheaper than producing power. GHG emission reductions achieved through electricity efficiency are included in the GHG emission reduction estimates provided for the Nova Scotia Greenhouse Gas Emissions Regulations.

Region: Nova Scotia

Sector: Electricity

Status: Developed

Type: Regulation

Mitigation: Efficiency increase

Emissions / Actions covered: Combustion emissions from electricity use.

References: https://unfccc.int/documents/209928

Nova Scotia Electricity Developed Regulation Fuel switching

Policy description: Nova Scotia has implemented two regulations to address emissions from the electricity sector and to enhance the supply of renewables. Together, the regulations were expected to reduce 2,700 KtCO2e in 2020. The two regulations implement a mandatory declining cap on GHG emissions from electricity generation facilities. The baseline in 2017 was 10.2 Mt, and decreases were scheduled in progressive steps so the emissions would decline to 7,500 Kt or below by 2020 and further to 4,500 Kt or below by 2030. Total electricity GHG emission reductions in Nova Scotia for 2007 to 2030 are estimated to be at least 5,700 KtCO2e. The regulations required 40% of electricity supply to be generated from a mix of renewable sources such as wind, tidal, solar, hydro, and bioenergy by 2020.

Region: Nova Scotia

Sector: Electricity

Status: Developed

Type: Regulation

Mitigation: Fuel switching

Emissions / Actions covered: Combustion emissions from electricity generation.

References: https://unfccc.int/documents/209928

Nova Scotia Multi-sectoral Developed Carbon pricing / Tradable performance standard Various

Policy description: Industry and electricity sectors Annual caps on certain activities in Nova Scotia, including fuel suppliers, electricity importers and large final emitters.

Region: Nova Scotia

Sector: Multi-sectoral

Status: Developed

Type: Carbon pricing / Tradable performance standard

Mitigation: Various

Emissions / Actions covered: Combustion emissions from fuel production, electricity generation, and energy use/consumption.

References: https://climatechange.novascotia.ca/nova-scotias-cap-trade-program

Nova Scotia Waste Developed Regulation System improvements

Policy description: Ban on organics entering landfills in Nova Scotia. Currently, 55% of organic waste in Nova Scotia is diverted from landfills into aerobic processing. This converts the potential methane from these organics to CO2 emissions (which have 25 times less global warming potential).

Region: Nova Scotia

Sector: Waste

Status: Developed

Type: Regulation

Mitigation: System improvements

Emissions / Actions covered: Non-combustion emissions from landfills.

References: https://unfccc.int/documents/209928 https://novascotia.ca/just/regulations/regs/envsolid.htm

Nova Scotia Electricity Developing Government spending / Subsidy System improvements

Policy description: A transmission line that will connect Nova Scotia to hydroelectric generation from Newfoundland and Labrador (in particular, to the Muskrat Falls hydroelectric project).

Region: Nova Scotia

Sector: Electricity

Status: Developing

Type: Government spending / Subsidy

Mitigation: System improvements

Emissions / Actions covered: Expand energy transmission between Nova Scotia and Newfoundland and Labrador.

References: http://www.emeranl.com/en/home/themaritimelink/overview.aspx

Nova Scotia Electricity Developed Government spending / Subsidy Fuel switching

Policy description: $200 million to support deployment of renewable energy technologies and to expand commercially viable renewable energy sources available to provinces/territories reducing GHG emissions from electricity sectors. Four announced projects include: $29.8 million for an instream tidal project in the Bay of Fundy, Nova Scotia, $25.6 million for a deep geothermal project near Estevan, Saskatchewan, $15.3 million for a solar project near Suffield, Alberta, and $25.4 million for a deep geothermal project in the Municipal District of Greenview, Alberta.

Region: Nova Scotia

Sector: Electricity

Status: Developed

Type: Government spending / Subsidy

Mitigation: Fuel switching

Emissions / Actions covered: Support deployment of renewable energy technologies and expand commercially viable renewable energy sources.

References: https://unfccc.int/documents/209928

Nova Scotia Buildings Developed Government spending / Subsidy Efficiency increase

Policy description: Low-income households can qualify for home efficiency upgrades at no cost.

Region: Nova Scotia

Sector: Buildings

Status: Developed

Type: Government spending / Subsidy

Mitigation: Efficiency increase

Emissions / Actions covered: Help low-income households increase the energy efficiency of their homes.

References: https://unfccc.int/documents/209928

Nunavut Buildings Developed Voluntary Fuel switching / Efficiency increase

Policy description: Program with goals to reduce water, fuel, and electricity consumption by 20% through government building retrofit initiatives; to reduce GHG emissions by replacing diesel energy systems with renewable energy systems where feasible; and to explore opportunities for more energy efficiency building technologies.

Region: Nunavut

Sector: Buildings

Status: Developed

Type: Voluntary

Mitigation: Fuel switching / Efficiency increase

Emissions / Actions covered: Improve energy efficiency and consumption, and reduce combustion emissions from diesel-generated electricity.

References: https://unfccc.int/documents/209928

Nunavut Buildings Developed Government spending / Subsidy Efficiency increase

Policy description: Project supported by the federal Low Carbon Economy Fund to promote energy efficiency retrofits to public housing units, including: • Window and door replacements, • Hot water heater replacements, and • Furnace/boiler replacements. These retrofit and upgrade projects are being prioritized in the following communities: Kugluktuk, Taloyoak, Baker Lake, Coral Harbour, Rankin Inlet, Sanikiluaq, Hall Beach, Igloolik, and Iqaluit.

Region: Nunavut

Sector: Buildings

Status: Developed

Type: Government spending / Subsidy

Mitigation: Efficiency increase

Emissions / Actions covered: Increase energy efficiency in public housing.

References: https://unfccc.int/documents/209928

Nunavut Electricity Announced Government spending / Subsidy Fuel switching

Policy description: Planned amendments to the Qulliq Energy Corporation (QEC) Act to allow the utility to purchase power from independent power producers. This program plans to encourage independent power production from renewable energy sources by paying independent power producers the equivalent of what it would have cost to purchase diesel.

Region: Nunavut

Sector: Electricity

Status: Announced

Type: Government spending / Subsidy

Mitigation: Fuel switching

Emissions / Actions covered: Increase renewable electricity generation.

References: https://unfccc.int/documents/209928 https://www.qec.nu.ca/customer-care/generating-power/independent-power-producer-program

Nunavut Electricity Developed Government spending / Subsidy Fuel switching

Policy description: Program run by Nunavut's utility, Qulliq Energy Corporation (QEC), to encourage hamlets and residential customers to install their own renewable energy systems by offering communities and individuals credits for providing energy back into the grid.

Region: Nunavut

Sector: Electricity

Status: Developed

Type: Government spending / Subsidy

Mitigation: Fuel switching

Emissions / Actions covered: Expand renewable energy systems.

References: https://unfccc.int/documents/209928

Nunavut Multi-sectoral Developed Government spending / Subsidy System improvements

Policy description: Buildings and electricity sectors Nunavut's utility, Qulliq Energy Corporation (QEC), in partnership with the federal Low Carbon Economy Fund, is implementing new district energy systems that capture residual heat from power generation to heat local commercial and institutional buildings (space and water heating). These systems were implemented in two communities in 2018, Sanikiluaq and Taloyoak. These systems reduce energy costs for customers, extend the lifespan of the heating equipment, reduce fuel consumption, and reduce carbon emissions. Feasibility studies estimated the new heating systems in these two communities will displace approximately 298,000 litres of fuel and reduce emissions by 830 tCO2 annually.

Region: Nunavut

Sector: Multi-sectoral

Status: Developed

Type: Government spending / Subsidy

Mitigation: System improvements

Emissions / Actions covered: Upgrade space heating and water heating in commercial and institutional buildings.

References: https://unfccc.int/documents/209928

Nunavut Multi-sectoral Developing Voluntary Various

Policy description: Developing community energy plans, with support from federal funding, to assess community energy needs and support future developments in clean energy projects.

Region: Nunavut

Sector: Multi-sectoral

Status: Developing

Type: Voluntary

Mitigation: Various

Emissions / Actions covered: Support community energy plan development.

References: https://publications.gc.ca/collections/collection_2022/eccc/En1-77-2020-eng.pdf

Nunavut Electricity Developing Research and development Fuel switching

Policy description: Qulliq Energy Corporation (QEC) contributed to the federal government's Small Modular Reactor (SMR) Action Plan to support the development and deployments of SMRs.

Region: Nunavut

Sector: Electricity

Status: Developing

Type: Research and development

Mitigation: Fuel switching

Emissions / Actions covered: Advance non-emitting electricity generation technology.

References: https://publications.gc.ca/collections/collection_2022/eccc/En1-77-2020-eng.pdf

Nunavut Multi-sectoral Developed Government spending / Subsidy

Policy description: Transport and buildings sectors Rebate covering 50% of the federal carbon tax on home heating oil, diesel for vehicles, and other fuels for community members in Nunavummiut.

Region: Nunavut

Sector: Multi-sectoral

Status: Developed

Type: Government spending / Subsidy

Mitigation:

Emissions / Actions covered: Subsidize federal carbon tax payments.

References: https://publications.gc.ca/collections/collection_2022/eccc/En1-77-2020-eng.pdf https://gov.nu.ca/finance/information/nunavut-carbon-rebate

Nunavut Electricity Developed Research and development Fuel switching

Policy description: Exploration of geothermal energy resources at Resolute Bay, Cambridge Bay, and Baker Lake, supported by the federal Low Carbon Economy Leadership Fund.

Region: Nunavut

Sector: Electricity

Status: Developed

Type: Research and development

Mitigation: Fuel switching

Emissions / Actions covered: Increase renewable electricity generation.

References: https://publications.gc.ca/collections/collection_2022/eccc/En1-77-2020-eng.pdf

Nunavut Electricity Announced Research and development Fuel switching

Policy description: Qulliq Energy Corporation (QEC) to utilize modelling data to develop future projects for renewable energy, in partnership with Yukon University.

Region: Nunavut

Sector: Electricity

Status: Announced

Type: Research and development

Mitigation: Fuel switching

Emissions / Actions covered: Increase renewable electricity generation.

References: https://publications.gc.ca/collections/collection_2022/eccc/En1-77-2020-eng.pdf

Nunavut Buildings Developed Government spending / Subsidy Efficiency increase

Policy description: $419,000 in funding from Nunavut and $140,000 in funding from the federal Low Carbon Economy Leadership Fund to retrofit buildings for increased energy efficiency. This project is expected to have an approximate cumulative reduction of 38,900 t of GHG emissions by 2030.

Region: Nunavut

Sector: Buildings

Status: Developed

Type: Government spending / Subsidy

Mitigation: Efficiency increase

Emissions / Actions covered: Increase the energy efficiency of buildings.

References: https://publications.gc.ca/collections/collection_2022/eccc/En1-77-2020-eng.pdf

Ontario Electricity Developed Government spending / Subsidy System improvements

Policy description: Refurbishment of 10 nuclear power plants, which together will provide more than 9,800 MW of emissions-free capacity. This is a longoterm project that has been ongoing since 2016.

Region: Ontario

Sector: Electricity

Status: Developed

Type: Government spending / Subsidy

Mitigation: System improvements

Emissions / Actions covered: Continue non-emitting electricity generation.

References: https://www.ontario.ca/document/ontarios-long-term-energy-plan-2017-order-council-21202017/chapter-2-ensuring-flexible-energy-system#section-8

Ontario Electricity Developed Regulation Fuel switching

Policy description: Ontario phased out its last coal-fired generating unit in 2014. In 2019, approximately 94% of Ontario’s electricity generation was emissions-free. Commitments were made under the Cessation of Coal Regulation (2007) and Ending Coal for Cleaner Air Act (2015). In 2014, the Atikokan Generating Station was converted from coal to biomass.

Region: Ontario

Sector: Electricity

Status: Developed

Type: Regulation

Mitigation: Fuel switching

Emissions / Actions covered: Combustion emissions from electricity generated from coal-fired power plants.

References: https://www.ontario.ca/page/end-coal https://www.opg.com/powering-ontario/our-generation/biomass/

Ontario Electricity Developed Government spending / Subsidy Efficiency increase

Policy description: Conservation program for commercial and residential sectors to reduce electricity consumption through energy saving measures (such as retrofits, energy performance management, and affordability programs). Previous framework was called the Electricity 2015-2020 Conservation Framework.

Region: Ontario

Sector: Electricity

Status: Developed

Type: Government spending / Subsidy

Mitigation: Efficiency increase

Emissions / Actions covered: Increase energy efficiency in residential and commercial sectors.

References: https://www.ieso.ca/en/Corporate-IESO/Ministerial-Directives/2021-2024-Conservation-and-Demand-Management-Framework

Ontario Electricity Developed Regulation Fuel switching / Efficiency increase

Policy description: 20-year contract for difference program guaranteeing a price for renewable electricity generation, including on-shore wind, waterpower, biogas, and solar photovoltaic (PV). Part of an initiative to help meet Ontario’s renewable energy capacity of 10,700 MW by 2021 and 20,000 MW by 2025. The microFIT program covers projects of up to 10 kW. The FIT program covers projects between 10 and 500kW. The program ceased to accept applicants in 2016. However, the Independent Electricity System Operator (IESO) continues to oversee contract management.

Region: Ontario

Sector: Electricity

Status: Developed

Type: Regulation

Mitigation: Fuel switching / Efficiency increase

Emissions / Actions covered: Increase renewable electricity generation.

References: www.ieso.ca/sector-participants/feed-in-tariff-program/overview

Ontario Electricity Developed Regulation Efficiency increase

Policy description: Regulation to support community net metering (CNM) demonstration projects and enable innovative approaches to community energy planning. The regulation provides a framework for how community net metering projects are to be arranged. This includes a generator that manages load facilities, generation facilities, and an agreement with the participating distributor. Demonstration projects are limited to up to 10 MW in size and a term of maximum term of 10 years. The regulation also authorizes the West Five development in London, Ontario as a CNM demonstration project which will demonstrate how community net metering can support renewable energy integration at the community level, resulting in more affordable electricity and community-level sustainability.

Region: Ontario

Sector: Electricity

Status: Developed

Type: Regulation

Mitigation: Efficiency increase

Emissions / Actions covered: Develop community net-metering projects.

References: https://ero.ontario.ca/notice/019-2531

Ontario Electricity Developed Regulation System improvements

Policy description: A program led by the Independent Electricity System Operator (IESO) to improve electricity delivery. It is expected to generate net benefits of $800 million over the first 10 years of its implementation. Initiatives will align price and dispatch, support participation of new technologies, reduce cost of scheduling and dispatch through real-time unit commitment, and increase certainty to IESO and market participants through a day-ahead market.

Region: Ontario

Sector: Electricity

Status: Developed

Type: Regulation

Mitigation: System improvements

Emissions / Actions covered: Improve electricity supply and implement pricing reforms.

References: https://www.ieso.ca/en/Market-Renewal/Background/Overview-of-Market-Renewal

Ontario Electricity Developed Research and development Fuel switching / Efficiency increase

Policy description: The Independent Electricity System Operator (IESO) funding program providing support for innovative energy projects across Ontario. This program has funded over 200 energy projects since 2005. Eligible applicants include local hydro companies, technology companies, consulting firms, public sector organizations, and industry associations. Project funding is limited to three years and up to a specified percent of project costs.

Region: Ontario

Sector: Electricity

Status: Developed

Type: Research and development

Mitigation: Fuel switching / Efficiency increase

Emissions / Actions covered: Support clean energy projects proposed by non-profit and for-profit entities.

References: https://www.ieso.ca/en/Get-Involved/Funding-Programs/Grid-Innovation-Fund/Overview

Ontario Industry Developed Regulation Fuel switching

Policy description: Regulations implemented in 2015 that are targeted at emission-intensive and trade-exposed (EITE) industries, including cement, lime, and iron and steel manufacturers, to help them transition to alternative low-carbon fuel in place of coal or coke. O. Reg. 79/15 was amended in 2021 to further streamline the approvals process for listed industries to substitute coke and coal with fuels derived from materials that would otherwise be disposed of in landfills.

Region: Ontario

Sector: Industry

Status: Developed

Type: Regulation

Mitigation: Fuel switching

Emissions / Actions covered: Combustion emissions from emission intensive and trade exposed (EITE) industries using coke/coal as fuel (cement, lime, and iron and steel manufacturers).

References: https://www.ontariocanada.com/registry/view.do?postingId=17242 https://ero.ontario.ca/notice/019-3544

Ontario Industry Developed Carbon pricing / Tradable performance standard Various

Policy description: Carbon-pollution pricing system for large industrial emitters in sectors covered by the federal output-based pricing system (OBPS). This system is expected to reduce emissions by 2% annually for industries that are highly emissions-intensive and/or trade-exposed and by 5% per year for other industries. Ontario’s standard met the federal benchmark as of September 2020. Regulated facilities are required to meet the established GHG performance standards or use compliance approaches if their emissions exceed the standard. Regulated entities are facilities that have emitted over 50,000 tCO2e per year in a year since 2014. Facilities that have emitted between 10,000 tCO2e to 50,000 tCO2e per year in a year since 2014 may choose to opt into the program.

Region: Ontario

Sector: Industry

Status: Developed

Type: Carbon pricing / Tradable performance standard

Mitigation: Various

Emissions / Actions covered: Combustion emissions from large industrial emitters.

References: https://unfccc.int/documents/209928

Ontario Multi-sectoral Developed Government spending / Subsidy Efficiency increase

Policy description: A demand-side management (DSM) plan establishing a framework for variety of conservation programs to Enbridge Gas Inc. customers, including residential affordability programs and residential/commercial retrofit programs. Similar programming under different frameworks have been in place for 20 years.

Region: Ontario

Sector: Multi-sectoral

Status: Developed

Type: Government spending / Subsidy

Mitigation: Efficiency increase

Emissions / Actions covered: Increase the energy efficiency of industrial, commercial, institutional, and residential natural gas customers and reduce their energy consumption.

References: https://unfccc.int/documents/209928 https://www.oeb.ca/participate/applications/current-major-applications/eb-2021-0002

Ontario LULUCF Developed Regulation Carbon sequestration

Policy description: Four provincial land use plans—in Greater Golden Horseshoe, the Greenbelt, the Oak Ridges Moraine, and the Niagara Escarpment—working together under key legislation, specifically the Places to Grow Act (2005) and the Greenbelt Act (2005), to manage growth, build complete communities, curb sprawl, and protect the natural environment.

Region: Ontario

Sector: LULUCF

Status: Developed

Type: Regulation

Mitigation: Carbon sequestration

Emissions / Actions covered: Improve the overall environmental impact of land use planning and reduce associated emissions.

References: https://unfccc.int/documents/209928

Ontario Multi-sectoral Developed Regulation Efficiency increase

Policy description: Buildings and industrial sectors Performance standards applicable to over 80 appliances and equipment using electricity, natural gas, and oil in the residential, commercial, and industrial sectors. These provincial standards are harmonized, where possible, with federal standards. Amended in July 2020 to increase efficiency requirements for residential windows.

Region: Ontario

Sector: Multi-sectoral

Status: Developed

Type: Regulation

Mitigation: Efficiency increase

Emissions / Actions covered: Increase the efficiency of appliances and equipment using electricity, natural gas, and oil in the residential, commercial and industrial sectors.

References: https://unfccc.int/documents/209928

Ontario Transportation Outdated Regulation Fuel switching

Policy description: Regulation specifying a minimum renewable fuel content of 4% for diesel, by volume. Renewable diesel life cycle GHG emissions are required to be at least 70% lower than standard petroleum diesel. In 2020, this regulation was replaced by the Cleaner Transportation Fuels: Renewable Content Requirements for Gasoline and Diesel Fuels regulation.

Region: Ontario

Sector: Transportation

Status: Outdated

Type: Regulation

Mitigation: Fuel switching

Emissions / Actions covered: Combustion emissions from diesel fuel for transportation.

References: https://www.ontario.ca/page/greener-diesel-regulation

Ontario Transportation Outdated Regulation Fuel switching

Policy description: Regulation specifying a minimum renewable fuel content of 10% for gasoline, by volume. Renewable gasoline must have an average of 45% less life cycle GHG emissions than standard petroleum gasoline. In 2020, this regulation was replaced by the Cleaner Transportation Fuels: Renewable Content Requirements for Gasoline and Diesel Fuels regulation.

Region: Ontario

Sector: Transportation

Status: Outdated

Type: Regulation

Mitigation: Fuel switching

Emissions / Actions covered: Combustion emissions from vehicles using gasoline fuel.

References: https://www.ontario.ca/page/greener-gasoline

Ontario Transportation Developed Regulation Fuel switching

Policy description: Regulation specifying a minimum renewable fuel content of 4% for diesel, by volume. Renewable diesel life cycle GHG emissions are required to be at least 70% lower than standard petroleum diesel. Specifies a minimum renewable fuel content for gasoline of a specified amount, which increases each calendar year: 11% in 2025, 13% in 2028, 15% in 2030. Gasoline must have an average of 50% less life cycle GHG emissions than standard petroleum gasoline (previously was 45%). This is a new regulation as of November 25, 2020, that replaces the now-revoked O. Reg. 535/05 (Greener Gasoline) and O. Reg. 97/14 (Greener Diesel).

Region: Ontario

Sector: Transportation

Status: Developed

Type: Regulation

Mitigation: Fuel switching

Emissions / Actions covered: Combustion emissions from gasoline and diesel fuel for transportation.

References: https://ero.ontario.ca/notice/013-4598

Ontario Transportation Developed Government spending / Subsidy Mode shifting

Policy description: $28.5 billion in capital investment for subway expansion through the “New Subway Transit Plan for the Greater Toronto and Hamilton Area (GTHA).” Additional investments have been announced that support an updated Hamilton LRT project ($1 billion) and GO Rail Expansion that will double annual ridership by 2055.

Region: Ontario

Sector: Transportation

Status: Developed

Type: Government spending / Subsidy

Mitigation: Mode shifting

Emissions / Actions covered: Increase and expand public transit service across southwestern Ontario.

References: https://unfccc.int/documents/209928 https://budget.ontario.ca/2021/brief.html#tb-6f4

Ontario Transportation Developed Regulation Fuel switching

Policy description: Regulatory changes supporting expanded 24/7 compressed natural gas refuelling stations for trucks along the 400-series highways in Ontario.

Region: Ontario

Sector: Transportation

Status: Developed

Type: Regulation

Mitigation: Fuel switching

Emissions / Actions covered: Combustion emissions from heavy-duty trucks.

References: https://unfccc.int/documents/209928

Ontario Transportation Developed Regulation Efficiency increase

Policy description: Emissions testing and safety inspection program for heavy diesel commercial motor vehicles, developed in 2022. This regulation does not apply to light passenger vehicles or heavy-duty, non-diesel vehicles.

Region: Ontario

Sector: Transportation

Status: Developed

Type: Regulation

Mitigation: Efficiency increase

Emissions / Actions covered: Combustion emissions from heavy-duty diesel commercial motor vehicles.

References: https://www.ontario.ca/page/driveon-emissions-and-safety-inspection-program

Ontario Transportation Developed Government spending / Subsidy Fuel switching

Policy description: Ontario matched the $295 million investment support committed by the federal government for the battery electric vehicle (BEV) production hub at Ford Motors Oakville Assembly Complex.

Region: Ontario

Sector: Transportation

Status: Developed

Type: Government spending / Subsidy

Mitigation: Fuel switching

Emissions / Actions covered: Increase BEV manufacturing.

References: https://unfccc.int/documents/209928 https://www.ontario.ca/page/made-in-ontario-environment-plan

Ontario Waste Developed Regulation Carbon capture and storage

Policy description: Landfills larger than 1.5 million cubic metres require landfill gas collection, and use or flaring to reduce methane emissions releases.

Region: Ontario

Sector: Waste

Status: Developed

Type: Regulation

Mitigation: Carbon capture and storage

Emissions / Actions covered: Methane emissions from operating, proposed, or expanding landfills larger than 1.5 million cubic metres.

References: https://www.ontariocanada.com/registry/view.do?postingId=1281

Ontario Multi-sectoral Developed Government spending / Subsidy Fuel switching / Mode shifting

Policy description: Ontario has issued a total of $12.5 billion in green bonds, focused on financing public transit initiatives, extreme-weather-resistant infrastructure, and energy efficiency and conservation projects.

Region: Ontario

Sector: Multi-sectoral

Status: Developed

Type: Government spending / Subsidy

Mitigation: Fuel switching / Mode shifting

Emissions / Actions covered: Support various environmental initiatives, including those focused on improving and expanding public transit.